Issue No. 02 - April-June (2002 vol. 24)
<p>In 1962, the Province of Ontario established five new universities and asked the University of Toronto Library (UTL) to help build libraries for them, which it did. The main task was determining a record format, coordinated with that developed later for the Library of Congress's MARC project. Eventually, UTL established University of Toronto Library Automation Systems (UTLAS), operated first as an independent agency and later sold.</p>
R. Bregzis, C. Gotlieb and C. Moore, "The Beginning of Automation in the University of Toronto Library, 1963-1972," in IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 24, no. , pp. 50-70, 2002.