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Displaying 1-50 out of 77 total
Fault-Aware Flow Control and Multi-Path Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks
Found in: 2013 IEEE 33rd International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems Workshops (ICDCSW)
By Xiaomei Zhang, Xiaolei Dong, Jie Wu, Xiuqi Li, Naixue Xiong
Issue Date:July 2013
pp. 27-32
Maintaining an acceptable level of network performance degradation in the presence of faults has been an active research area in wireless sensor networks (WSNs). This paper proposes a scheme to optimize the total network performance by exploiting fault-awa...
 
A Study for Sentence Ordering Based on Grey Model
Found in: Asia-Pacific Conference on Services Computing. 2006 IEEE
By Gongfu Peng, Yanxiang He, Wei Zhang, Naixue Xiong, Ye Tian
Issue Date:December 2010
pp. 567-572
This paper propose a method for sentence ordering in multi-doucument summarization task, which combine support vector machine (SVM) and Grey Model(GM). Firstly, the method train the SVM with sentences of source documents and predict sentences sequence of s...
 
An Effective Method to Improve the Resistance to Frangibility in Scale-Free Networks
Found in: Computational Science and Engineering, IEEE International Conference on
By Kaihua Xu, Yongwei Meng, Yuhua Liu, Naixue Xiong, Laurence T. Yang, Meirong Zheng
Issue Date:December 2010
pp. 214-221
The scale-free networks reveals the essential characteristics of networks, which can be used to describe many realistic networks, which has a common features: The minority vertices have massive connections, the number of which may reach as high as several ...
 
Towards Free Task Overloading in Passive Replication Based Real-time Multiprocessors
Found in: Computer and Information Technology, International Conference on
By Wei Sun, Naixue Xiong, Laurence T. Yang, Chunming Rong
Issue Date:July 2010
pp. 1735-1742
In multiprocessor systems, passive replication is a technique that trades processing power for increased reliability. One approach of passive replication, called primary-backup task scheduling, is often used in real-time multiprocessor systems to ensure th...
 
The resource locating strategy based on sub-domain hybrid P2P network model
Found in: Parallel and Distributed Processing Workshops and PhD Forum, 2011 IEEE International Symposium on
By Yuhua Liu, Yuling Li,Laurence T. Yang, Naixue Xiong, Longquan Zhu, Kaihua Xu
Issue Date:April 2010
pp. 1-8
P2P networks are important parts of the next generation Internet and P2P file sharing has become one of the most important internet application systems in the world. But P2P network faces a challenge in locating resource: the unstructured P2P network has c...
 
Mesh Smoothing for Parameterized Body Model with Loop Subdivision Algorithm
Found in: Advanced Science and Technology, International e-Conference on
By Xinrong Hu, Naixue Xiong, Tai-hoon Kim, Cui Shuqin, Hui Wang, Jianchun Wang
Issue Date:March 2009
pp. 56-59
Mesh smoothing is a basic method for creating smooth surfaces out of coarse and lower resolution models. In order to smooth 3D geometrical body models, the paper proposed a mesh smoothing method of 3D body model based on the Loop subdivision. A smooth surf...
 
A New Prefetching Strategy Based on Access Density in Linux
Found in: Computer Science and its Applications, International Symposium on
By Yanxiang He, Shaohua Wan, Naixue Xiong, Jong Hyuk Park
Issue Date:October 2008
pp. 22-27
This paper presents a new access-density-based prefetching strategy to improve prefetching for the access patterns that have not been dealt with in the current Linux read-ahead algorithm. These access patterns include: reading file data backwards, reading ...
 
A Decentralized and Adaptive Flocking Algorithm for Autonomous Mobile Robots
Found in: Grid and Pervasive Computing, International Conference on
By Yan Yang, Naixue Xiong, Nak Young Chong, Xavier Défago
Issue Date:May 2008
pp. 262-268
Recently, flocking of a group of mobile robots is gained a lot of attentions due to its wide applications, such as manufacturing, surveillance and space exploration. It is necessary for all robots to adapt to the complex environment during flocking. In thi...
 
