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Displaying 1-48 out of 48 total
The Emergence of Web Science
Found in: Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology, IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on
By Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:December 2008
pp. 19
There is a growing realization among many researchers that if we want to model the Web and understand its future trajectory; if we want to understand the architectural principles that have provided for its growth; and if we want to be sure that it supports...
 
Linked Data in Government
Found in: IEEE Internet Computing
By Nigel Shadbolt,Kieron O'Hara
Issue Date:July 2013
pp. 72-77
Government data is powerful, plentiful, and relevant to citizens' concerns. Making it open supports transparency, crowdsourcing data enhancement, and innovative service development. The authors review the state of linked open government data, in the contex...
 
The Web Science Observatory
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Thanassis Tiropanis,Wendy Hall,Nigel Shadbolt,David De Roure,Noshir Contractor,Jim Hendler
Issue Date:March 2013
pp. 100-104
To understand and enable the evolution of the Web and to help address grand societal challenges, the Web must be observable at scale across space and time. That requires a globally distributed and collaborative Web Observatory.
 
Linked Open Government Data: Lessons from Data.gov.uk
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Nigel Shadbolt,Kieron O'Hara,Tim Berners-Lee,Nicholas Gibbins,Hugh Glaser,Wendy Hall,m.c. schraefel
Issue Date:May 2012
pp. 16-24
A project to extract value from open government data contributes to the population of the linked data Web with high-value data of good provenance.
 
Leveraging Social Network Analysis with Topic Models and the Semantic Web
Found in: Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology, IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on
By Sebasti´n A. Ríos,Felipe Aguilera,Francisco Bustos,Tope Omitola,Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:August 2011
pp. 339-342
Social Network Analysis (SNA) and Web Mining (WM) techniques are being applied to study the structures of social networks in order to manage their dynamics and predict their evolution. This paper describes how we used Semantically-Interlinked Online Commun...
 
Measuring Expertise in Online Communities
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Ching-man Au Yeung, Michael G. Noll, Christoph Meinel, Nicholas Gibbins, Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:January 2011
pp. 26-32
<p>The Spamming-Resistant Expertise Analysis and Ranking (Spear) algorithm is more resistant to spammers than other methods such as the HITS algorithm and other statistical measures for collaborative tagging systems.</p>
 
4s-reasoner: RDFS Backward Chained Reasoning Support in 4store
Found in: Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology, IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on
By Manuel Salvadores, Gianluca Correndo, Tope Omitola, Nick Gibbins, Steve Harris, Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:September 2010
pp. 261-264
This paper describes the design and implementation of backward chained clustered RDFS reasoning in 4store. The system presented, called “4s-reasoner”, adds no overhead to the import phase and yet performs reasonably well at the query phase. We also demonst...
 
Domain-Specific Backlinking Services in the Web of Data
Found in: Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology, IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on
By Manuel Salvadores, Gianluca Correndo, Martin Szomszor, Yang Yang, Nick Gibbins, Ian Millard, Hugh Glaser, Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:September 2010
pp. 318-323
This paper describes an Open Linked Data backlinking service, a generic architecture component to support the discovery of useful links between items across highly connected data sets. Using Public Sector Information (PSI) currently available as Linked Dat...
 
The Dynamics of Trust in Cyberdomains
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Robert R. Hoffman, John D. Lee, David D. Woods, Nigel Shadbolt, Janet Miller, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw
Issue Date:November 2009
pp. 5-11
<p>In the game of cybersecurity catch-up, clever hackers repeatedly find some new malware scheme, and security people then come up with a new software or hardware patch. Although attempts to improve software and hardware must continue, what else migh...
 
Discovering and Modelling Multiple Interests of Users in Collaborative Tagging Systems
Found in: Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology, IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on
By Ching-man Au Yeung, Nicholas Gibbins, Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:December 2008
pp. 115-118
We analyse data obtained from several collaborative tagging systems and discover that user interests can be very diverse. Traditional methods for representing interests of users are usually not able to reflect such diversity. We propose a method to constru...
 
Collective User Behaviour and Tag Contextualisation in Folksonomies
Found in: Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology, IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on
By Ching Man Au Yeung, Nicholas Gibbins, Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:December 2008
pp. 659-662
Collaborative tagging systems have emerged in recent years to become popular tools for organising information on the Web. While collaborative tagging offers many advantages, they also suffer from several limitations, with a major one being the existence of...
 
A k-Nearest-Neighbour Method for Classifying Web Search Results with Data in Folksonomies
Found in: Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology, IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on
By Ching-man Au Yeung, Nicholas Gibbins, Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:December 2008
pp. 70-76
Traditional Web search engines mostly adopt a keyword-based approach. When the keyword submitted by the user is ambiguous, search result usually consists of documents related to various meanings of the keyword, while the user is probably interested in only...
 
