IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems

IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems (TPDS) is a scholarly archival journal published monthly. Parallelism and distributed computing are foundational research and technology to rapidly advance computer systems and their applications. Read the full scope of TPDS

IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems (TPDS) has moved to the OnlinePlus publication model.

From the August 2015 Issue

Exploiting Massive Parallelism for Indexing Multi-Dimensional Datasets on the GPU

By Jinwoong Kim, Won-Ki Jeong, and Beomseok Nam

Free Featured ArticleInherently multi-dimensional n-ary indexing structures such as R-trees are not well suited for the GPU because of their irregular memory access patterns and recursive back-tracking function calls. It has been known that traversing hierarchical tree structures in an irregular manner makes it difficult to exploit parallelism and to maximize the utilization of GPU processing units. Moreover, the recursive tree search algorithms often fail with large indexes because of the GPU’s tiny runtime stack size. In this paper, we propose a novel parallel tree traversal algorithm—massively parallel restart scanning (MPRS) for multi-dimensional range queries that avoids recursion and irregular memory access. The proposed MPRS algorithm traverses hierarchical tree structures with mostly contiguous memory access patterns without recursion, which offers more chances to optimize the parallel SIMD algorithm. We implemented the proposed MPRS range query processing algorithm on n-ary bounding volume hierarchies including R-trees and evaluated its performance using real scientific datasets on an NVIDIA Tesla M2090 GPU. Our experiments show braided parallel SIMD friendly MPRS range query algorithm achieves at least 80 percent warp execution efficiency while task parallel tree traversal algorithm shows only 9-15 percent efficiency. Moreover, braided parallel MPRS algorithm accesses 7-20 times less amount of global memory than task parallel parent link algorithm by virtue of minimal warp divergence.

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  • According to Thomson Reuters' 2013 Journal Citation Report, TPDS has an impact factor of 2.173.

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