Issue No. 03 - July-September (1981 vol. 3)
<p>This paper examines in detail the early work of Zuse, beginning with his first thoughts on mechanizing calculation in the 1930s and continuing through the completion of his general-purpose relay computer, the Z4, in 1945. The primary objective of this paper is to describe the machines Zuse constructed, but in addition it examines the social, technical, and political milieu in which he carried out his work.</p>
P. E. Ceruzzi, "The Early Computers of Konrad Zuse, 1935 to 1945," in IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 3, no. , pp. 241-262, 1981.