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Issue No.03 - July-September (2005 vol.27)
pp: 98-102
Michael R. Adamson , Adamson Historical Consulting
Harvard Lomax was a pioneer in the field of computational fluid dynamics. His research, spanning a 50-year career from 1944 to 1994, secured the leadership role of NASA's Ames Research Center.
Harvard Lomax, computational fluid dynamics, NASA Ames Research Center, numeric wind tunnel, supercomputing, Numerical Aerodynamic Simulation Facility
Michael R. Adamson, "Biographies", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.27, no. 3, pp. 98-102, July-September 2005, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2005.36
1. S. Ulam, "John von Neumann," Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 4, no. 2, 1982, 157-181.
2. H. Lomax, "Computational Fluid Dynamics," Aeronautics Corporate Memory Seminar, 24 Oct. 1978, Ames History Collection, NASA Ames Research Laboratory, Series J: Tapes, Box 60.
3. See, for instance, H. Lomax, M.A. Heaslet, and A.L. Jones, Volterra's Solution of the Wave Equation as Applied to Three-Dimensional Supersonic Airfoil Problems, "Nat'l Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) Report 889, 1947; M.A. Heaslet, H. Lomax, and J.R. Spreiter, Linearized Compressible-Flow Theory for Sonic Flight Speeds, NACA Report 956, 1950.
4. H. Lomax et al., Two- and Three- Dimensional Unsteady Lift Problems in High-Speed Flight, NACA Report 1077, 1952. For a discussion of the relative advantages of the indicial method in computing unsteady transonic flows, see W.F. Ballhaus, "Some Recent Progress in Transonic Flow Computations," Computational Fluid Dynamics, Lecture Series 87, Von Karman Inst. for Fluid Dynamics, 1976; W.F. Ballhaus and P.M. Goorjian, "Computation of Unsteady Transonic Flows by the Indicial Method," AIAA J. vol. 16, no. 2, 1978, pp. 117-124.
5. See, for example, the seminal paper by M.A. Heaslet and H. Lomax, "Supersonic and Transonic Small Perturbation Theory," General Theory of High Speed Aerodynamics, vol. 6, W.R. Sears, ed., Princeton Univ. Press, 1954.
6. M.C. Smith personal communication to the author, 24 Sept. 2004.
7. H. Lomax and M. Inouye, Numerical Analysis of Flow Properties about Blunt Bodies Moving at Supersonic Speeds in an Equilibrium Gas, NASA TR-204, 1964.
8. H. Lomax, Preliminary Investigation of Flow Field Analysis on Digital Computers with Graphic Display, NASA SP-180, 1968.
9. D.R. Chapman, "Computational Aerodynamics Development and Outlook," AIAA J., vol. 17, no. 12, 1979, pp. 1293-1313; D.R. Chapman, H. Mark, and M.W. Pirtle, "Computers vs. Wind Tunnels for Aerodynamic Flow Simulations," AIAA Aeronautics and Astronautics, vol. 13, no. 4, 1975, pp. 23-30; "Lomax Receives National AIAA Award," Astrogram,21 Apr. 1977. Max Heaslet sent many of his Stanford graduate students to Lomax, who suggested areas of research for possible investigation and directed their efforts.
10. "Lomax Receives National AIAA Award." See, for instance, W.F. Ballhaus and H. Lomax, "The Numerical Simulation of Low Frequency Unsteady Transonic Flow Fields," Proc. 4th Int'l Conf. Numerical Methods in Fluid Dynamics, Lecture Notes in Physics, vol. 35, R.D. Richtmyer, ed., Springer-Verlag, 1975, pp. 57-63; W.F. Ballhaus and P.M. Goorjian, "Implicit Finite-Difference Computations of Unsteady Transonic Flows about Airfoils," AIAA J., vol. 15, no. 12, 1977, pp. 1728-1735.
11. H. Lomax, "Recent Progress in Numerical Techniques for Flow Simulation," AIAA J., vol. 14, no. 4, 1976, p. 512.
12. For a discussion, see D.R. Chapman, "Computational Aerodynamics Development and Outlook," pp. 1293-1294; D.R. Chapman, H. Mark, and M.W. Pirtle, "Computers vs. Wind Tunnels for Aerodynamic Flow Simulations" (see Ref. 9).
13. D.R. Chapman, "Computational Aerodynamics Development and Outlook," pp. 1294-1302.
14. B.S. Baldwin and H. Lomax, Thin Layer Approximation and Algebraic Model for Separated Turbulent Flows, AIAA Paper No. 78-257, presented at the 16th AIAA Aerospace Sciences meeting, 16-18 Jan. 1978.
15. H. Lomax, CFD In the 1980s from One Point of View, AIAA Paper No. 91-1526, presented at the 10th CFD conf., 24–27 June, 1991.
16. V.L. Peterson, W.F. Ballhaus, and F.R. Bailey, Numerical Aerodynamic Simulation (NAS), NASA TM-84386, 1983, p. 9; V.L. Peterson and W.F. Ballhaus Jr., "History of the Numerical Aerodynamic Simulation Program," Supercomputing in Aerospace, NASA CP-2454, 1987, pp. 1-11.
17. "NASA's Powerful Supercomputer System To Go Operational," Astrogram, 12 Feb. 1987; V.L. Peterson and W.F. Ballhaus, "History of the Numerical Aerodynamic Simulation Program."
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