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Displaying 1-32 out of 32 total
Prototyping Connected Devices for the Internet of Things
Found in: Computer
By Steve Hodges,Stuart Taylor,Nicolas Villar,James Scott,Dominik Bial,Patrick Tobias Fischer
Issue Date:February 2013
pp. 26-34
Tools like Microsoft .NET Gadgeteer offer the ability to quickly prototype, test, and deploy connected devices, providing a key element that will accelerate our understanding of the challenges in realizing the Internet of Things vision.
 
A New Era for Ubicomp Development
Found in: IEEE Pervasive Computing
By Steve Hodges,Nicolas Villar,James Scott,Albrecht Schmidt
Issue Date:January 2012
pp. 5-9
A range of platforms have become available that can help researchers and hobbyists prototype new concepts in the ubiquitous computing domain. Such platforms, including Arduino and Microsoft .NET Gadgeteer, lower the barrier to entry for building custom ele...
 
Look Back before Leaping Forward: Four Decades of Domestic Energy Inquiry
Found in: IEEE Pervasive Computing
By Mike Hazas, Adrian Friday, James Scott
Issue Date:January 2011
pp. 13-19
Reducing domestic energy consumption is a hot topic in the pervasive computing and CHI communities, with a long and varied history. This survey gives a brief overview of the history and current state of this problem from various perspectives—from pervasive...
 
Context-aware Battery Management for Mobile Phones
Found in: Pervasive Computing and Communications, IEEE International Conference on
By Nishkam Ravi, James Scott, Lu Han, Liviu Iftode
Issue Date:March 2008
pp. 224-233
In this paper, we propose a system for context-aware battery management that warns theuser when it detects that the phone battery can run out before the next chargingopportunity is encountered. At the heart of this system, are algorithms thatpredict: (1) w...
 
Experiences with place lab: an open source toolkit for location-aware computing
Found in: Software Engineering, International Conference on
By Anthony LaMarca, William G. Griswold, Yatin Chawathe, Mike Chen, James Scott, Ian Smith, Timothy Sohn
Issue Date:May 2006
pp. 462-471
Location-based computing (LBC) is becoming increasing important in both industry and academia. A key challenge is the pervasive deployment of LBC technologies; to be effective they must run on a wide variety of client platforms, including laptops, PDAs, an...
 
Measurements of In-Motion 802.11 Networking
Found in: Mobile Computing Systems and Applications, IEEE Workshop on
By Richard Gass, James Scott, Christophe Diot
Issue Date:April 2006
pp. 69-74
Wireless networking can support in-motion users by providing occasional opportunities to transmit and receive data. We measure the performance of UDP and TCP transfers between a car traveling at speeds from 5 mph to 75mph and an 802.11b access point. We an...
 
Location-Aware Computing Comes of Age
Found in: Computer
By Mike Hazas, James Scott, John Krumm
Issue Date:February 2004
pp. 95-97
<p>The widespread deployment of sensing technologies will make location-aware applications part of everyday life.</p>
 
Data Transport on the Networked Surface
Found in: Local Computer Networks, Annual IEEE Conference on
By Frank Hoffmann, James Scott, Mike Addlesee, Glenford Mapp, Andy Hopper
Issue Date:November 2001
pp. 269
<p>Networked Surfaces are surfaces such as desks which provide network connectivity to specially augmented de- vices, for example handheld computers. When the devices are physically placed on top of the surface, they can connect to different kinds of...
 
Fast polygon mesh querying by example
Found in: ACM SIGGRAPH 99 Conference abstracts and applications (SIGGRAPH '99)
By James Gain, James Scott
Issue Date:August 1999
pp. 241
This paper describes a physically-based rendering system tailored to the demands of lighting design and architecture. The simulation uses a light-backwards ray-tracing method with extensions to efficiently solve the rendering equation under most conditions...
     
