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Issue No. 04 - October-December (2008 vol. 30)
ISSN: 1058-6180
pp: 77-91
Petri Paju , University of Turku, Finland
By the time the first operational electronic digital computer was installed in Helsinki in 1958, Finland's computerization was already far advanced. The Finnish experience helps illustrate the spread of computing technology in Northern Europe. In Finland's case, it occurred through a combination of national goals and internationally acquired technology and expertise.
Finland and Scandinavia; Early use of computers; Computer service center; IBM World Trade Corporation; IBM Finland; Committee for Mathematical Machines; Nokia Corporation

P. Paju, "National Projects and International Users: Finland and Early European Computerization," in IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 30, no. , pp. 77-91, 2008.
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