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Issue No. 01 - January-March (2011 vol. 33)
ISSN: 1058-6180
pp: 4-21
B. Jack Copeland , University of Canterbury in Christchurch, New Zealand
<p>The Manchester Baby, built by F.C. Williams and Tom Kilburn and operational in June 1948, was the first stored-program electronic computer. The Williams-Kilburn tube memory, pioneered in the Baby, was subsequently adopted in many first-generation computers, including the Princeton IAS machine and the IBM 701. Part 1 of this article provides an overview of the Manchester project and its personnel and documents the origins of the Williams-Kilburn tube.</p>
Automatic Computing Engine (ACE), Bletchley Park, Colossus, Manchester Baby computer, Manchester Mark I Computer, Moore School, Princeton Computer, Royal Society Computing Machine Laboratory, Small-Scale Experimental Machine (SSEM), Telecommunications Research Establishment (TRE), Turing-Wilkinson Lecture Series, Williams tube, cathode-ray tube memory, J.P. Eckert, I.J. Good, T. Kilburn, R.A. McConnell, M.H.A. Newman, A.M. Turing, J. von Neumann, F.C. Williams.

B. J. Copeland, "The Manchester Computer: A Revised History Part 1: The Memory," in IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 33, no. , pp. 4-21, 2010.
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