Projective identity and procedural rhetoric in educational multimedia: towards the enrichment of programming self-concept and growth mindset with fantasy role-play
Found in: Proceedings of the 21st ACM international conference on Multimedia (MM '13)
By Michael James Scott
Issue Date:October 2013
pp. 1031-1034
There is a growing movement in the behavioral sciences towards exploring more situated, pragmatic and ontological accounts of human learning. Positive psychology shows that a reciprocal relationship may exist between self-concept and the development of exp...
     
Lab of things: a platform for conducting studies with connected devices in multiple homes
Found in: Proceedings of the 2013 ACM conference on Pervasive and ubiquitous computing adjunct publication (UbiComp '13 Adjunct)
By A.J. Bernheim Brush, Amar Phanishayee, Arjmand Samuel, Danny Huang, Evgeni Filippov, Frank Martinez, Jaeyeon Jung, James Scott, Khurshed Mazhar, Ratul Mahajan, Rayman Preet Singh
Issue Date:September 2013
pp. 35-38
Researchers who develop new home technologies using connected devices often want to conduct large-scale field studies in homes to evaluate their technology, but conducting such studies today is extremely challenging. Inspired by the success of PlanetLab, w...
     
HomeSys 2013: workshop on design, technology, systems and applications for the home
Found in: Proceedings of the 2013 ACM conference on Pervasive and ubiquitous computing adjunct publication (UbiComp '13 Adjunct)
By A.J. Bernheim Brush, James Scott, Sarah Mennicken
Issue Date:September 2013
pp. 765-768
HomeSys 2013 will be an inspiring, interactive, cross-disciplinary workshop for anyone conducting research into technology in homes. This includes anyone building novel systems, applications, or devices for the home, or studying existing or novel technolog...
     
Implicit theories of programming aptitude as a barrier to learning to code: are they distinct from intelligence?
Found in: Proceedings of the 18th ACM conference on Innovation and technology in computer science education (ITiCSE '13)
By Gheorghita Ghinea, Michael James Scott
Issue Date:July 2013
pp. 347-347
Contemporary psychology has shown that self-theories can have a profound influence on affect and behavior. Entity-theorists, believing their traits are fixed, adopt maladaptive learning strategies in the face of difficulty. In contrast, incremental-theoris...
     
.NET gadgeteer: a new platform for K-12 computer science education
Found in: Proceeding of the 44th ACM technical symposium on Computer science education (SIGCSE '13)
By Colin Miller, James Scott, Kerry Hammil, Nicolas Villar, Scarlet Schwiderski-Grosche, Steve Hodges, Steven Johnston, Sue Sentance
Issue Date:March 2013
pp. 391-396
In this paper we present the features of a new physical device prototyping platform called Microsoft .NET Gadgeteer along with our initial experiences using it to teach computer science in high schools. Gadgeteer makes it easy for newcomers to electronics ...
     
Integrating fantasy role-play into the programming lab: exploring the 'projective identity' hypothesis
Found in: Proceeding of the 44th ACM technical symposium on Computer science education (SIGCSE '13)
By Gheorghita Ghinea, Michael James Scott
Issue Date:March 2013
pp. 119-122
It has been claimed that learning can be facilitated by a positive academic self-concept. Therefore, reinforcing this construct may benefit students and the application of 'projective identity' in educational multimedia could be a means of achieving this. ...
     
A system to provide real-time collaborative situational awareness by web enabling a distributed sensor network
Found in: Proceedings of the First ACM SIGSPATIAL Workshop on Sensor Web Enablement (SWE '12)
By Anand Panangadan, Ashit Talukder, Edward Chow, Joseph Joswig, Kai-Dee Chu, Mark James, Scott Burleigh, Steve Monacos
Issue Date:November 2012
pp. 24-31
The paper presents two systems called PATS and SAP that when integrated realize Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) of spatially distributed mobile sensors. The Personal Alert and Tracking System (PATS) consists of a networked collection of custom-designed low-pow...
     
