Issue No. 04 - October-December (2011 vol. 33)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2011.78
Philipp Aumann , University of Tuebingen, Germany
<p>As it spread into different countries, cybernetics was shaped by the tensions between international networks of scientists and national restrictions set by political, social, and cultural influences. Such extra-scientific factors caused a huge variability in cybernetic applications. This article examines the evolution of cybernetics in West Germany as both a cultural and scientific-technological phenomenon.</p>
History of computing, cybernetics, West Germany, artificial intelligence, popular science
P. Aumann, "The Distinctiveness of a Unifying Science: Cybernetics' Way to West Germany," in IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 33, no. , pp. 17-27, 2011.