Selecting News and Elders in Unstructured Peer-to-Peer Network under Churn
Found in: Advanced Information Networking and Applications Workshops, International Conference on
By Yanxiang He, Haowen Liu, Naixue Xiong, Laurence T. Yang
Issue Date:March 2008
pp. 1579-1584
The concept of Churn is the continuous process of node arrival and departure in distributed peer-to-peer network. There exists two extreme cases. The first one is that enormous nodes joining the system concurrently, which results in a flash crowd scenario ...
 
Distributed Access Scheduling Algorithms in Wireless Mesh Networks
Found in: Advanced Information Networking and Applications, International Conference on
By Hongju Cheng, Naixue Xiong, Laurence T. Yang
Issue Date:March 2008
pp. 509-516
In this paper we have considered the distributed scheduling problem for channel access in wireless mesh networks. The problem is to assign time-slots for each node in the network to access the control channels so that it is guaranteed that each node can br...
 
Wireless Service Attributes Classification and Matching Mechanism Based on Decision Tree
Found in: Advanced Information Networking and Applications Workshops, International Conference on
By Min Peng, Laurence T. Yang, Wuqing Zhao, Naixue Xiong
Issue Date:March 2008
pp. 12-17
In this paper, SeviceCuts, a decision tree based model is proposed, considering the special attributes of wireless service and the normal need of users, helping service decision Agent classify the wireless services adaptively. The decision tree is traverse...
 
Comparative Analysis of QoS and Memory Usage of Adaptive Failure Detectors
Found in: Pacific Rim International Symposium on Dependable Computing, IEEE
By Naixue Xiong, Y. Yang, Xavier Defago
Issue Date:December 2007
pp. 27-34
This paper compares several parametric and adaptive failure detection schemes in terms of their respective QoS. We introduce an improvement over existing methods, and evaluate their benefits. First, we propose an optimization to enhance the adaptation of C...
 
Secure Data Aggregation in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey
Found in: Parallel and Distributed Computing Applications and Technologies, International Conference on
By Yingpeng Sang, Hong Shen, Yasushi Inoguchi, Yasuo Tan, Naixue Xiong
Issue Date:December 2006
pp. 315-320
Data aggregation is a widely used technique in wireless sensor networks. The security issues, data confidentiality and integrity, in data aggregation become vital when the sensor network is deployed in a hostile environment. There has been many related wor...
 
An Energy-Efficient Dynamic Power Management in Wireless Sensor Networks
Found in: Parallel and Distributed Computing, International Symposium on
By Chuan Lin, Yan-Xiang He, Naixue Xiong
Issue Date:July 2006
pp. 148-154
Wireless sensor networks play a key role in monitoring remote or inhospitable physical environments. One of the most important constraints is the energy efficiency problem. Power conservation and power management must be taken into account at all levels of...
 
On the Quality of Service of Failure Detectors Based on Control Theory
Found in: Advanced Information Networking and Applications, International Conference on
By Naixue Xiong, Yan Yang, Jianxun Chen, Yanxiang He
Issue Date:April 2006
pp. 75-80
<p> The detection of failures is a fundamental issue for fault tolerance in distributed systems. Recently, many people have come to realize that failure detection ought to be provided as some form of generic service, similar to IP address lookup. How...
 
LRC-RED: A Self-tuning Robust and Adaptive AQM Scheme
Found in: Parallel and Distributed Computing Applications and Technologies, International Conference on
By Naixue Xiong, Yan Yang, Xavier Defago, Yanxiang He
Issue Date:December 2005
pp. 655-659
In this paper, we propose a novel active queue management (AQM) scheme based on the Random Early Detection (RED) of the loss ratio and the total sending rate control, called LRC-RED, to regulate the queue length with small variation and to achieve high uti...
 
A Class of Non-statistical Traffic Anomaly Detection in Complex Network Systems
Found in: 2012 32nd International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems Workshops (ICDCS Workshops)
By Wenlin Han,Wei Xiong,Yang Xiao,Magdy Ellabidy,Athanasios V. Vasilakos,Naixue Xiong
Issue Date:June 2012
pp. 640-646
Recently Network traffic anomaly detection has become a popular research tendency, as it can detect new attack types in real time. The real-time network traffic anomaly detection is still an unsolved problem of network security. The network traffic appears...
 