Augmenting homes with custom devices using .NET Gadgeteer and HomeOS
Found in: Proceedings of the Fourth ACM Workshop on Embedded Sensing Systems for Energy-Efficiency in Buildings (BuildSys '12)
By A. J. Bernheim Brush, James Scott, Ratul Mahajan
Issue Date:November 2012
pp. 213-214
We describe how two of our recent research technologies, .NET Gadgeteer and HomeOS, complement each other in enabling research using custom devices in home deployments. .NET Gadgeteer enables rapid prototyping of custom devices based on solderless assembly...
     
Creating a room connectivity graph of a building from per-room sensor units
Found in: Proceedings of the Fourth ACM Workshop on Embedded Sensing Systems for Energy-Efficiency in Buildings (BuildSys '12)
By Carl Ellis, Ionut Constandache, James Scott, Mike Hazas
Issue Date:November 2012
pp. 177-183
Sensor and actuator networks are often installed in buildings for energy-related applications such as lighting and climate control. Such systems require metadata about the deployed hardware (e.g. which room each is in, what the function of each room is) in...
     
EarlyOff: using house cooling rates to save energy
Found in: Proceedings of the Fourth ACM Workshop on Embedded Sensing Systems for Energy-Efficiency in Buildings (BuildSys '12)
By Carl Ellis, James Scott, John Krumm, Mike Hazas
Issue Date:November 2012
pp. 39-41
Home heating systems often have a significant thermal inertia, as homes stay warm after the heating is turned off for significant periods of time. We present the EarlyOff concept, whereby home heating can be predictively turned off in advance of occupants'...
     
HomeLab: shared infrastructure for home technology field studies
Found in: Proceedings of the 2012 ACM Conference on Ubiquitous Computing (UbiComp '12)
By A. J. Bernheim Brush, Jaeyeon Jung, James Scott, Ratul Mahajan
Issue Date:September 2012
pp. 1108-1113
Researchers who develop new home technologies using connected devices (e.g. sensors) often want to conduct large-scale field studies in homes to evaluate their technology, but conducting such studies today is quite challenging, if not impossible. Considera...
     
Sustainability does not begin with the individual
Found in: interactions
By A. J. Bernheim Brush, James Scott, Mike Hazas
Issue Date:September 2012
pp. 14-17
Sustainability in (Inter)Action provides a forum for innovative thought, design, and research in the area of interaction design and environmental sustainability. The column explores how HCI can contribute to the complex and interdisciplinary efforts to add...
     
PreHeat: controlling home heating using occupancy prediction
Found in: Proceedings of the 13th international conference on Ubiquitous computing (UbiComp '11)
By A.J. Bernheim Brush, Brian Meyers, James Scott, John Krumm, Michael Hazas, Nicolas Villar, Stephen Hodges
Issue Date:September 2011
pp. 281-290
Home heating is a major factor in worldwide energy use. Our system, PreHeat, aims to more efficiently heat homes by using occupancy sensing and occupancy prediction to automatically control home heating. We deployed PreHeat in five homes, three in the US a...
     
Exploring end user preferences for location obfuscation, location-based services, and the value of location
Found in: Proceedings of the 12th ACM international conference on Ubiquitous computing (Ubicomp '10)
By A.J. Bernheim Brush, James Scott, John Krumm
Issue Date:September 2010
pp. 95-104
Long-term personal GPS data is useful for many UbiComp services such as traffic monitoring and environmental impact assessment. However, inference attacks on such traces can reveal private information including home addresses and schedules. We asked 32 par...
     
RearType: text entry using keys on the back of a device
Found in: Proceedings of the 12th international conference on Human computer interaction with mobile devices and services (MobileHCI '10)
By Dominika Ruszkowski, James Scott, Leila Sadat Rezai, Ravin Balakrishnan, Shahram Izadi, Xiaojun Bi
Issue Date:September 2010
pp. 171-180
RearType is a text input system for mobile devices such as Tablet PCs, using normal keyboard keys but on the reverse side of the device. The standard QWERTY layout is split and rotated so that hands gripping the device from either side have the usual keys ...
     
