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Displaying 1-50 out of 161 total
Experiences of On-Demand Execution for Large Scale Parameter Sweep Applications on OSG by Swift
Found in: High Performance Computing and Communications, 10th IEEE International Conference on
By Zhengxiong Hou, Mike Wilde, Mihael Hategan, Xingshe Zhou, Ian Foster, Ben Clifford
Issue Date:June 2009
pp. 527-532
Large scale parameter sweep application (PSA) is one of the main grid applications, which may have different characteristics and demands. In this paper, we describe how to use swift to enable the on-demand execution of large scale PSA on open science grid ...
 
Resource Co-Allocation in Computational Grids
Found in: High-Performance Distributed Computing, International Symposium on
By Karl Czajkowski, Ian Foster, Carl Kesselman
Issue Date:August 1999
pp. 37
Applications designed to execute on
 
How Do I Model State? Let Me Count the Ways
Found in: Queue
By Ian Foster, Mark McKeown, Paul Watson, Savas Parastatidis, Ian Foster, Ian Foster, Mark McKeown, Mark McKeown, Paul Watson, Paul Watson, Savas Parastatidis, Savas Parastatidis
Issue Date:February 2009
pp. 1-2
A study of the technology and sociology of Web services specifications
     
Lens: A Faceted Browser for Research Networking Platforms
Found in: 2013 IEEE 9th International Conference on eScience (eScience)
By Richard Whaling,Tanu Malik,Ian Foster
Issue Date:October 2013
pp. 196-203
Research networking platforms, such as VIVO and Profiles Networking provide an information infrastructure for scholarship, representing information about research and researchers-their scholarly works, research interests, and organizational relationships. ...
 
A New Era in Computing: Moving Services onto Grid
Found in: Parallel and Distributed Computing, International Symposium on
By Ian Foster
Issue Date:July 2005
pp. 3
The Grid seems to be everywhere, with announcements appearing almost every day of Grid products, sales, and deployments from major vendors. However, in spite of the popularity of the term, there is often confusion as to what the Grid is and what problems i...
   
An Ontology for Scientific Information in a Grid Environment: the Earth System Grid
Found in: Cluster Computing and the Grid, IEEE International Symposium on
By Line Pouchard, Luca Cinquini, Bob Drach, Don Middleton, David Bernholdt, Kasidit Chanchio, Ian Foster, Veronika Nefedova, David Brown, Peter Fox, Jose Garcia, Gary Strand, Dean Williams, Ann Chervenak, Carl Kesselman, Arie Shoshani, Alex Sim
Issue Date:May 2003
pp. 626
In the emerging world of Grid Computing, shared computational, data, other distributed resources are becoming available to enable scientific advancement through collaborative research and collaboratories. This paper describes the increasing role of ontolog...
 
Generalized Communicators in the Message Passing Interface
Found in: IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems
By Erik D. Demaine, Ian Foster, Carl Kesselman, Marc Snir
Issue Date:June 2001
pp. 610-616
<p><b>Abstract</b>—We propose extensions to the Message Passing Interface (MPI) that generalize the MPI communicator concept to allow multiple communication endpoints per process, dynamic creation of endpoints, and the transfer of endpoin...
 
Distance Visualization: Data Exploration on the Grid
Found in: Computer
By Ian Foster, Joseph Insley, Gregor von Laszewski, Carl Kesselman, Marcus Thiebaux
Issue Date:December 1999
pp. 36-43
<p>Our increased ability to model and measure a wide variety of phenomena has left us awash in data. In the immediate future, the authors anticipate collecting data at the rate of terabytes per day from many classes of applications, including simulat...
 
A Notation for Deterministic Cooperating Processes
Found in: IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems
By K. Mani Chandy, Ian Foster
Issue Date:August 1995
pp. 863-871
<p><it>Abstract</it>—This paper proposes extensions of sequential programming languages for parallel programming that have the following features:</p><l2><li><p>Dynamic Structures: The process structure is dynamic....
 
NONUS: A No-Onus Platform for Generating Grant Reports
Found in: e-Science Workshops, IEEE International Conference on
By Tanu Malik, Ian Foster, Andrey Rzhetsky, Jacob Foster, James Evans
Issue Date:December 2010
pp. 136-140
Advancements in science and technology are rapidly disseminated through publications, patents, blogs, and the social networks. However, the process behind creating the science or technology is hardly curated. This is increasingly becoming a bottleneck for ...
 
XSEDE: Accelerating Scientific Discovery
Found in: Computing in Science & Engineering
By John Towns,Timothy Cockerill,Maytal Dahan,Ian Foster,Kelly Gaither,Andrew Grimshaw,Victor Hazlewood,Scott Lathrop,Dave Lifka,Gregory D. Peterson,Ralph Roskies,J. Ray Scott,Nancy Wilkens-Diehr
Issue Date:September 2014
pp. 62-74
Computing in science and engineering is now ubiquitous: digital technologies underpin, accelerate, and enable new, even transformational, research in all domains. Access to an array of integrated and well-supported high-end digital services is critical for...
 
