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Displaying 1-39 out of 39 total
Context-Sensitive Bayesian Classifiers and Application to Mouse Pressure Pattern Classification
Found in: Pattern Recognition, International Conference on
By Yuan Qi, Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:August 2002
pp. 30448
In this paper, we propose a new context-sensitive Bayesian learning algorithm. By modeling the distributions of data locations by a mixture of Gaussians, the new algorithm can utilize different classifier complexities for different contexts/locations and, ...
 
Introduction to the Special Section on Digital Libraries: Representation and Retrieval
Found in: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
By Rosalind W. Picard, Alex Paul Pentland
Issue Date:August 1996
pp. 769-770
No summary available.
 
Periodicity, Directionality, and Randomness: Wold Features for Image Modeling and Retrieval
Found in: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
By Fang Liu, Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:July 1996
pp. 722-733
<p><b>Abstract</b>—One of the fundamental challenges in pattern recognition is choosing a set of features appropriate to a class of problems. In applications such as database retrieval, it is important that image features used in pattern ...
 
Probabilistic Combination of Multiple Modalities to Detect Interest
Found in: Pattern Recognition, International Conference on
By Ashish Kapoor, Rosalind W. Picard, Yuri Ivanov
Issue Date:August 2004
pp. 969-972
This paper describes a new approach to combine multiple modalities and applies it to the problem of affect recognition. The problem is posed as a combination of classifiers in a probabilistic framework that naturally explains the concepts of experts and cr...
 
StartleCam: A Cybernetic Wearable Camera
Found in: Wearable Computers, IEEE International Symposium
By Jennifer Healey, Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:October 1998
pp. 42
StartleCam is a wearable video camera, computer, and sensing system, which enables the camera to be controlled via both conscious and preconscious events involving the wearer. Traditionally, a wearer consciously hits record on the video camera, or runs a c...
 
Toward an Affect-Sensitive AutoTutor
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Sidney D'Mello, Rosalind W. Picard, Arthur Graesser
Issue Date:July 2007
pp. 53-61
Emotions (affective states) are inextricably bound to the learning process, as are cognition, motivation, discourse, action, and the environment. Augmenting an intelligent tutoring system with the ability to incorporate such states into its pedagogical str...
 
Gender-Specific Approaches to Developing Emotionally Intelligent Learning Companions
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Winslow Burleson, Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:July 2007
pp. 62-69
A 2 &#215; 2 experiment investigated the effect of elements of an affective learning companion's emotional intelligence on 76 participants aged 11 to 13 during a challenging problem-solving activity. The experiment contrasted use of an agent showing se...
 
Indoor-Outdoor Image Classification
Found in: Content-Based Access of Image and Video Databases, Workshop on
By Martin Szummer, Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:January 1998
pp. 42
We show how high-level scene properties can be inferred from classification of low-level image features, specifically for the indoor-outdoor scene retrieval problem. We systematically studied the features: (1) histograms in the Ohta color space (2) multire...
 
Stress Recognition Using Wearable Sensors and Mobile Phones
Found in: 2013 Humaine Association Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction (ACII)
By Akane Sano,Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:September 2013
pp. 671-676
In this study, we aim to find physiological or behavioral markers for stress. We collected 5 days of data for 18 participants: a wrist sensor (accelerometer and skin conductance), mobile phone usage (call, short message service, location and screen on/off)...
 
Automated Coach to Practice Conversations
Found in: 2013 Humaine Association Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction (ACII)
By Mohammed Hoque,Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:September 2013
pp. 703-704
We present a real-time system including a 3D character that can converse, capture, analyze and interpret subtle and multidimensional human nonverbal behaviors for possible applications such as job interviews, public speaking, or even automated speech thera...
 
