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Issue No.03 - July-September (2011 vol.33)
pp: 67-73
<p>This inaugural installment of the Annals Interviews column includes an interview with Willis Ware, who has been involved in digital computing since the mid-1940s. Ware had a knack for being at the right place at the right time and was involved in several important steps in the spread of digital computing. His professional experience includes Hazeltine Electronics Corporation (1942&#x2013;1946), Institute for Advanced Study (1946&#x2013;1951), North American Aviation (1951&#x2013;1952), and RAND (1952&#x2013;1992). He was also the first president of the American Federation of Information Processing Societies (AFIPS) and chair of the Special Advisory Committee on Automated Personal Data Systems, which developed policy recommendations that funneled into the Privacy Act of 1974.</p>
history of computing, Willis Ware, Institute for Advanced Study, RAND, AFIPS, Johniaac, John von Neumann, information security, computer privacy
"Willis H. Ware", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.33, no. 3, pp. 67-73, July-September 2011, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2011.60
1. This interview was conducted by email between 2 April and 1 June 2010 and then edited down to this published version.
2. Willis has previously sat for two scholarly interviews and has written a memoir: N. Stern, "An Interview with Willis H. Ware," Charles Babbage Inst., Univ. of Minnesota, CBU accession number OH37, 19 Jan. 1981; ; J.R. Yost, "An Interview with Willis Ware," CBI, Univ. of Minnesota, CBU accession number OH356, 11 Aug. 2003; W.H. Ware, RAND and the Information Evolution: A History in Essays and Vignettes, RAND, 2008, .
3. A.W. Burks, H. Goldstine, J. von Neumann, Preliminary Discussion of the Logical Design of an Electronic Computer Instrument, Inst. for Advanced Study, 1 Jan. 1946.
4. M. Campbell-Kelly and M.R. Williams, The Moore School Lectures, MIT Press, 1985.
5. W.H. Ware, "The Logical Principles of a New Kind of Binary Counter," Proceedings of the IRE, vol. 14, no. 10, Oct. 1953, pp. 1429–1437.
6. See artifact_frame.php?tax_id= .
7. W.H. Ware, Digital Computer Technology and Design, vols. I and II, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
8. Security Controls for Computer Systems, tech. report R-609-PR, RAND, Defense Science Board Task Force on Computer Security, 1972. R-609-1-PR was reissued Oct. 1979. This widely circulated report was informally known as "the Ware report."
9. W.H. Ware, Records, Computers and the Rights of Citizens, DHEW publication (OS)73-94, stock no. 1700-00166, US Government Printing Office, 1973;
10. Privacy Protection Study Commission, Personal Privacy in an Information Society, tech. report, 1977.
11. EJCC, WJCC, SJCC, and FJCC stand for East, West, Spring, and Fall Joint Computer Conferences.
12. Ware, RAND and the Information Evolution.
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