A Bare-Metal and Asymmetric Partitioning Approach to Client Virtualization
Found in: IEEE Transactions on Services Computing
By Yuezhi Zhou,Yaoxue Zhang,Hao Liu,Naixue Xiong,Athanasios V. Vasilakos
Issue Date:January 2014
pp. 40-53
Advancements in cloud computing enable the easy deployment of numerous services. However, the analysis of cloud service access platforms from a client perspective shows that maintaining and managing clients remain a challenge for end users. In this paper, ...
 
A Specific Scheme for Rate-Controlled Smooth Scheduling Based on Timeslot-Iteration
Found in: 2013 IEEE 8th International Conference on Networking, Architecture, and Storage (NAS)
By Ji Li,Zheng Wan,Zhonghua Li,Naixue Xiong
Issue Date:July 2013
pp. 81-87
Packet schedulers are the key to guarantee quality of service in computer networks. The rate-controlled EDF schedulers embrace the good characteristics of output smoothness. But the methods used in the existing EDF schedulers to calculate eligible time are...
 
An Efficient Scheduling Model for Broadcasting in Wireless Sensor Networks
Found in: 2013 IEEE International Symposium on Parallel & Distributed Processing, Workshops and Phd Forum (IPDPSW)
By Hongju Cheng,Naixue Xiong,Xingbo Huang,Laurence T. Yang
Issue Date:May 2013
pp. 1417-1428
Energy efficiency is especially important to the broadcasting operation in wireless sensor networks. It helps to reduce the energy consumption by minimizing the number of relay nodes during the broadcast process in case that the transmission range is ident...
 
Briareus: Accelerating Python Applications with Cloud
Found in: 2013 IEEE International Symposium on Parallel & Distributed Processing, Workshops and Phd Forum (IPDPSW)
By Zhaomeng Zhu,Gongxuan Zhang,Yongping Zhang,Jian Guo,Naixue Xiong
Issue Date:May 2013
pp. 1449-1456
Briareus provides convenient tools to make use of computing resources provided by cloud to accelerate Python applications. In this paper, three techniques are presented. First, some of the functions in a Python program can be migrated to cloud and be evalu...
 
RFH: A Resilient, Fault-Tolerant and High-Efficient Replication Algorithm for Distributed Cloud Storage
Found in: 2012 41st International Conference on Parallel Processing (ICPP)
By Yanzhen Qu,Naixue Xiong
Issue Date:September 2012
pp. 520-529
To avoid failure and achieve higher availability, replication scheme is now widely used in distributed Cloud storage systems [25]. However, most of them only statically replicate data on some randomly chosen nodes for a fixed number of times and it is obvi...
 
Energy-Efficient Routing and Rate Allocation for Delay Tolerant Networks
Found in: 2012 32nd International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems Workshops (ICDCS Workshops)
By Yuanyuan Zeng,Jie Wu,Naixue Xiong,Deshi Li
Issue Date:June 2012
pp. 260-266
Routing for Delay Tolerant Networks (DTNs) are challengeable for the continuously varied network environment. Most of existing DTN routing algorithms mainly focus on metrics such as delay, hop count and bandwidth, etc. Green communication is a new focus wi...
 
An Efficient Detecting Communities Algorithm with Self-Adapted Fuzzy C-Means Clustering in Complex Networks
Found in: 2012 IEEE 11th International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications (TrustCom)
By Jianzhi Jin,Yuhua Liu,Laurence T. Yang,Naixue Xiong,Fang Hu
Issue Date:June 2012
pp. 1988-1993
Community structure is an important characteristic in real complex networks, meaning the networks are divided naturally into modules or communities, groups of vertices with relatively dense connections within groups but sparser connections between them. Fu...
 
A Self-tuning Failure Detection Scheme for Cloud Computing Service
Found in: 2012 IEEE International Symposium on Parallel & Distributed Processing (IPDPS)
By Naixue Xiong,Athanasios V. Vasilakos,Jie Wu,Y. Richard Yang,Andy Rindos,Yuezhi Zhou,Wen-Zhan Song,Yi Pan
Issue Date:May 2012
pp. 668-679
Cloud computing is an increasingly important solution for providing services deployed in dynamically scalable cloud networks. Services in the cloud computing networks may be virtualized with specific servers which host abstracted details. Some of the serve...
 
