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Issue No. 04 - October-December (2005 vol. 27)
ISSN: 1058-6180
pp: 46-62
Jonathan Grudin , Microsoft Research
Human-computer interaction is considered a core element of computer science. Yet it has not coalesced; many researchers who identify their focus as human-computer interaction reside in other fields. The author examines the origins and evolution of three HCI research foci: computer operation, information systems management, and discretionary use. Efforts to find common ground and forces that have kept them apart are described.
History, human?computer interaction, human factors, information systems, design, discretion, performance

J. Grudin, "Three Faces of Human-Computer Interaction," in IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 27, no. , pp. 46-62, 2005.
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