Issue No. 03 - July-September (2006 vol. 28)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.56
Hiroshi Ichikawa , Hiroshima University
Which computer was developed first in the Soviet Union? Which one was first successful? Such questions are difficult to answer, but recently declassified archival material may hold the key. The story of the Strela illustrates how competing interests?as institutions and factions jockeyed to gain political advantage-helped determine the fate of this computer, a political success but a technological failure.
The former Soviet Union, the USSR Academy of Sciences, Strela computer, BESM computer, SKB-245 [Special Design Bureau No. 245], ITMVT [the Institute of Precision Mechanics and Computer Technology], Mikhail A. Lavrentev, Nikolai G. Bruevich, Centralized Pluralism, Political Patronage
Hiroshi Ichikawa, "Strela-1, the First Soviet Computer: Political Success and Technological Failure", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 28, no. , pp. 18-31, July-September 2006, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2006.56