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Issue No.03 - July-September (2010 vol.32)
pp: 4-19
Hans Rüdiger Wiehle , University of the Armed Forces Munich , Ottobrunn
<p>In an historical overview of computer operations in scientific-technical environments from the second half of the 1950s to the mid-1960s, this article discusses the ways German universities and similar institutions initially used small computers. It reports on the emergence of high-level programming languages, the appearance and predominance of large batch-processing systems, and the arising efforts to reestablish a conversational mode of operations.</p>
history of computing, software engineering, software management, programming languages, operating systems, user-computer interaction, computer industry
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