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ABSTRACT
The German Democratic Republic made a major commitment to the manufacture and use of computers, following common practices embraced by communist regimes during the Cold War. This article describes the political, economic, and technical results from the founding of the GDR to its demise in 1989.
INDEX TERMS
history of computing, German Democratic Republic, GDR, ZRA 1, D 1-2, D 4, Soviet Union
CITATION
James W. Cortada, "Information Technologies in the German Democratic Republic (GDR), 1949–1989", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 34, no. , pp. 34-48, April-June 2012, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2012.27
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