Issue No. 03 - July-September (1999 vol. 21)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/85.778982
<p>The history of Hungarian computing science, technology, and applications is given in five movements, starting with the very roots (Prelude) and digging as deeply as the 18th century. For Hungary, a sorrowful story was the period between World War I and World War II (Preliminary Phases to Adagio), followed by the years of Stalinist oppression: persecution of prominent scientists and engineers and of the science of cybernetics. These years were, however, the beginnings of computing in Hungary (First Era of the Historic Ages, Andante). In the 1960s, a boom started in computing in the country (Allegro), followed by continuous development in Hungarian computing until the present (Largo).</p>
Z. Szentgyörgyi, "A Short History of Computing in Hungary," in IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 21, no. , pp. 49-57, 1999.