Issue No. 02 - Summer (1994 vol. 16)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/85.279227
<p>The Ferut computer was a copy of the Mark I computer at the University of Manchester. Two years after its delivery in Toronto, systems software had been developed to vastly enlarge the community of users. To go from a few dedicated programmers patient enough to deal with the extremely difficult machine code to a situation where anyone with two hours to spare could program successfully was a major advance. This article retraces the steps in this pioneering experiment in automatic programming, in which the author played a central role.</p>
J. P. Hume, "Development of Systems Software for the Ferut Computer at the University of Toronto, 1952 to 1955," in IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 16, no. , pp. 13-19, 1994.