Issue No. 03 - July-September (2003 vol. 25)
Mary Croarken , University of Warwick
<p>The question of how to accurately find longitude at sea was hotly debated in the mid-1700s. This article describes the lunar distance method, promoted by Nevil Maskelyne, the British Astronomer Royal. In 1767, Maskelyne began publishing the Nautical Almanac, which contained astronomical tables prepared by a small network of human computers during the period 1765-1809. This article will describe the computing system Maskelyne created to compute the necessary tables.</p>
M. Croarken, "Tabulating the Heavens: Computing the Nautical Almanac in 18th-Century England," in IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 25, no. , pp. 48-61, 2003.