Issue No. 03 - July-September (2008 vol. 30)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2008.40
Horst Oberquelle , University of Hamburg, Germany
Oskar Beckmann , St. Pölten, Austria
When the pioneers of computer art started to produce their works by programming mainframes, using plotters for output, the Austrian sculptor Otto Beckmann took a different path. He used a special computer constructed by his son Oskar Beckmann. This article describes the technical context of early computer art, Beckmann
history of computing, personal computing, human-centered computing, user/machine systems, interaction techniques, computer graphics applications, fine arts, markov processes, hybrid computers
H. Oberquelle and O. Beckmann, "Beckmann's Studio Computers Specified for Early Computer Art," in IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 30, no. , pp. 20-31, 2008.