Issue No. 03 - July-September (2003 vol. 25)
Chigusa Ishikawa Kita , Kyoto University
<p>The Information Processing Techniques Office of the Advanced Research Projects Agency (IPTO/ARPA) was founded in 1962 as a step toward realizing a flexible military command and control system. In setting the IPTO's research agenda for funding, its first director, J.C.R. Licklider, emphasized the development of time-sharing systems. This article looks at how Licklider's early vision of "a network of thinking centers" helped set the stage for the IPTO's most famous project: the Arpanet.</p>
C. I. Kita, "J.C.R. Licklider's Vision for the IPTO," in IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 25, no. , pp. 62-77, 2003.