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Displaying 1-41 out of 41 total
Policy-Based Governance within Luna: Why We Developed Yet Another Agent Framework
Found in: 2012 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Joint Conferences on Web Intelligence (WI) and Intelligent Agent Technologies (IAT)
By Larry Bunch,Jeffrey M. Bradshaw,Tom Eskridge,Paul J. Feltovich,James Lott,Andrzej Uszok,Marco Carvalho
Issue Date:December 2012
pp. 250-256
In this article, we explain our rationale for the development of Luna, a software agent framework. In particular, we focus on how we use capabilities for comprehensive policy-based governance to ensure that key requirements for security, declarative specif...
 
Policy Management across Multiple Platforms and Application Domains
Found in: Policies for Distributed Systems and Networks, IEEE International Workshop on
By Matthew Johnson, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Hyuckchul Jung, Niranjan Suri, Marco Carvalho
Issue Date:June 2008
pp. 199-202
One of the challenges of building a policy management framework is making it flexible enough to handle differences in both policy semantics and enforcement strategies across multiple platforms and application domains. The system must be expressive enough i...
 
Enforcement of Communications Policies in Software Agent Systems through Mobile Code
Found in: Policies for Distributed Systems and Networks, IEEE International Workshop on
By Niranjan Suri, Marco Carvalho, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Maggie R. Breedy, Thomas B. Cowin, Paul T. Groth, Raul Saavedra, Andrzej Uszok
Issue Date:June 2003
pp. 247
This paper introduces the use of mobile agents as the mechanism for policy enforcement in multi-agent multi-domain systems. The focus is on the effective application of communication policies in the setup and maintenance of spanning data streams that cross...
 
Trust in Automation
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Robert R. Hoffman,Matthew Johnson,Jeffrey M. Bradshaw,Al Underbrink
Issue Date:January 2013
pp. 84-88
This essay focuses on trust in the automation within macrocognitive work systems. The authors emphasize the dynamics of trust. They consider numerous different meanings or kinds of trust, and different modes of operation in which trust dynamics play a role...
 
Command and Control Requirements for Moving-Target Defense
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Marco Carvalho,Jeffrey M. Bradshaw,Larry Bunch,Tom Eskridge,Paul J. Feltovich,Robert R. Hoffman,Daniel Kidwell
Issue Date:May 2012
pp. 79-85
The macrocognitive workplace is constantly changing, and a work system can never match its environment completely; there are always gaps in fitness because the work is itself a moving target. This article looks at a domain where the workplace is a moving t...
 
Beyond Cooperative Robotics: The Central Role of Interdependence in Coactive Design
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Matthew Johnson, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Paul J. Feltovich, Robert R. Hoffman, Catholijn Jonker, Birna van Riemsdijk, Maarten Sierhuis
Issue Date:May 2011
pp. 81-88
<p>As automation becomes more sophisticated, the nature of its interaction with people will need to change in profound ways. Many approaches to designing more team-like cooperation between humans and machines have been proposed&#x2014;most recent...
 
Metrics, Metrics, Metrics, Part 2: Universal Metrics?
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Robert R. Hoffman,Peter A. Hancock,Jeffrey M. Bradshaw
Issue Date:November 2010
pp. 93-96, c3
This second essay in the series focuses on the
 
The Dynamics of Trust in Cyberdomains
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Robert R. Hoffman, John D. Lee, David D. Woods, Nigel Shadbolt, Janet Miller, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw
Issue Date:November 2009
pp. 5-11
<p>In the game of cybersecurity catch-up, clever hackers repeatedly find some new malware scheme, and security people then come up with a new software or hardware patch. Although attempts to improve software and hardware must continue, what else migh...
 
Agents for the Masses?
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Mark Greaves, Heather Holmback, Tom Karygiannis, Wayne Jansen, Barry G. Silverman, Niranjan Suri, Alex Wong
Issue Date:March 1999
pp. 53-63
<p>Agent technology is in a state of paradox. The field has never enjoyed more energy and concomitant research progress, and yet the rate of uptake of new research results in fielded systems has been glacially slow. The few agents in the real world o...
 
The Borg Hypothesis
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Robert R. Hoffman, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Patrick J. Hayes, Kenneth M. Ford
Issue Date:September 2003
pp. 73-75
<p></p>
 
KAoS Policy Management for Semantic Web Services
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Andrzej Uszok, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Matthew Johnson, Renia Jeffers, Austin Tate, Jeff Dalton, Stuart Aitken
Issue Date:July 2004
pp. 32-41
KAoS policy and domain services help with policy specification, analysis, disclosure, and enforcement of policies for Semantic Web Services. The authors describe these capabilities in the context of three example applications: Grid Policy Management, Coali...
 
