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Issue No. 03 - July-Sept. (2014 vol. 36)
ISSN: 1058-6180
pp: 4-18
David Hemmendinger , Union College
In 1958, Davidson & Hemmendinger, a small company that made color measurements and standards, introduced the COMIC (Colorant MIxture Computer), the first practical computer for determining a mixture of dyes or paints to match a given sample. An analog computer that solved a set of simultaneous equations, it was replaced within a decade by digital computer programs; nonetheless, it helped bring automation to the colorant industry. This short history--which describes the COMIC and its effect on the colorant industry, and identifies some of its successors--gives context to the COMIC while adding to historians' knowledge of technology and computing.
Color, Mathematical model, Analog computers, Image color analysis, Industries

D. Hemmendinger, "COMIC: An Analog Computer in the Colorant Industry," in IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 4-18, 2014.
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