An Effective Self-adaptive Load Balancing Algorithm for Peer-to-Peer Networks
Found in: 2012 26th IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium Workshops (IPDPSW)
By Naixue Xiong,Kaihua Xu,Lilong Chen,Laurence T. Yang,Yuhua Liu
Issue Date:May 2012
pp. 1425-1432
The field of parallel and distributed computing has become increasingly significant as recent advances in electronic and integrated circuit technologies. Peer-to-Peer (P2P) cloud computing networks are the largest contributor of network traffic on the Inte...
 
Design and Analysis of a MST-Based Topology Control Scheme with PSO for Wireless Sensor Networks
Found in: Asia-Pacific Conference on Services Computing. 2006 IEEE
By Wenzhong Guo,Jong Hyuk Park,Laurence T. Yang,Athanasios V. Vasilakos,Naixue Xiong,Guolong Chen
Issue Date:December 2011
pp. 360-367
Topology control is one of the most fundamental problems in wireless sensor networks (WSNs). It is of great importance for prolonging network lifetime, reducing radio interference and energy consumption, increasing the efficiency of media access control (M...
 
Network Coding Data Collecting Mechanism Based on Prioritized Degree Distribution in Wireless Sensor Network
Found in: Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing, IEEE/IFIP International Conference on
By Wei Zhang,Xianghua Xu,Qinchao Zhang,Jian Wan,Naixue Xiong
Issue Date:October 2011
pp. 350-357
Wireless sensor network (WSN) is a typical distributed storage system, and network coding technology is developed to enhance the data persistence of WSN. However, the traditional distributed coding strategy may cause serious
 
GPU Acceleration for GRAPES Meteorological Model
Found in: High Performance Computing and Communications, 10th IEEE International Conference on
By Zhuowei Wang,Xianbin Xu,Naixue Xiong,Laurence T. Yang,Wuqing Zhao
Issue Date:September 2011
pp. 365-372
There is heavy computation involved in Global / Regional Assimilation and Prediction System (GRAPES) which is a typical non-linear discrete system of the Earth's atmosphere developed for numerical weather prediction. Researchers have recently paid a lot of...
 
An Efficient Search Algorithm without Memory for Peer-to-Peer Cloud Computing Networks
Found in: Parallel and Distributed Processing Workshops and PhD Forum, 2011 IEEE International Symposium on
By Naixue Xiong,Yuhua Liu,Shishun Wu,Laurence T. Yang,Kaihua Xu
Issue Date:May 2011
pp. 1452-1457
In recent years, as the rapid development of the technology about Peer-to-Peer (P2P) networks and the cloud computing technology, various applications of P2P technology become very widespread in most cloud computing distributed network applications. P2P cl...
 
SC-OA: A Secure and Efficient Scheme for Origin Authentication of Interdomain Routing in Cloud Computing Networks
Found in: Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, International
By Zhongjian Le,Naixue Xiong,Bo Yang,Yuezhi Zhou
Issue Date:May 2011
pp. 243-254
IP prefix hijacking is one of the top threats in the cloud computing Internets. Based on cryptography, many schemes for preventing prefix hijacks have been proposed. Securing binding between IP prefix and its owner underlies these schemes. We believe that ...
 
Research on Mining Rules from Multi-criterion Group Decision Making Based on Genetic Algorithms
Found in: Computational Science and Engineering, IEEE International Conference on
By Xinqiao Yu, Naixue Xiong, Wei Zhang
Issue Date:December 2010
pp. 302-307
Multiple Criterion Group Decision Making (MCGDM) which is based on the procedure has the virtue of drawing on the wisdom of masses with the defect of time and resource wasting. Then the experience of the historical MCGDM processes as the collective knowled...
 
Analysis of Parallel Algorithms for Energy Conservation with GPU
Found in: IEEE-ACM International Conference on Green Computing and Communications and International Conference on Cyber, Physical and Social Computing
By Zhuowei Wang, Xianbin Xu, Naixue Xiong, Laurence T. Yang, Wuqing Zhao
Issue Date:December 2010
pp. 155-162
GPU has recently gained considerable attention in getting significant performance, for application raging from scientific computing to database sorting and search. General-purpose computing on GPU can easily reduce the execution time but results in an asso...
 