Building a Pragmatic Semantic Web
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Harith Alani, Peter Chandler, Wendy Hall, Kieron O'Hara, Nigel Shadbolt, Martin Szomszor
Issue Date:May 2008
pp. 61-68
Semantic Web technology facilitates large-scale integration and sharing of distributed data sources. Transferring this technology from the lab environment into the real world requires careful planning to ensure the technology continues to offer a cost-effe...
 
Tag Meaning Disambiguation through Analysis of Tripartite Structure of Folksonomies
Found in: Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology, International Conference on
By Ching-man Au Yeung, Nicholas Gibbins, Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:November 2007
pp. 3-6
Collaborative tagging systems are becoming very popular recently. Web users use freely-chosen tags to describe shared resources, resulting in a folksonomy. One problem of folksonomies is that tags which appear in the same form may carry multiple meanings a...
 
The Semantic Web Revisited
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Nigel Shadbolt, Tim Berners-Lee, Wendy Hall
Issue Date:May 2006
pp. 96-101
The original Scientific American article on the Semantic Web appeared in 2001. It described the evolution of a Web that consisted largely of documents for humans to read to one that included data and information for computers to manipulate. The Semantic We...
 
Tempus Fugit
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:November 2004
pp. 2-3
This column examines connections between the subjectivity of time, consciousness, and artificial intelligence.
 
From the Editor in Chief: Plenty of Room at the Bottom
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:May 2004
pp. 2-3
Nanotechnology might be really tiny, but it has big implications for computer science and artificial intelligence.
 
CS AKTive Space, or How We Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Semantic Web
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Nigel Shadbolt, Nicholas Gibbins, Hugh Glaser, Stephen Harris, m.c. schraefel
Issue Date:May 2004
pp. 41-47
The Advanced Knowledge Technologies project is investigating how to operationalize the knowledge management mantra
 
From the Editor in Chief
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:March 2004
pp. 2-3
<p>Looking at the
 
From the Editor in Chief: Nature-Inspired Computing
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:January 2004
pp. 2-3
<p>Increased understanding of biological systems will lead to breakthroughs in computing and artificial intelligence.</p>
 
From the Editor in Chief: In Memoriam
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:November 2003
pp. 2-3
<p>Human memory is more than just file retrieval. How can we duplicate human-like memory processes on computers?</p>
 
Ontology-Based Medical Image Annotation with Description Logics
Found in: Tools with Artificial Intelligence, IEEE International Conference on
By Bo Hu, Srinandan Dasmahapatra, Paul Lewis, Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:November 2003
pp. 77
The interpretation of medical evidence is normally presented in terms of a controlled, but diversely expressed specialist vocabulary and natural language phrases. Such informally expressed data require human intervention to ascertain its relevance in any s...
 
The Quiet Revolution
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:September 2003
pp. 2-4
<p></p>
 
From the Editor in Chief: Ambient Intelligence
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:July 2003
pp. 2-3
<p>Ambient intelligence promises to seamlessly integrate artificial intelligence with your day-to-day activities.</p>
 
Someone to Watch over You
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:March 2003
pp. 2-3
No summary available.
 
Identifying Communities of Practice through Ontology Network Analysis
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Harith Alani, Srinandan Dasmahapatra, Kieron O'Hara, Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:March 2003
pp. 18-25
<p>This article describes Ontocopi, a tool for identifying communities of practice by analyzing ontologies of relevant working domains. Ontocopi spots patterns in ontological formal relations, traversing the ontology from instance to instance via sel...
 
From the Editor in Chief: Grandly Challenged
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:January 2003
pp. 2-3
<p></p>
 
Beyond Brittleness
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:November 2002
pp. 2-3
No summary available.
 
From the Editor in Chief: Conferenced Out
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:September 2002
pp. 2-3
No summary available.
 
Kids, Computers, and AI--A Safe Mix?
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:July 2002
pp. 2-3
No summary available.
 
Who Does the Science in E-Science?
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:May 2002
pp. 2-3
<p>In my July/August 2001 editorial, I discussed how grid-based computing and the e-science it supports could powerfully influence the direction, development, and deployment of intelligent systems. E-science offers a promising vision of how computer ...
 
Working Smarter, Not Harder
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:March 2002
pp. 2-3
No summary available.
 
A Matter of Trust
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:January 2002
pp. 2-3
No summary available.
 
Brute Force and Insight
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:November 2001
pp. 2-3
<p>I recently gave an introductory lecture on AI to first-year students. We reviewed some of the major trends and controversies, and developments and setbacks, of our 40-to-50-year-old discipline. It is easy to forget that these. students have been a...
 
The Shape of Things to Come
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:September 2001
pp. 2-3
It is hard, given the appalling events of the week of 10 September 2001, not to see everything in a different light. So it is in writing my editorial. Many articles in the last few issues of <i>IEEE Intelligent Systems</i> have focused on busin...
 
Switching On to the Grid
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:July 2001
pp. 2-3
Grid-based computing is needed to harness the large amounts of computing resources necessary to tackle data- and information-intensive problems. An exemplar and driving force has been the analyses required and anticipated in high-energy physics. Various ve...
 
