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Displaying 1-15 out of 15 total
Commercial Applications of the Digital Computer in American Corporations, 1945-1995
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By James W. Cortada
Issue Date:June 1996
pp. 18-29
<p><it>This paper describes the commercial applications of the digital computer in the United States over the past 50 years. It suggests that as technology improved, new uses for computers appeared. Looking at major types of applications common...
 
Studying the Role of IT in the Evolution of American Business Practices: A Way Forward
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By James W. Cortada
Issue Date:October 2007
pp. 28-39
The use of computers by whole industries in the US has led to a growing interest in the history of computer applications in business. In this article the author explores some of the trends in this new history and initial findings. He also suggests topics t...
 
Think Piece: Preserving Records of the Past, Today
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By James W. Cortada
Issue Date:April 2009
pp. 87-89
No summary available.
 
Patterns and Practices in How Information Technology Spread around the World
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By James W. Cortada
Issue Date:October 2008
pp. 4-25
Information technology spread around the world faster than most other technologies in recent centuries. A combination of eight approaches made this happen, each occurring simultaneously in varying degrees between the 1950s and the present.
 
Looking at Technology through Industry Eyes
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By James W. Cortada
Issue Date:April 2006
pp. 88, 87
Examining the use of computing in whole industries sheds considerable new light on the role of IT in modern society.
 
How Did Computing Go Global? The Need for an Answer and a Research Agenda
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By James W. Cortada
Issue Date:January 2004
pp. 53-58
<p>The answers to how computing went global have ramifications for historians and society far beyond mere documentation. By understanding the complexities of how IT computing technology spread around the globe, we may gain insight into future technol...
 
&#x0022;Carrying a Bag&#x0022;: Memoirs of an IBM Salesman, 1974-1981
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By James W. Cortada
Issue Date:October 2013
pp. 32-47
This article is the memoir of an IBM salesman working in the Data Processing Division, 1974-1981. This was a Golden Age for account management, sales of mainframes, all during the period of IBM's antitrust suit. The author provides insights into the operat...
 
Researching the History of Software from the 1960s
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By James W. Cortada
Issue Date:January 2002
pp. 72-79
<p>The history of software from the 1960s has barely begun to be studied, and literature on its past is limited. This article explores why such a situation exists, identifies study resources, and explains some of the issues concerning archival holdin...
 
Using Textual Demographics to Understand Computer Use: 1950-1990
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By James W. Cortada
Issue Date:January 2001
pp. 34-56
<p>Between 1950 and 1990, a large number of publications appeared in the US discussing the nature and role of computers. By looking at the topics of these articles, we can begin to understand what such systems were used for and why. The sampling of m...
 
War Stories of an IBM Salesman, 1974-1981
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By James W. Cortada
Issue Date:January 2014
pp. 74-78
James W. Cortada shares some of the stories from his time as a salesman at IBM, from 1974 to 1981, until he became an instructor at the IBM Sales School. His tales shed new light on IBM, its sales force, its customers, and the mainframe and data processing...
 
Information Technologies in the German Democratic Republic (GDR), 1949&#x2013;1989
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By James W. Cortada
Issue Date:April 2012
pp. 34-48
The German Democratic Republic made a major commitment to the manufacture and use of computers, following common practices embraced by communist regimes during the Cold War. This article describes the political, economic, and technical results from the fou...
 
Reviews
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By Andrew Hodges, James W. Cortada
Issue Date:July 2006
pp. 81-83
The Reviews department features book reviews of A.M. Turing's The Essential Turing (edited by B. Jack Copeland) and Steven T. Usdin's Engineering Communism: How Two Americans Spied for Stalin and Founded the Soviet Silicon Valley.
 
The ENIAC's Influence on Business Computing, 1940s-1950s
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By James W. Cortada
Issue Date:April 2006
pp. 26-28
The ENIAC launched the computer as a major new tool of the modern age. Its historical significance is described.
 
Think Piece
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By James W. Cortada
Issue Date:April 2001
pp. 88
No summary available.
 
Economic Preconditions That Made Possible Application of Commercial Computing in the United States
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By James W. Cortada
Issue Date:July 1997
pp. 27-40
<p><it>This article argues that it would have become very difficult for computers to have come into being, and subsequently be adopted by businesses, if the U.S. economy were not large and healthy. The author demonstrates that there were charac...
 
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