Agile Computing: Bridging the Gap between Grid Computing and Ad-hoc Peer-to-Peer Resource Sharing
Found in: Cluster Computing and the Grid, IEEE International Symposium on
By Niranjan Suri, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Marco M. Carvalho, Thomas B. Cowin, Maggie R. Breedy, Paul T. Groth, Raul Saavedra
Issue Date:May 2003
pp. 618
Agile computing may be defined as opportunistically (or on user demand) discovering and taking advantage of available resources in order to improve capability, performance, efficiency, fault tolerance, and survivability. The term agile is used to highlight...
 
Extending Net-Centricity to Coalition Operations
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Niranjan Suri,Andrzej Uszok,Rita Lenzi,Maggie Breedy,Jeffrey M. Bradshaw,Yat Fu,James Hanna,Vaughn T. Combs,Asher Sinclair,Robert Grant
Issue Date:January 2013
pp. 64-71
To bring the advantages of network-centric warfare to coalition warfighting, we must significantly improve our ability to quickly share critical information while still satisfying security requirements. Here, the authors explore a services-based approach t...
 
Knowledge-Based Approaches to Information Management in Coalition Environments
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Andrzej Uszok,Larry Bunch,Jeffrey M. Bradshaw,Thomas Reichherzer,James Hanna,Albert Frantz
Issue Date:January 2013
pp. 34-41
The community of interest information-sharing model lets coalition partners publish and disseminate data in a controlled fashion. In this vein, the authors have extended the Phoenix information management system to improve document selection and filtering.
 
Explanation and Coordination in Human-Agent Teams: A Study in the BW4T Testbed
Found in: Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology, IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on
By Maaike Harbers,Jeffrey M. Bradshaw,Matthew Johnson,Paul Feltovich,Karel van den Bosch,John-Jules Meyer
Issue Date:August 2011
pp. 17-20
There are several applications in which humans and agents jointly perform a task. If the task involves interdependence among the team members, coordination is required to achieve good team performance. Coordination in human-agent teams can be improved by g...
 
Assessing Human-Agent Teams for Future Space Missions
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Nanja Smets, Jeffrey M Bradshaw, Jurriaan van Diggelen, Catholijn Jonker, Mark A. Neerincx, Lennard J.V. de Rijk, Pieter A.M. Senster, Maarten Sierhuis, Ot ten Thije
Issue Date:September 2010
pp. 46-53
Running computer simulations of work practices early on lets researchers test human-agent teams in dangerous, complex environments by incrementally increasing fidelity, adding realistic features, and incorporating human participants.
 
New Developments in Ontology-Based Policy Management: Increasing the Practicality and Comprehensiveness of KAoS
Found in: Policies for Distributed Systems and Networks, IEEE International Workshop on
By Andrzej Uszok, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, James Lott, Maggie Breedy, Larry Bunch, Paul Feltovich, Matthew Johnson, Hyuckchul Jung
Issue Date:June 2008
pp. 145-152
The KAoS policy management framework pioneered the use of semantically-rich ontological representation and reasoning to specify, analyze, deconflict, and enforce policies. The framework has continued to evolve over the last five years, inspired by both tec...
 
Representing Context for Multiagent Trust Modeling
Found in: Intelligent Agent Technology, IEEE / WIC / ACM International Conference on
By Martin Rehak, Milos Gregor, Michal Pechoucek, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw
Issue Date:December 2006
pp. 737-746
We present a universal mechanism that can be combined with existing trust models to extend their capabilities towards efficient modelling of the situational (context-dependent) trust. The mechanism describes the similarity between the situations using thei...
 
Ten Challenges for Making Automation a
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Gary Klein, David D. Woods, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Robert R. Hoffman, Paul J. Feltovich
Issue Date:November 2004
pp. 91-95
The authors propose 10 challenges for making automation components into effective
 
Coalition Agents Experiment: Multiagent Cooperation in International Coalitions
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By David N. Allsopp, Patrick Beautement, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Edmund H. Durfee, Michael Kirton, Craig A. Knoblock, Niranjan Suri, Austin Tate, Craig W. Thompson
Issue Date:May 2002
pp. 26-35
<p>Military coalitions are examples of large-scale, multi-faceted, virtual organizations, which sometimes need to be rapidly created and flexibly changed as circumstances alter. The Coalition Agents Experiment (CoAX) aims to show that multiagent syst...
 
