Issue No. 03 - July-September (1997 vol. 19)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/85.601727
<p><it>This paper investigates the context for the development of one of the earliest microprocessors, the Intel 4004. It considers the contributions Intel employees, most notably Marcian E. "Ted" Hoff, Jr., and Federico Faggin, made and contributions other people made to this development who are not generally known, most notably Tadashi Sasaki and Masatoshi Shima. The paper represents a case study of how corporate and national cultures affect technological development and of the many aspects of invention, including conceptualization, logical design, engineering, fabrication, capitalization, and marketing.</it></p>
W. Aspray, "The Intel 4004 Microprocessor: What Constituted Invention?," in IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 19, no. , pp. 4-15, 1997.