IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies

IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies (TLT) is an archival journal published quarterly using a delayed open access publication model. TLT covers research on such topics as Innovative online learning systems, Intelligent tutors, Educational software applications and games, and Simulation systems for education and training.

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From the April-June 2015 issue

Measuring and Visualizing Students’ Behavioral Engagement in Writing Activities

By Ming Liu, Rafael A. Calvo, Abelardo Pardo, and Andrew Martin

Free Featured ArticleEngagement is critical to the success of learning activities such as writing, and can be promoted with appropriate feedback. Current engagement measures rely mostly on data collected by observers or self-reported by the participants. In this paper, we describe a learning analytic system called Tracer, which derives behavioral engagement measures and creates visualizations of behavioral patterns of students writing on a cloud-based application. The tool records the intermediate stages of document development and uses this data to measure learners’ behavioral engagement and derive three visualizations. Writers ($N = 23$ University students) participated in a controlled one-hour writing session in which they post-facto self-reported their level of behavioral engagement. Results show that the level of behavioral engagement automatically estimated by the system correlates with the level reported by the participants. Additionally, users stated that the visualizations were coherent with their writing activity and were useful to help them reflect on the writing process.

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IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies is a joint publication of the IEEE Computer Society and the IEEE Education Society

IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies is Indexed in ISI.