Brain Informatics
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Ning Zhong,Jeffrey M. Bradshaw,Jiming Liu,John G. Taylor
Issue Date:September 2011
pp. 16-21
Brain informatics (BI) is an emerging interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary research field that focuses on studying the mechanisms underlying the human information processing system. BI investigates the essential functions of the brain, ranging from perc...
 
FAQIH: Framework for Agent-Based Query-Enabled Integrated Information for Health and Nutrition
Found in: Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology, IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on
By Yuri A. Tijerino, Tarek Helmy El-Bassuny, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw
Issue Date:December 2008
pp. 550-553
As the processes of urbanization and globalization continue to gain momentum, issues relating to interdependencies among water, food, nutrition and public health policy have increased in complexity and scope. Thus, it is no longer sufficient for subject-ma...
 
Demonstrating Selected W3C Policy Languages Interest Group Use Cases Using the KAoS Policy Services Framework
Found in: Policies for Distributed Systems and Networks, IEEE International Workshop on
By Andrzej Uszok, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw
Issue Date:June 2008
pp. 233-234
This demonstration will present policies and scenarios from selected W3C Policy Language Group use cases. The flexibility of the KAoS ontology-based policy services framework will be demonstrated by modeling the very diverse policies described in the use c...
 
Demonstrating Human-Robot Coordination through Dynamic Regulation
Found in: Policies for Distributed Systems and Networks, IEEE International Workshop on
By Matthew Johnson, Paul J. Feltovich, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Larry Bunch
Issue Date:June 2008
pp. 231-232
Several key aspects of coordination such as teamwork, roles, and communication, are enabled and driven by, and even largely defined by, various systems of regulation. One key feature of all these elements in human coordination is their dynamic nature. We h...
 
Policy-Governed Information Exchange in a U.S. Army Operational Scenario
Found in: Policies for Distributed Systems and Networks, IEEE International Workshop on
By Larry Bunch, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Clifford O. Young
Issue Date:June 2008
pp. 243-244
The authors are investigating how emerging policy and semantic web technologies can be used to help provide the best set of available tactical information to the Soldier in the field. In this initial effort, Researchers from the U.S. Army Research Labs (AR...
 
Taking Back Cyberspace
Found in: Computer
By Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Giacomo Cabri, Rebecca Montanari
Issue Date:July 2003
pp. 89-92
<p></p><p></p>
 
Guest Editors' Introduction: Knowledge Systems for Coalition Operations
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Austin Tate, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Michal Pechoucek
Issue Date:May 2002
pp. 14-16
<p>Current and future military missions will increasingly involve multinational forces. Ideally, such forces should be rapidly drawn together, flexibly led, and responsively deployed. Moreover, these multinational forces will need to address a wide r...
 
Terraforming Cyberspace
Found in: Computer
By Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Niranjan Suri, Alberto J. CaƱas, Robert Davis, Kenneth Ford, Robert Hoffman, Renia Jeffers, Thomas Reichherzer
Issue Date:July 2001
pp. 48-56
<p>Cyberspace currently offers a lonely, dangerous, and relatively impoverished environment for software agents, which do not easily sustain rich, long-term, peer-to- peer relationships. No social safety net helps agents when they get stuck or preven...
 
While You're Away: A System for Load-Balancing and Resource Sharing Based on Mobile Agents
Found in: Cluster Computing and the Grid, IEEE International Symposium on
By Niranjan Suri, Paul T. Groth, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw
Issue Date:May 2001
pp. 470
While You're Away (WYA) is a distributed system that aggregates the computational power of individual computer systems. WYA introduces the notion of Roaming Computations - Java-based programs that move around the network utilizing the resources of idle wor...
 
Myths of Automation, Part 2: Some Very Human Consequences
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Robert R. Hoffman,John K. Hawley,Jeffrey M. Bradshaw
Issue Date:March 2014
pp. 82-85
In a previous essay, the myths of automation were described by reference to &#x0022;deadly sins.&#x0022; Here, a case study is presented that illustrates the myths and their consequences. Indeed, the case study takes the word &#x0022;deadly&...
 
Human-agent-robot teamwork
Found in: Proceedings of the seventh annual ACM/IEEE international conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI '12)
By Maarten Sierhuis, Catholijn M. Jonker, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Virginia Dignum
Issue Date:March 2012
pp. 487-488
Teamwork has become a widely accepted metaphor for describing the nature of multi-robot and multi-agent cooperation. By virtue of teamwork models, team members attempt to manage general responsibilities and commitments to each other in a coherent fashion t...
     