Crowdsourcing Facial Responses to Online Videos
Found in: IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing
By Daniel McDuff,Rana El Kaliouby,Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:September 2012
pp. 456-468
We present results validating a novel framework for collecting and analyzing facial responses to media content over the Internet. This system allowed 3,268 trackable face videos to be collected and analyzed in under two months. We characterize the data and...
 
Exploring Temporal Patterns in Classifying Frustrated and Delighted Smiles
Found in: IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing
By Mohammed Ehsan Hoque,Daniel J. McDuff,Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:July 2012
pp. 323-334
We create two experimental situations to elicit two affective states: frustration, and delight. In the first experiment, participants were asked to recall situations while expressing either delight or frustration, while the second experiment tried to elici...
 
Affective Computing: From Laughter to IEEE
Found in: IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing
By Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:January 2010
pp. 11-17
<p>This is an invited introduction to the first issue of the IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, telling personal stories and sharing viewpoints of a pioneer and visionary of the field of Affective Computing. This article is not intended to be ...
 
Heartphones: Sensor Earphones and Mobile Application for Non-obtrusive Health Monitoring
Found in: Wearable Computers, IEEE International Symposium
By Ming-Zher Poh, Kyunghee Kim, Andrew D. Goessling, Nicholas C. Swenson, Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:September 2009
pp. 153-154
This paper describes the development and evaluation of wearable sensor earphones coupled with a mobile platform for comfortable assessment of cardiovascular function. Photoplethysmographic sensors were integrated into regular earphones to provide discreet ...
 
The Benefits of Synchronized Genuine Smiles in Face-to-Face Service Encounters
Found in: Computational Science and Engineering, IEEE International Conference on
By Kyunghee Kim, Micah Eckhardt, Nandi Bugg, Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:August 2009
pp. 801-808
This paper examines the role of facial expressions in dyadic interactionsbetween a banking service provider and customer. We conduct experiments in which service providers manipulate their facial expressions while interacting with customers in one of three...
 
Invited Talk: An Exploratory Social-Emotional Prosthetic for Autism Spectrum Disorders
Found in: Wearable and Implantable Body Sensor Networks, International Workshop on
By Rana el Kaliouby, Alea Teeters, Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:April 2006
pp. 3-4
We describe a novel wearable device that perceives and reports on social-emotional information in realtime human interaction. Using a wearable camera and other sensors, combined with machine perception algorithms, the system records and analyzes the facial...
 
Fully Automatic Upper Facial Action Recognition
Found in: Analysis and Modeling of Faces and Gestures, IEEE International Workshop on
By Ashish Kapoor, Yuan Qi, Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:October 2003
pp. 195
This paper provides a new fully automatic framework to analyze facial action units, the fundamental building blocks of facial expression enumerated in Paul Ekman's Facial Action Coding System (FACS). The action units examined in this paper include upper fa...
 
Automated Posture Analysis for Detecting Learner?s Interest Level
Found in: Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshop
By Selene Mota, Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:June 2003
pp. 49
This paper presents a system for recognizing naturally occurring postures and associated affective states related to a child's interest level while performing a learning task on a computer. Postures are gathered using two matrices of pressure sensors mount...
 
An Affective Model of Interplay between Emotions and Learning: Reengineering Educational Pedagogy-Building a Learning Companion
Found in: Advanced Learning Technologies, IEEE International Conference on
By Barry Kort, Rob Reilly, Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:August 2001
pp. 0043
Abstract: There is an interplay between emotions and learning, but this interaction is far more complex than previous theories have articulated. This article proffers a novel model by which to: 1). regard the interplay of emotions upon learning for, 2). th...
 
Synthetic Emotion
Found in: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
By Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:January 2000
pp. 52-53
No summary available.
 
Measuring Affective-Cognitive Experience and Predicting Market Success
Found in: IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing
By Hyung-il Ahn,Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:April 2014
pp. 1-1
We present a new affective-behavioral-cognitive (ABC) framework to measure the usual cognitive self-report information and behavioral information, together with affective information while a customer makes repeated selections in a random-outcome two-option...
 