Petri Net Modeling of the Reconfigurable Protocol Stack for Cloud Computing Control Systems
Found in: Cloud Computing Technology and Science, IEEE International Conference on
By Hui Chen, Chunjie Zhou, Yuanqing Qin, Art Vandenberg, Athanasios V. Vasilakos, Naixue Xiong
Issue Date:December 2010
pp. 393-400
The Industrial Ethernet is promising for the implementation of a Cloud Computing based control system. However, numerous standard organizations and vendors have developed various Industrial Ethernets to satisfy the real-time requirements of field devices. ...
 
A Reliable Energy Efficient Algorithm for Target Coverage in Wireless Sensor Networks
Found in: Distributed Computing Systems Workshops, International Conference on
By Jing He, Naixue Xiong, Yang Xiao, Yi Pan
Issue Date:June 2010
pp. 180-188
A critical aspect of applications in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) is network lifetime. Power-constrained WSNs are usable as long as they can communicate sensed data to a processing node. Poor communication links and hazard environment make the WSNs unre...
 
A Survey on Multimedia Communicating Technology Based on Spatial Audio Coding
Found in: Advanced Information Networking and Applications, International Conference on
By Naixue Xiong, Shuixian Chen, Jing He, Yanxiang He, Athanasios T. Vasilakos, Jong Hyuk Park, Yan Yang
Issue Date:April 2010
pp. 675-681
Spatial Audio Coding (SAC) is an emerging technology with a distinguishing feature of delivering good even excellent audio quality at monotonic or stereo bitrate of conventional perceptual transform coders. By a systematic exploitation of spatial hearing, ...
 
Global Top-k Aggregate Queries Based on X-tuple in Uncertain Database
Found in: Advanced Information Networking and Applications Workshops, International Conference on
By Dexi Liu, Changxuan Wan, Naixue Xiong, Jong Hyuk Park, Sang-Soo Yeoe
Issue Date:April 2010
pp. 814-821
A Top-k aggregate query, which is a powerful technique when dealing with large quantity of data, ranks groups of tuples by their aggregate values and returns k groups with the highest aggregate values. However, compared to Top-k in traditional databases, q...
 
Performance Evaluation of an Optimized Load Allocation Approach for Web Server Clusters
Found in: Advanced Information Networking and Applications Workshops, International Conference on
By Yan Yang, Fei Yang, Ailixier Aikebaier, Naixue Xiong, Tomoya Enokido, Makoto Takizawa
Issue Date:April 2010
pp. 36-41
Energy efficiency is a very important issue to keep the ''Green
 
Context-Aware Middleware for Multimedia Services in Heterogeneous Networks
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Liang Zhou, Naixue Xiong, Lei Shu, Athanasios Vasilakos, Sang-Soo Yeo
Issue Date:March 2010
pp. 40-47
<p>This context-aware middleware system facilitates diverse multimedia services in heterogeneous-network environments by combining an adaptive service-provisioning middleware framework with a context-aware multimedia middleware framework.</p>
 
A Distributed Efficient Flow Control Scheme for Multirate Multicast Networks
Found in: IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems
By Naixue Xiong, Xiaohua Jia, Laurence T. Yang, Athanasios V. Vasilakos, Yingshu Li, Yi Pan
Issue Date:September 2010
pp. 1254-1266
This paper proposes a novel and efficient distributed flow control scheme for multirate multicast (MR-M), based on the well-known Proportional Integral and Derivative (PID) controllers. The PID controller at each router computes its expected incoming rate ...
 
Robust Optimization on Across-Chain Inventory Control of Cluster Supply Chains
Found in: Computational Science and Engineering, IEEE International Conference on
By Jizi Li, Naixue Xiong, Chunling Liu, Linfu Sun, Ming Cao, Shaohua Wan
Issue Date:August 2009
pp. 265-270
On basis of cluster supply chain with two four-echelon single supply chains, cross-chain inventory coordination between two retailers is taken into account on condition of the two supply chains co-petition. The time-varying robust control system model is b...
 
Edge Detection Based on Fast Adaptive Mean Shift Algorithm
Found in: Computational Science and Engineering, IEEE International Conference on
By Yong Zhu, Ruhan He, Naixue Xiong, Pu Shi, Zhiguang Zhang
Issue Date:August 2009
pp. 1034-1039
Edge detection is arguably the most important operation in low level computer vision. Mean shift is an effective iterative algorithm widely used in edge detection. But the cost of computation prohibits Mean shift algorithm for high dimensions feature space...
 
