The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Issue No.04 - July/August (1988 vol.8)
pp: 24-30
<p>The authors demonstrate the utility of examining seismic data with a volumetric scheme, whereby a synoptic view of the interior of the data volume is possible before conventional interpretation. High-amplitude seismic events, representing reflections from subterranean surfaces, are transformed to color pixels, and the resulting 3-D images reveal the structure of the geological layers. Such morphological features as hills, valleys, and faults are apparent indicating that the approach could prove useful for identifying potential oil reservoirs. The authors implement the technique on a personal computer to produce displays of similar quality, but they find that the construction of the 3-D images is too slow for reasonable interactivity. However, with the addition of a parallel-processing accelerator, a personal-computer-based workstation would be feasible for this kind of 3-D visualization and interpretation.</p>
R.H. Wolfe, Jr., C.N. Liu, "Interactive Visualization of 3D Seismic Data: a Volumetric Method", IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol.8, no. 4, pp. 24-30, July/August 1988, doi:10.1109/38.7746
1. E.J. Farrell, C.N. Liu, R.C. Waag, and R.M. Lerner, "Color Display of 3D Ultrasound Data,"J. Ultrasound in Medicine, Feb., 1983, p. 70.
2. E.K. Fishman et al., "Volumetric Rendering Techniques: Applications for Three-Dimensional Imaging of the Hip,"Radiology, June, 1987, pp. 737-738.
3. E.J. Farrell, R.A. Zappulla, and W.C. Yang, "Color 3D Imaging of Normal and Pathologic Intracranial Structures,"CG&A, Sept. 1984, pp. 5-17.
4. E.J. Farrell, "Visual Interpretation of Complex Data,"IBM Systems J., Feb. 1987, pp. 174-200.
5. T.V. Papathomas, J.A. Schiavone, and B. Julesz, "Stereo Animation for Very Large Data Bases: Case Study--Meteorology,"CG&A, Sept. 1987, pp. 18-27.
6. I. Chakravarty, B.G. Nichol, and T. Ono, "The Integration of Computer Graphics and Image Processing Techniques for the Display and Manipulation of Geophysical Data,"Advanced Computer Graphics, T.L. Kunii, ed. Springer-Verlag, Tokyo, 1986, pp. 318-333.
7. N. Keskes, P. Zaccagnino, D. Rether, and P. Mermey, "Automatic Extraction of 3-D Seismic Horizons," Paper S21.1,Expanded Abstracts of the Society of Exploration Geophysicists 53th Annual Meeting, 1983, pp. 557-559.
8. G. Sibille et al., "Enhancement of the Perception of Seismic Facies and Sequences by Image Analysis Techniques," Paper S7.2,Expanded Abstracts of the Society of Exploration Geophysicists 54th Annual Meeting, 1984, pp. 477-480.
9. A.C. Gerhardstein and A.R. Brown, "Interactive Interpretation of Seismic Data,"Geophysics, Apr. 1984, pp. 353-363.
10. M.P. Curtis, A.C. Gerhardstein, and R.E. Howard, "Interpretation of Large 3-D Data Volumes," Paper 510.5,Expanded Abstracts of the Society of Exploration Geophysicists 56th Annual Meeting, 1986, pp. 497-499.
11. H. Royce Nelson, Jr.,New Technologies in Exploration Geophysics, Gulf, Houston, Tex., 1983, Chapter 6.
12. G.T. Saeland and G.S. Simpson, "Interpretation of 3D Data in Delineating a Subconformity Trap in Block 34/10, Norwegian North Sea," AAPG Memoir 32:The Deliberate Search for the Subtle Trap, 1982.
13. L.C. Wood and S. Treitel, "Seismic Signal Processing,"Proc. IEEE, Apr., 1975, pp. 649-661.
14. A.J. Berkhout, "The Seismic Method in the Search for Oil and Gas: Current Techniques and Future Developments,"Proc. IEEE, Aug. 1986, pp. 1133-1159.
15. N.H. Ricker,Transient Waves in Visco-Elastic Media, Elsevier, New York, 1977.
16. C.N. Liu, M. Fatemi, and R.C. Waag, "Digital Processing for Improvement of Ultrasonic Abdominal Images,"IEEE Trans. Medical Imaging, June 1983, pp. 66-75.
17. E.J. Farrell, W.C. Yang, and R.A. Zappulla, "Animated 3D CT Imaging,"CG&A, Dec. 1985, pp. 26-32.
18. V. Gelfand, G. Taylor, J. Tessman, and K. Larner, "3-D Seismic Lithologic Modeling to Delineate Rapidly Changing Reservoir Facies: A Case History from Alberta, Canada," Paper S4.1,Expanded Abstracts of the Society of Exploration Geophysicists 55th Annual Meeting, 1985, pp. 343-345.
19. N.E. Pullin, L.W. Matthews, and W.K. Hirsche, "Techniques Applied to Obtain Very High-Resolution 3-D Seismic Imaging at an Athabasca Tar Sands Thermal Pilot," Paper S10.4,Expanded Abstracts of the Society of Exploration Geophysicists 56th Annual Meeting, 1986, pp. 494-497.
20. K. Nunan, A.G. Lean, and C.P. Wang, "The Shading Engine--a Low Cost Parallel Processor for Rendering High Quality Color Images in Graphics Workstations,"Proc. 1st Int'l Conf. Computer Workstations, CS Press, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1985, pp. 38-44.
21. K.H. Hoehne and R. Bernstein, "Shading 3D Images from CT Using Gray-Level Gradients,"IEEE Trans. Medical Imaging, Vol. MI-5, Mar. 1986, pp. 45-47.
22. D.S. Schlusselberg, W.K. Smith, and D.J. Woodward, "Three-Dimensional Display of Medical Image Volumes," Proc. 7th Ann. Conf. and Exposition, Vol. III, NCGA, Fairfax, Va., 1986, pp. 114-123.
23. W.E. Lorensen and H.E. Cline, "Marching Cubes: A High-Resolution 3D Surface Construction Algorithm,"Computer Graphics(Proc. Siggraph 87), ACM Press, New York, Vol. 21, No. 4, 1987, pp. 163-169.
28 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool