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Programmable pocket calculators of the mid-1970s opened up a new segment of the personal computing devices market. Calculator users established clubs, magazines, and conferences, and their interaction with manufacturers shaped the products' further development. This article explores one of the understudied roots of personal computing, through the evolution of the user communities formed around the TI-59 and HP-41C calculators.
Calculators, Software development, History, Microcomputers, Calculators, Random access memory, Programming, Hewlett-Packard, Calculators, Software, Libraries, Microcomputers, Registers, Random access memory, Programming, personal computers, history of computing, computer system implementation, computer systems organization, electronics, programmable calculators, TI-59, HP-41C, Texas Instruments

D. Ristanović and J. Protić, "Once Upon a Pocket: Programmable Calculators from the Late 1970s and Early 1980s and the Social Networks Around Them," in IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 34, no. , pp. 55-66, 2012.
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