Issue No. 02 - April-June (2002 vol. 24)
<p>Librarians, particularly those in traditional academic and public libraries, were slow to take advantage of punched cards. In contrast, special librarians and documentalists, with their small systems and focus on retrieving information for users, readily adopted punched cards. The results were dramatic: improved ability to index scientific and technical information and better user service.</p>
R. V. Williams, "The Use of Punched Cards in US Libraries and Documentation Centers, 1936-1965," in IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 24, no. , pp. 16-33, 2002.