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Displaying 1-26 out of 26 total
The Development of Computer Programming in Britain (1945 to 1955)
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:April 1982
pp. 121-139
<p>By 1950 there were three influential centers of programming in Britain where working computers had been constructed: Cambridge University (the EDSAC), Manchester University (the Mark I), and the National Physical Laboratory (the Pilot ACE). At eac...
 
Number Crunching without Programming: The Evolution of Spreadsheet Usability
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:July 2007
pp. 6-19
The first personal-computer spreadsheet, VisiCalc, was launched in May 1979. During the next decade, the spreadsheet evolved from a simple calculating aid to an indispensable tool of modern business, employed by tens of millions of users who had little or ...
 
The History of the History of Software
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:October 2007
pp. 40-51
Just as the fields of software and hardware development have evolved, the field of software history has likewise matured. At first, the history of software was exclusively focused on technology. Later, there were historical explorations of the software ind...
 
Programming the Pilot ACE: Early Programming Activity at the National Physics Laboratory
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:April 1981
pp. 133-162
<p>The design of the ACE was the subject of a report written by A M Turing in 1945. A pilot model of the ACE was completed at the National Physical Laboratory, England, in late 1951. By early 1952 a basic programming system had been established and t...
 
The Airy Tape: An Early Chapter in the History of Debugging
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:October 1992
pp. 16-26
<p>This article describes the discovery of a paper-tape
 
Beautiful Numbers: The Rise and Decline of the British Association Mathematical Tables Committee, 1871-1965
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By Mary Croarken, Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:October 2000
pp. 44-61
<p>The Mathematical Tables Committee of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, and latterly of the Royal Society, led British table making activity for nearly a century. During this period, table making evolved from the private passi...
 
The RDBMS Industry: A Northern California Perspective
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:October 2012
pp. 18-29
This article describes the origins and development of the relational database management systems (RDBMS) industry, focusing on the firms IBM, Oracle, Ingres, Informix, and Sybase in the 1980s. The author analyzes the industry's evolution in terms of the di...
 
Charles Babbage and the Assurance of Lives
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:September 1994
pp. 5-14
<p>In 1824 Charles Babbage was appointed actuary of the Protector Life Assurance Society of London, which led him to prepare a new set of life tables and undertake a study of the life insurance industry. He subsequently wrote his well-known book the ...
 
The Charles Babbage Institute Reprint Series for the History of Computing
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:October 2001
pp. 44-48
<p>The CBI Reprint Series was established in 1981 to make available key works in the history of computing field that warranted a wider distribution and accessibility than available at the time. This article describes the origins and development of th...
 
Data Communications at the National Physical Laboratory (1965-1975)
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:July 1987
pp. 221-247
<p>This paper describes the data communications activity at the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) during the period 1965-1975. The key feature of the NPL work was the development of the principle of packet switching, which was first proposed in a da...
 
Christopher Strachey, 1916-1975: A Biographical Note
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:January 1985
pp. 19-42
<p>Christopher Strachey was one of the most original computer scientists of his generation: his fields were computer design and programming, and he made important contributions to them both. He liked to say (not quite accurately) that he had changed ...
 
Programming the Mark I: Early Programming Activity at the University of Manchester
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:April 1980
pp. 130-168
<p>Computer activity at Manchester University began in 1946 with the construction of a CRT-based memory, which was followed by a series of prototype computers. The work culminated in the Ferranti Mark I, completed in early 1951. This paper describes ...
 
Charles Babbage's Table of Logarithms (1827)
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:July 1988
pp. 159-169
<p>In 1827 Charles Babbage published his Table of Logarithms of the Natural Numbers, from 1 to 108,000. His logarithms were generally considered to be the most accurate in his day and were reprinted on numerous occasions, well into the 20th century. ...
 
Programming the EDSAC: Early Programming Activity at the University of Cambridge
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:January 1980
pp. 7-36
<p>The EDSAC computer was completed at Cambridge University, England, in May 1949. By early 1950 a programming system had been set up and the EDSAC began to attract a number of regular users. This article describes the development of the programming ...
 
Think Piece
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:January 2002
pp. 96, 95
No summary available.
 
Reviews
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By Peggy Kidwell, Peter Robin Morris, Martin Campbell-Kelly, Arthur L. Norberg, Janet Abbate, Keith Smillie
Issue Date:April 2000
pp. 75-80
<p>The Reviews Department includes reviews of publications, films, audio and video tapes, and exhibits relating to the history of computing. Full-length studies of technical, economic, business, and institutional aspects or other works of interest to...
 
Programming the EDSAC: Early Programming Activity at the University of Cambridge
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:October 1998
pp. 46-67
<p>The EDSAC computer was completed at Cambridge University, England, in May 1949. By early 1950, a programming system had been set up, and the EDSAC began to attract a number of regular users. This article describes the development of the programmin...
 
Introduction: Computing at the University of Cambridge
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:October 1992
pp. 8-9
No summary available.
 
Twin Pillars of Computing
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:July 2002
pp. 88, 87
No summary available.
 
Alan Turing's other universal machine
Found in: Communications of the ACM
By Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:July 2012
pp. 31-33
Reflections on the Turing ACE computer and its influence.
     
In praise of 'Wilkes, Wheeler, and Gill'
Found in: Communications of the ACM
By Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:September 2011
pp. 25-27
Reflections on the first textbook on programming.
     
Victorian data processing
Found in: Communications of the ACM
By Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:October 2010
pp. 19-21
Reflections on the first payment systems.
     
Be careful what you wish for
Found in: Communications of the ACM
By Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:April 2010
pp. 25-26
Reflections on the decline of mathematical tables.
     
Historical reflectionsComputing in the depression era
Found in: Communications of the ACM
By Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:October 2009
pp. 21-22
Insights from difficult times in the computer industry.
     
Historical reflectionsThe rise, fall, and resurrection of software as a service
Found in: Communications of the ACM
By Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:May 2009
pp. 101-104
A look at the volatile history of remote computing and online software services.
     
Historical reflectionsWill the future of software be open source?
Found in: Communications of the ACM
By Martin Campbell-Kelly
Issue Date:October 2008
pp. 21-23
Tracing the course of influential computing developments and considering possible paths to new paradigms.
     
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