VFT: An Ontology-Based Tool for Visualization and Formalization of Web Service Composition
Found in: Computational Science and Engineering, IEEE International Conference on
By Chao Ma, Yanxiang He, Naixue Xiong, Laurence T. Yang
Issue Date:August 2009
pp. 271-276
Web services provide an avenue of the loosely coupled service-oriented architecture and facilitate the process of enterprise application integration by encapsulating information, software and other existing resources. To exploit the true potential of web s...
 
Prediction and Key Computer Programming of Mechanical Properties of Hot Rolled Plate Based on BP Neural Network
Found in: Computational Science and Engineering, IEEE International Conference on
By Qinghua Zou, Li Chen, Naixue Xiong, Shengzhong Zou, Chuanbing Wang
Issue Date:August 2009
pp. 967-971
Based on the theory of artificial neural network,BP algorithm is used for the training of networks,and the relationship between the controlling parameters in hot rolling (temperature, rolling press, chemical composition, cooling rate, etc) and the paramete...
 
Implementation of Rate Control in Distributed Wireless Multicast by Neural Network Prediction
Found in: Computational Science and Engineering, IEEE International Conference on
By Naixue Xiong, Laurence T. Yang, Yuanyuan Zeng, Ma Chao, Jong Hyuk Park
Issue Date:August 2009
pp. 117-124
Recently considerable efforts have focused on the design of self-adaptive flow control schemes for wireless multicast service. This attention is significantly necessary due to the large scale heterogeneous wireless multicast receivers, especially those wit...
 
A Survey on Fault-Tolerance in Distributed Network Systems
Found in: Computational Science and Engineering, IEEE International Conference on
By Naixue Xiong, Yan Yang, Ming Cao, Jing He, Lei Shu
Issue Date:August 2009
pp. 1065-1070
In this paper, we give a survey on fault tolerant issue in distributed systems. More specially speaking, we talk about one important and basic component called failure detection, which is to detect the failure of the process quickly and accurately. Thus, a...
 
Supply Chain Design Model Based on Multi-supply Hubs
Found in: Computational Science and Engineering, IEEE International Conference on
By Jizi Li, Naixue Xiong, Linfu Sun, Aping Yuan, Jingyi Chen, Ming Cao
Issue Date:August 2009
pp. 449-454
In order to explore the impact of upstream structural on supply chain design, Taking into consideration that the relationship between bill of material (BOM) and multi-hierarchical suppliers, based on the supply chain design with single supply hub model, th...
 
Mobile Agent-Based Data Gathering for Web Image Retrieval
Found in: Computational Science and Engineering, IEEE International Conference on
By Ruhan He, Yong Zhu, Naixue Xiong, Wei Zhan, Yanjun Zhao
Issue Date:August 2009
pp. 1024-1029
A mobile agent based data gathering system for Web image retrieval is proposed in this paper. In our system, the data gathering system are implemented as mobile agents that can run on the remote servers, which lead to most computing intensive tasks, i.e. f...
 
Computer Calculation and Plotting on Dynamical Phase Diagrams of Carbon Steel
Found in: Computational Science and Engineering, IEEE International Conference on
By Qing-hua Zou, Li Chen, Naixue Xiong, Sheng-zhong Zou, Chuan-bing Wang
Issue Date:August 2009
pp. 1055-1064
The new type dynamic phase diagrams and the nonequilibrium lever principle of carbon steel have been established and discussed, the corresponding structures and chemical compositions are analyzed. The computer calculation programming of phase diagram and m...
 
Analysis and Synthesis of Spatial Parameters Using MDCT
Found in: Multimedia and Ubiquitous Engineering, International Conference on
By Shuixian Chen, Ruimin Hu, Jong Hyuk Park, Naixue Xiong, Sang-Soo Yeo
Issue Date:June 2009
pp. 18-21
We present a method of analyzing and synthesizing spatial parameters using only Modified Discrete Domain Transform (MDCT). Combing it with Modified Discrete Sine Transform (MDST) enables spatial parameters representation. And instead of direct transforming...
 
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