User experiences with activity-based navigation on mobile devices
Found in: Proceedings of the 12th international conference on Human computer interaction with mobile devices and services (MobileHCI '10)
By A.J. Bernheim Brush, Amy K. Karlson, Andy Jacobs, Barry Bond, Galen Hunt, James Scott, Kerry Hammil, Mike Sinclair, Oscar Murillo, Raman Sarin, Steven Levi
Issue Date:September 2010
pp. 73-82
We introduce activity-based navigation, which uses human activities derived from sensor data to help people navigate, in particular to retrace a "trail" previously taken by that person or another person. Such trails may include step counts, walking up/down...
     
Encountering SenseCam: personal recording technologies in everyday life
Found in: Proceedings of the 11th international conference on Ubiquitous computing (Ubicomp '09)
By Christof Roduner, David H. Nguyen, Gabriela Marcu, Gillian R. Hayes, James Scott, Khai N. Truong, Marc Langheinrich
Issue Date:September 2009
pp. 165-174
In this paper, we present a study of responses to the idea of being recorded by a ubicomp recording technology called SenseCam. This study focused on real-life situations in two North American and two European locations. We present the findings of this stu...
     
Exploring awareness needs and information display preferences between coworkers
Found in: Proceedings of the 27th international conference on Human factors in computing systems (CHI '09)
By A.J. Bernheim Brush, Brian R. Meyers, Gina Venolia, James Scott
Issue Date:April 2009
pp. 1-4
Technology makes it possible to share many different types of information with coworkers. We conducted a large-scale survey (N=549) to better understand current sharing among coworkers, how people stay aware of collocated and remote coworkers, and whether ...
     
Introduction to the talking points project
Found in: Proceedings of the 8th international ACM SIGACCESS conference on Computers and accessibility (Assets '06)
By Atul Prakash, Jim Knox, Jonathan James, Scott Gifford
Issue Date:October 2006
pp. 271-272
For web developers to create functionally accessible web resources they need more than general guidelines and tools that provide them with lists of manual accessibility checks. Web developers need specific web accessibility techniques and tools that help t...
     
Impact of communication infrastructure on forwarding in pocket switched networks
Found in: Proceedings of the 2006 SIGCOMM workshop on Challenged networks (CHANTS '06)
By Anders Lindgren, Christophe Diot, James Scott
Issue Date:September 2006
pp. 261-268
Recently, it has been established on multiple experimental data sets that human contact processes exhibit heavy-tailed inter-event distributions. This characteristic makes it difficult to transport data with a finite transfer time in a network of mobile de...
     
Opportunistic content distribution in an urban setting
Found in: Proceedings of the 2006 SIGCOMM workshop on Challenged networks (CHANTS '06)
By Anders Lindgren, Jeremie Leguay, James Scott, Jon Crowcroft, Timur Friedman
Issue Date:September 2006
pp. 205-212
This paper investigates the feasibility of a city-wide content distribution architecture composed of short range wireless access points. We look at how a target group of intermittently and partially connected mobile nodes can improve the diffusion of infor...
     
Experiences with place lab: an open source toolkit for location-aware computing
Found in: Proceeding of the 28th international conference on Software engineering (ICSE '06)
By Anthony LaMarca, Ian Smith, James Scott, Mike Chen, Timothy Sohn, William G. Griswold, Yatin Chawathe
Issue Date:May 2006
pp. 462-471
Location-based computing (LBC) is becoming increasing important in both industry and academia. A key challenge is the pervasive deployment of LBC technologies; to be effective they must run on a wide variety of client platforms, including laptops, PDAs, an...
     
Pocket switched networks and human mobility in conference environments
Found in: Proceeding of the 2005 ACM SIGCOMM workshop on Delay-tolerant networking (WDTN '05)
By Augustin Chaintreau, Christophe Diot, James Scott, Jon Crowcroft, Pan Hui, Richard Gass
Issue Date:August 2005
pp. 244-251
Pocket Switched Networks (PSN) make use of both human mobility and local/global connectivity in order to transfer data between mobile users' devices. This falls under the Delay Tolerant Networking (DTN) space, focusing on the use of opportunistic networkin...
     
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