The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Issue No.12 - December (1987 vol.7)
pp: 9-19
Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann , University of Montreal
Daniel Thalmann , University of Montreal
This article describes how the synthetic actors Marilyn Monroe and Humphrey Bogart were directed in the film Rendez-vous a Montreal, using the Human Factory software. Innovative points are emphasized. The recreation of famous persons and reconstitution of their personalities, as well as the corresponding animation, are considered from an artistic point of view. Technical points discussed are personalized expressions, abstract muscle action (AMA) procedures, expression key-frame interpolation, multitrack mixing and synchronization, automatic body mapping using joint-dependent local deformation (JLD) operators, and semi-automatic object grasping. Task-level problems are also explained. Finally, how a fifth-generation animation system might evolve is discussed.
Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann, Daniel Thalmann, "The Direction of Synthetic Actors in the Film Rendez-Vous a Montreal", IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol.7, no. 12, pp. 9-19, December 1987, doi:10.1109/MCG.1987.276934
1. H.F.Walker, Newsweek , Apr.20 1987pp. 58-64
2. N.Magnenat-Thalmann and D.Thalmann, Theory and Practice , Springer-Verlag 1985pp. 13-17
3. S.N.Steketee and N.I.Badler, "Parametric Keyframe Interpolation Incorporating Kinetic Adjustment and Phrasing Control," Computer Graphics (Proc. SIGGRAPH 85) July 1985pp. 255-262
4. D.Zeltzer, The Visual Computer , Dec. 1985pp. 249-259
5. N.Burtnyk and M.Wein, "Computer-Generated Key-Frame Animation," J. of SMPTE Vol. 80, pp. 149-153 1971
6. WReeves, "Inbetweening for Computer Animation Utilizing Moving Point Constraints," Computer Graphics (Proc. SIGGRAPH 81) Aug. 1981pp. 263-269
7. D.Kochanek and R.Bartels, "Interpolating Splines with Local Tension, Continuity and Bias Tension," Computer Graphics (Proc. SIGGRAPH 84) July 1984pp. 33-41
8. C.W.Reynolds, "Computer Animation with Scripts and Actors," Computer Graphics (Proc. SIGGRAPH 82) July 1982pp. 289-296
9. N.Magnenat-Thalmann and D.Thalmann, CG&A , Dec. 1983pp. 9-16
10. N.Magnenat-Thalmann, D.Thalmann, and M.Fortin, CG&A , Mar. 1985pp. 61-73
11. N.I.Badler, "Design of a Human Movement Representation Incorporating Dynamics," , Dept. of Computer and Information Science, Univ. of Pennsylvania 1984 Tech. Report
12. W.W.Armstrong and M.Green, The Visual Computer , Dec. 1985pp. 231-240
13. J.P.Wilhelms and B.A.Barsky, N.Magnenat-Thalmann, and D.Thalmann, in Computer-Generated Images , Springer-Verlag 1985pp. 209-229
14. B.Kroyer, "Animating with a Hierarchy," SIGGRAPH 86 1986 seminar notes ACM
15. N.Magnenat-Thalmann, D.Thalmann, and L.Forest, "An Integration of Keyframe and Algorithmic Animation," Proc. Computer Graphics Tokyo 86 1986pp. 263-274 Springer-Verlag
16. N.I.Badler and S.W.Smoliar, ACM Computing Surveys , Mar. 1979pp. 19-38
17. P.Ekman and W.Friesen, Facial Action Coding System , Consulting Psychologists Press 1978
18. P.Bergeron, "Techniques for Animating Characters," SIGGRAPH 85 1985 tutorial notes ACM
19. F.I.Parke, A Parametric Model for Human Faces 1974
20. F. I.Parke, CG&A , Nov. 1982pp. 61-68
21. A.Pearce, "Speech and Expression: A Computer Solution to Face Animation," Proc. Graphics Interface 86 1986pp. 136-140 Canadian Information Processing Soc.
22. S.Platt and N.Badler, "Animating Facial Expressions," Computer Graphics (Proc. SIGGRAPH 81) Aug. 1981pp. 245-252
23. D.Fortin, J.F.Lamy, and D.Thalmann, "A Multiple Track Animator System for the Synchronization of Human Motion," Proc. ACM SIGGRAPH/SIGART Workshop on Motion 1983pp. 180-186 ACM
24. N.I.Badler, The Visual Computer , Dec. 1985pp. 212-220
25. D.Zeltzer, "Knowledge-Based Animation," Proc. ACM SIGGRAPH/ SIGART Workshop on Motion 1983pp. 187-192 ACM
26. J.U.Korein, A Geometric Investigation of Reach , MIT Press 1985
18 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool