Issue No. 04 - Winter (1994 vol. 16)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/85.329752
<p>This article describes some of the early developments that can now be viewed as steps toward the development of program control and the modern concept of a stored program. In particular, it discusses early automatic devices, Babbage's contributions set against a background of the technology of his day, the contributions of some of his direct successors, and the genesis of the stored-program idea.</p>
B. Randell, "The Origins of Computer Programming," in IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 16, no. , pp. 6-14, 1994.