Issue No. 04 - Oct.-Dec. (2014 vol. 36)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2014.64
Gard Paulsen , Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Beginning in the mid-1960s, electromechanical telecommunications switches were increasingly replaced by computer-controlled switches. Production and development of this equipment relied on the construction of its software. This software was shaped by practices, ideas, and ideals appropriated from the computer industry and computer science as much as by concerns and constraints of the telecommunications industry itself.
Computer languages, Europe, Programming, Software engineering, History, Electrochemical devices
Gard Paulsen, "When Switches Became Programs: Programming Languages and Telecommunications, 1965-1980", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 36, no. , pp. 38-50, Oct.-Dec. 2014, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2014.64