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Issue No. 04 - October-December (2008 vol. 30)
ISSN: 1058-6180
pp: 42-58
Corinna Schlombs , University of Pennsylvania
US computer manufacturers—including IBM and Remington Rand—expanded into Europe after World War II. The companies overcame resistances and adjusted to different market conditions; how they did this, and why IBM succeeded more than others, is examined here. This article argues that IBM adeptly managed—or engineered—relationships with foreign governments and stakeholders through a European-wide manufacturing system and European research laboratories.
Computer industry, computing milieux, computes and society, IBM 650, IBM 1401, Univac, markets

C. Schlombs, "Engineering International Expansion: IBM and Remington Rand in European Computer Markets," in IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 30, no. , pp. 42-58, 2008.
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