Finding Periodicity in Space and Time
Found in: Computer Vision, IEEE International Conference on
By Fang Liu, Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:January 1998
pp. 376
An algorithm for simultaneous detection, segmentation, and characterization of spatiotemporal periodicity is presented. The use of periodicity templates is proposed to localize and characterize temporal activities. The templates not only indicate the prese...
 
Establishing and maintaining long-term human-computer relationships
Found in: ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction (TOCHI)
By Rosalind W. Picard, Timothy W. Bickmore
Issue Date:June 2005
pp. 293-327
This research investigates the meaning of “human-computer relationship” and presents techniques for constructing, maintaining, and evaluating such relationships, based on research in social psychology, sociolinguistics, communication and other ...
     
MACH: my automated conversation coach
Found in: Proceedings of the 2013 ACM international joint conference on Pervasive and ubiquitous computing (UbiComp '13)
By Bilge Mutlu, Jean-Claude Martin, Matthieu Courgeon, Mohammed (Ehsan) Hoque, Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:September 2013
pp. 697-706
MACH--My Automated Conversation coacH--is a novel system that provides ubiquitous access to social skills training. The system includes a virtual agent that reads facial expressions, speech, and prosody and responds with verbal and nonverbal behaviors in r...
     
Multimodal annotation tool for challenging behaviors in people with Autism spectrum disorders
Found in: Proceedings of the 2012 ACM Conference on Ubiquitous Computing (UbiComp '12)
By Akane Sano, Javier Hernandez, Jean Deprey, Matthew S. Goodwin, Micah Eckhardt, Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:September 2012
pp. 737-740
Individuals diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) often have challenging behaviors (CB's), such as self-injury or emotional outbursts, which can negatively impact the quality of life of themselves and those around them. Recent advances in mobile a...
     
Mood meter: counting smiles in the wild
Found in: Proceedings of the 2012 ACM Conference on Ubiquitous Computing (UbiComp '12)
By Javier Hernandez, Mohammed (Ehsan) Hoque, Rosalind W. Picard, Will Drevo
Issue Date:September 2012
pp. 301-310
In this study, we created and evaluated a computer vision based system that automatically encouraged, recognized and counted smiles on a college campus. During a ten-week installation, passersby were able to interact with the system at four public location...
     
Mood Meter: large-scale and long-term smile monitoring system
Found in: ACM SIGGRAPH 2012 Emerging Technologies (SIGGRAPH '12)
By Javier Hernandez, Mohammed E. Hoque, Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:August 2012
pp. 1-1
Have you ever wondered whether it's possible to quantitatively measure how friendly or welcoming a community is? Or imagined which parts of the community are happier than others? In this work, we introduce a new technology that begins to address these ques...
     
Broadening accessibility through special interests: a new approach for software customization
Found in: Proceedings of the 12th international ACM SIGACCESS conference on Computers and accessibility (ASSETS '10)
By Connor R. Kirschbaum, Robert R. Morris, Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:October 2010
pp. 171-178
Individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often fixate on narrow, restricted interests. These interests can be highly motivating, but they can also create attentional myopia, preventing individuals from pursuing a broad range of activities....
     
Robots with emotional intelligence
Found in: Proceedings of the 4th ACM/IEEE international conference on Human robot interaction (HRI '09)
By Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:March 2009
pp. 5-6
This keynote talk will illustrate a basic set of skills of emotional intelligence, how they are important for robots and agents that interact with people, and how our research at MIT addresses part of the problem of giving robots such skills. One of the mo...
     
Common sense assistant for writing stories that teach social skills
Found in: CHI '08 extended abstracts on Human factors in computing systems (CHI '08)
By Henry Lieberman, Kyunghee Kim, Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:April 2008
pp. 49-54
People on the autistic spectrum often have difficulties with social interaction, and these difficulties are compounded when a person faces the uncertainty of not knowing what to expect in a new social setting. Detailed, step-by-step explanations of people'...
     
