Issue No.02 - April-June (2012 vol.34)
Bernardo Bátiz-Lazo , Bangor University, UK
Thomas Haigh , University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2012.22
The Mexican civil engineering firm ICA installed its first computer, an IBM 1130, in 1966. By documenting the development of ICA's computing efforts over almost 15 years, the authors trace the influence of personnel and company practices, examine the development of technical and administrative applications, and explore the computer center's story within the broader history of ICA.
history of computing, computer centers, history, data processing, computer integrated engineering, ICA, Mexico
Bernardo Bátiz-Lazo, Thomas Haigh, "Engineering Change: The Appropriation of Computer Technology at Grupo ICA in Mexico (1965–1971)", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.34, no. 2, pp. 20-33, April-June 2012, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2012.22