Issue No. 04 - October-December (2011 vol. 33)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2011.76
Mikko Valorinta , Capgemini, Finland
Tomi Nokelainen , Tampere University of Technology, Finland
<p>The retail industry in Finland was at the national forefront in terms of computer adoption shortly after the Second World War. Analyzing the societal, organizational, and industry-specific preconditions and the drivers for this early adoption, both at industrial and organizational levels, helps illustrate how this development unfolded inside the four major retailing organizations in Finland from the 1950s to the late 1970s.</p>
History of computing, retailing, wholesaling, business computing, computer adoption, computers and society, Finland
M. Valorinta and T. Nokelainen, "Introduction and Early Use of Computers in the Finnish Retail Industry," in IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 33, no. , pp. 45-55, 2011.