Multimodal affect recognition in learning environments
Found in: Proceedings of the 13th annual ACM international conference on Multimedia (MULTIMEDIA '05)
By Ashish Kapoor, Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:November 2005
pp. 677-682
We propose a multi-sensor affect recognition system and evaluate it on the challenging task of classifying interest (or disinterest) in children trying to solve an educational puzzle on the computer. The multimodal sensory information from facial expressio...
     
Predictive automatic relevance determination by expectation propagation
Found in: Twenty-first international conference on Machine learning (ICML '04)
By Rosalind W. Picard, Thomas P. Minka, Yuan (Alan) Qi, Zoubin Ghahramani
Issue Date:July 2004
pp. 182-182
In many real-world classification problems the input contains a large number of potentially irrelevant features. This paper proposes a new Bayesian framework for determining the relevance of input features. This approach extends one of the most successful ...
     
Future interfaces: social and emotional
Found in: CHI '02 extended abstracts on Human factors in computer systems (CHI '02)
By Alan Wexelblat, Clifford I. Nass I. Clifford I. Nass, Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:April 2002
pp. 698-699
This panel addresses 'science fact' for future social-emotional interfaces. We discuss new theory and upcoming interface technologies that enable or augment social-emotional interaction between people and computers, and between people via new forms of comp...
     
Expression glasses: a wearable device for facial expression recognition
Found in: CHI '99 extended abstracts on Human factors in computer systems (CHI '99)
By Jocelyn Scheirer, Raul Fernandez, Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:May 1999
pp. 262-263
Expression Glasses provide a wearable "appliance-based" alternative to general-purpose machine vision face recognition systems. The glasses sense facial muscle movements, and use pattern recognition to identify meaningful expressions such as confusion or i...
     
This computer responds to user frustration
Found in: CHI '99 extended abstracts on Human factors in computer systems (CHI '99)
By Jonathan Klein, Rosalind W. Picard, Youngme Moon
Issue Date:May 1999
pp. 242-243
A human-computer interaction (HCI) agent was designed and built to support users in their ability to recover from negative emotional states, particularly frustration. The agent uses social-affective feedback strategies delivered to the user with text-only ...
     
Frustrating the user on purpose: using biosignals in a pilot study to detect the user's emotional state
Found in: CHI 98 conference summary on Human factors in computing systems (CHI '98)
By Jocelyn Riseberg, Jonathan Klein, Raul Fernandez, Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:April 1998
pp. 227-228
We present an approach to control information flow in object-oriented systems. The decision of whether an informatin flow is permitted or denied depends on both the authorizations specified on the objects and the process by which information is obtained an...
     
Panel on affect and emotion in the user interface
Found in: Proceedings of the 3rd international conference on Intelligent user interfaces (IUI '98)
By Andrew Stern, Barbara Hayes-Roth, Christine Lisetti, Gene Ball, Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:January 1998
pp. 91-94
Simulation models of a number of computer architectures have been created using HASE,a Hierarchical Computer Architecture design and Simulation Environment,and automatially translated into WebHASE... and JavaHASE applets which can be accessed via the WWW.T...
     
Computer learning of subjectivity
Found in: ACM Computing Surveys (CSUR)
By Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:March 1988
pp. 621-623
Two-dimensional image motion is the projection of the three-dimensional motion of objects, relative to a visual sensor, onto its image plane. Sequences of time-orderedimages allow the estimation of projected two-dimensional image motion as either instantan...
     
Perceptual user interfaces: affective perception
Found in: Communications of the ACM
By Rosalind W. Picard
Issue Date:January 1988
pp. 50-51
The online Risks Forum has long been a hotbed for discussions of the relative merits of openness relating to the dissemination of knowledge about security vulnerabilities. The debate has now been rekindled, and is summarized here.
     
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