Issue No. 01 - Spring (1989 vol. 11)
<p>By the mid-1950s, computing became a radically new, highly complex, capital-intensive technology - one which required resources that universities were unable and the companies were unwilling to provide. This article tells the story of one government agency, the National Bureau of Standards, whose efforts in those early years helped to bridge this gap and to initiate modern computing.</p>
M. Gunderloy and W. Aspray, "Early Computing and Numerical Analysis at the National Bureau of Standards," in IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 11, no. , pp. 3-12, 1989.