Cognitive science and socio-cognitive theoryfor the HRI practitioner
Found in: Proceedings of the seventh annual ACM/IEEE international conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI '12)
By J. Chris Forsythe, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw
Issue Date:March 2012
pp. 495-496
This tutorial provides a synopsis of key findings and theoretical advances from cognitive science and socio-cognitive theory, with examples of how the results of this research can be applied to the design of human-robotic systems. Topics covered will run t...
     
Toward coactivity
Found in: Proceeding of the 5th ACM/IEEE international conference on Human-robot interaction (HRI '10)
By Birna van Riemsdijk, Catholijn Jonker, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Maarten Sierhuis, Matthew Johnson, Paul J. Feltovich
Issue Date:March 2010
pp. 101-102
This paper introduces the concept of Coactivity as a new focal point for Human-Robot Interaction to address the more sophisticated roles of partner or teammate envisioned for future human-robot systems. We propose that most approaches to date have focused ...
     
Kaa: policy-based explorations of a richer model for adjustable autonomy
Found in: Proceedings of the fourth international joint conference on Autonomous agents and multiagent systems (AAMAS '05)
By Andrzej Uszok, Hyuckchul Jung, James Allen, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Larry Bunch, Lucian Galescu, Matthew Johnson, Nathanael Chambers, Niranjan Suri, Paul Feltovich, Renia Jeffers, Shri Kulkarni, William Taysom
Issue Date:July 2005
pp. 214-221
Though adjustable autonomy is hardly a new topic in agent systems, there has been a general lack of consensus on terminology and basic concepts. In this paper, we describe the multi-dimensional nature of adjustable autonomy and give examples of how various...
     
NOMADS: toward a strong and safe mobile agent system
Found in: Proceedings of the fourth international conference on Autonomous agents (AGENTS '00)
By Brian R. Pouliot, David S. Smith, Gregory A. Hill, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Maggie R. Breedy, Niranjan Suri, Paul T. Groth, Renia Jeffers, Timothy S. Mitrovich
Issue Date:June 2000
pp. 163-164
When creating virtual reality environments a large amount of the interaction needs to be programmed. The problem with this is that non-computer expert users lack the programming skills necessary to create useful applications. Specifying interactions remain...
     
Letter from the chair
Found in: intelligence
By Jeffrey M. Bradshaw
Issue Date:March 1999
pp. 5-es
This article is a survey of research areas in which motion plays a pivotal role. The aim of the article is to review current approaches to modeling motion together with related data structures and algorithms, and to summarize the challenges that lie ahead ...
     
Letter from the chair
Found in: intelligence
By Jeffrey M. Bradshaw
Issue Date:March 1999
pp. 5
This article is a survey of research areas in which motion plays a pivotal role. The aim of the article is to review current approaches to modeling motion together with related data structures and algorithms, and to summarize the challenges that lie ahead ...
     
Letter from the chair
Found in: intelligence
By Jeffrey M. Bradshaw
Issue Date:March 1999
pp. 5
This article is a survey of research areas in which motion plays a pivotal role. The aim of the article is to review current approaches to modeling motion together with related data structures and algorithms, and to summarize the challenges that lie ahead ...
     
Letter from the chair
Found in: intelligence
By Jeffrey M. Bradshaw
Issue Date:March 1999
pp. 5
This article is a survey of research areas in which motion plays a pivotal role. The aim of the article is to review current approaches to modeling motion together with related data structures and algorithms, and to summarize the challenges that lie ahead ...
     
Letter from the chair
Found in: intelligence
By Jeffrey M. Bradshaw
Issue Date:March 1999
pp. 5
This article is a survey of research areas in which motion plays a pivotal role. The aim of the article is to review current approaches to modeling motion together with related data structures and algorithms, and to summarize the challenges that lie ahead ...
     
IUI and agents for the new millennium (panel II)
Found in: Proceedings of the 4th international conference on Intelligent user interfaces (IUI '99)
By Henry Lieberman, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Ted Selker, Yolanda Gil
Issue Date:January 1999
pp. 93-94
Simulation models of a number of computer architectures have been created using HASE,a Hierarchical Computer Architecture design and Simulation Environment,and automatially translated into WebHASE... and JavaHASE applets which can be accessed via the WWW.T...
     
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