Caught Up in the Web
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:May 2001
pp. 2-3
No summary available.
 
Constructing Knowledge-Based Systems
Found in: IEEE Software
By Nigel Shadbolt, Enrico Motta, Alain Rouge
Issue Date:November 1993
pp. 34-38
<p>Vital, a four-and-a-half-year ESPRIT II research and development project that involves nine organizations in five countries is discussed. It addresses the problems of effective process modeling for knowledge-based systems, providing guidelines on ...
 
mashpoint: browsing the web along structured lines
Found in: Adjunct proceedings of the 25th annual ACM symposium on User interface software and technology (UIST Adjunct Proceedings '12)
By Igor Popov, m.c. schraefel, Nigel Shadbolt, Wendy Hall
Issue Date:October 2012
pp. 81-82
Large numbers of Web sites support rich data-centric features to explore and interact with data. In this paper we present mashpoint, a framework that allows distributed data-powered Web applications to linked based on similarities of the entities in their ...
     
Tracing the provenance of linked data using voiD
Found in: Proceedings of the International Conference on Web Intelligence, Mining and Semantics (WIMS '11)
By Christopher Gutteridge, Hugh Glaser, Ian C. Millard, Landong Zuo, Nicholas Gibbins, Nigel Shadbolt, Tope Omitola
Issue Date:May 2011
pp. 1-7
In the open world of the (Semantic) web, a world where increasingly diverse materials from disparate sources of different qualities are being made available, an automatic mechanism for the provision of provenance information of these sources is needed. Thi...
     
SPARQL query rewriting for implementing data integration over linked data
Found in: Proceedings of the 2010 EDBT/ICDT Workshops (EDBT '10)
By Gianluca Correndo, Hugh Glaser, Ian Millard, Manuel Salvadores, Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:March 2010
pp. 1-11
There has been lately an increased activity of publishing structured data in RDF due to the activity of the Linked Data community. The presence on the Web of such a huge information cloud, ranging from academic to geographic to gene related information, po...
     
Privacy on the data web
Found in: Communications of the ACM
By Kieron O'Hara, Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:March 2010
pp. 39-41
Considering the nebulous question of ownership in the virtual realm.
     
User-induced links in collaborative tagging systems
Found in: Proceeding of the 18th ACM conference on Information and knowledge management (CIKM '09)
By Ching-man Au Yeung, Nicholas Gibbins, Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:November 2009
pp. 787-796
Collaborative tagging systems allow users to use tags to describe their favourite online documents. Two documents that are maintained in the collection of the same user and/or assigned similar sets of tags can be considered as related from the perspective ...
     
A distributed, service-based framework for knowledge applications with multimedia
Found in: ACM Transactions on Information Systems (TOIS)
By Bo Hu, David Dupplaw, Nigel Shadbolt, Paul Lewis, Srinandan Dasmahapatra
Issue Date:November 2009
pp. 1-29
The current trend in distributed systems is towards service-based integration. This article describes an ontology-driven framework implemented to provide knowledge management for data of different modalities, with multimedia processing, annotation, and rea...
     
Telling experts from spammers: expertise ranking in folksonomies
Found in: Proceedings of the 32nd international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in information retrieval (SIGIR '09)
By Ching-man Au Yeung, Christoph Meinel, Michael G. Noll, Nicholas Gibbins, Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:July 2009
pp. 435-435
With a suitable algorithm for ranking the expertise of a user in a collaborative tagging system, we will be able to identify experts and discover useful and relevant resources through them. We propose that the level of expertise of a user with respect to a...
     
Contextualising tags in collaborative tagging systems
Found in: Proceedings of the 20th ACM conference on Hypertext and hypermedia (HT '09)
By Ching-man Au Yeung, Nicholas Gibbins, Nigel Shadbolt
Issue Date:June 2009
pp. 70-73
Collaborative tagging systems are now popular tools for organising and sharing information on the Web. While collaborative tagging offers many advantages over the use of controlled vocabularies, they also suffer from problems such as the existence of polys...
     
The next wave of the web
Found in: Proceedings of the 15th international conference on World Wide Web (WWW '06)
By Claire Hart, Jim Hendler, Nigel Shadbolt, Richard Benjamins, Tim Berners-Lee
Issue Date:May 2006
pp. 750-750
The World Wide Web has been revolutionary in terms of impact, scale and outreach. At every level society has been changed in some way by the Web. This Panel will consider likely developments in this extraordinary human construct as we attempt to realise th...
     
Agent-based semantic web services
Found in: Proceedings of the twelfth international conference on World Wide Web (WWW '03)
By Nicholas Gibbins, Nigel Shadbolt, Stephen Harris
Issue Date:May 2003
pp. 710-717
The Web Services world consists of loosely-coupled distributed systems which adapt to ad-hoc changes by the use of service descriptions that enable opportunistic service discovery. At present, these service descriptions are semantically impoverished, being...
     
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