Issue No. 02 - April-June (2012 vol. 34)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2012.22
Thomas Haigh , University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee
Bernardo Bátiz-Lazo , Bangor University, UK
The Mexican civil engineering firm ICA installed its first computer, an IBM 1130, in 1966. By documenting the development of ICA's computing efforts over almost 15 years, the authors trace the influence of personnel and company practices, examine the development of technical and administrative applications, and explore the computer center's story within the broader history of ICA.
history of computing, computer centers, history, data processing, computer integrated engineering, ICA, Mexico
Thomas Haigh, Bernardo Bátiz-Lazo, "Engineering Change: The Appropriation of Computer Technology at Grupo ICA in Mexico (1965–1971)", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 34, no. , pp. 20-33, April-June 2012, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2012.22