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Issue No.02 - April-June (2005 vol.27)
pp: 6-14
In establishing BBN, the founders deliberately created an environment in which engineering creativity could flourish. The author describes steps taken to assure such an environment and a number of events that moved the company into the fledgling field of computing.
Bolt, Licklider, Baruch, psychoacoustics, man machine, ARPANET, time sharing, BBN
Leo L. Beranek, "BBN's Earliest Days: Founding a Culture of Engineering Creativity", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.27, no. 2, pp. 6-14, April-June 2005, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2005.20
1. See also "Leo Beranek, Electrical Engineer," an oral history conducted in 1996 by Janet Abbate, IEEE History Center, Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, New Jersey.
2. See also Leo Beranek, "Roots of the Internet: A Personal History," Massachusetts Historical Rev., vol. 2, Massachusetts Historical Soc., 2000, pp. 55-75.
3. For an extensive history of Licklider including his relationship with BBN, see M. Mitchell Waldrop, The Dream Machine: J.C.R. Licklider and the Revolution That Made Computing Personal, Viking Press, 2001.
4. The focus of this special issue on BBN's role in the world of computers, and this article, describes my role in moving the company into computers from acoustics. Nonetheless, my own engineering and science work has primarily remained in various areas of acoustics, a field in which I continue to do work today, in my ninth decade: Acoustics, Acoustical Soc. of America, 1986; Noise and Vibration Control, Inst. of Noise Control Eng., Iowa State Univ., 1988; Concert Halls and Opera Houses: Music, Acoustics, and Architecture, Springer-Verlag, 2004.
5. "An Interview with John McCarthy,"2 March 1989, oral history conducted by William Aspray, transcript OH 156, Charles Babbage Inst., Univ. of Minnesota, pp. 3-4.
6. J.A. Swets, "The ABC's of BBN: From Acoustics to Behavioral Sciences to Computers," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 15-29.
7. J.C.R. Licklider, Libraries of the Future, MIT Press, 1965.
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