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Issue No. 03 - July-September (1993 vol. 15)
ISSN: 1058-6180
pp: 44-54
<p>Because of changes in computer technology and terminology, it is often difficult for present-day observers to judge the significance of early digital computer projects. This article follows some architectural themes of interest, as they evolved in the design of three innovative Manchester University computers: the Mark I, Atlas, and MU5. It traces themes such as operand address generation, instruction formats, and memory management during the period from 1948 to 1975. These themes are illustrated by a set of normalized diagrams that may aid further study of the original references.</p>

S. H. Lavington, "Manchester Computer Architectures, 1948-1975," in IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 15, no. , pp. 44-54, 1993.
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