Poster: Bringing Task and Data Parallelism to Analysis of Climate Model Output
Found in: 2012 SC Companion: High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis (SCC)
By Robert Jacob,Jayesh Krishna,Xiabing Xu,Sheri Mickelson,Tim Tautges,Mike Wilde,Robert Latham,Ian Foster,Robert Ross,Mark Hereld,Jay Larson,Pavel Bochev,Kara Peterson,Mark Taylor,Karen Schuchardt,Jain Yin,Don Middleton,Mary Haley,David Brown,Wei Huang,Dennis Shea,Richard Brownrigg,Mariana Vertenstein,Kwan-Liu Ma,Jingrong Xie
Issue Date:November 2012
pp. 1495
Climate models are both outputting larger and larger amounts of data and are doing it on more sophisticated numerical grids. The tools climate scientists have used to analyze climate output, an essential component of climate modeling, are single threaded a...
 
Deploying Bioinformatics Workflows on Clouds with Galaxy and Globus Provision
Found in: 2012 SC Companion: High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis (SCC)
By Bo Liu,Borja Sotomayor,Ravi Madduri,Kyle Chard,Ian Foster
Issue Date:November 2012
pp. 1087-1095
Cloud computing is attracting increasing attention as a means of providing users with fast provisioning of computational and storage resources, elastic scaling, and pay-as-you-go pricing. The integration of scientific workflows and Cloud computing has the ...
 
Design and analysis of data management in scalable parallel scripting
Found in: 2012 SC - International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis
By Zhao Zhang,Daniel S. Katz,Justin M. Wozniak,Allan Espinosa,Ian Foster
Issue Date:November 2012
pp. 1-11
We seek to enable efficient large-scale parallel execution of applications in which a shared filesystem abstraction is used to couple many tasks. Such parallel scripting (many-task computing, MTC) applications suffer poor performance and utilization on lar...
 
Instant GridFTP
Found in: 2012 26th IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium Workshops (IPDPSW)
By Rajkumar Kettimuthu,Lukasz Lacinski,Mike Link,Karl Pickett,Steve Tuecke,Ian Foster
Issue Date:May 2012
pp. 1104-1112
A foundational need in high-performance computing is to move large (multi-gigabyte and even terabyte) datasets between sites. Simple file transfer mechanisms such as FTP and SCP are not sufficient from either a reliability or performance perspective. GridF...
 
Message from the chairpersons
Found in: Networks, IEEE International Conference on
By Bharadwaj Veeravalli,Ian Foster
Issue Date:December 2011
pp. 2
On behalf of the Organizing Committee, we would like to welcome you to the 17th IEEE International Conference on Networks in Biopolis, Singapore.
   
A distributed look-up architecture for text mining applications using MapReduce
Found in: SC Conference
By Atilla Soner Balkir,Ian Foster,Andrey Rzhetsky
Issue Date:November 2011
pp. 1-11
We study text analysis algorithms that use global optimization methods to compute local characteristics that are consistent with properties of the entire corpus rather than computed locally based on exogenous parameters. In the iterative implementations th...
 
Providing Map and GPS Assistance to Service Composition in Bioinformatics
Found in: Services Computing, IEEE International Conference on
By Wei Tan,Jia Zhang,Ravi Madduri,Ian Foster,David De Roure
Issue Date:July 2011
pp. 608-615
The wide use of Web services and scientific workflows has enabled bioinformaticians to reuse experimental resources and streamline data processing in a Web-scale manner. This paper presents a follow-up work of our network analysis on my Experiment, an onli...
 
Recommend-As-You-Go: A Novel Approach Supporting Services-Oriented Scientific Workflow Reuse
Found in: Services Computing, IEEE International Conference on
By Jia Zhang,Wei Tan,John Alexander,Ian Foster,Ravi Madduri
Issue Date:July 2011
pp. 48-55
Services computing technology enables scientists to expose data and computational resources wrapped as publicly accessible Web services. However, our study indicates that scientific services are currently poorly reused in an ad hoc style. This project aims...
 
Toward Semantics Empowered Biomedical Web Services
Found in: Web Services, IEEE International Conference on
By Jia Zhang,Ravi Madduri,Wei Tan,Kevin Deichl,John Alexander,Ian Foster
Issue Date:July 2011
pp. 371-378
caGrid has accumulated a repository of biomedical services, however, how a cancer researcher can find proper services in the caGrid when needed remains a big challenge. This research aims to enhance the cyber infrastructure of caGrid, by developing a mecha...
 
ServiceMap: Providing Map and GPS Assistance to Service Composition in Bioinformatics
Found in: Services Computing, IEEE International Conference on
By Wei Tan,Jia Zhang,Ravi Madduri,Ian Foster,David De Roure,Carole Goble
Issue Date:July 2011
pp. 632-639
The wide use of Web services and scientific workflows has enabled bioinformaticians to reuse experimental resources and streamline data processing. This paper presents a follow-up work of our network analysis on my Experiment, an online scientific workflow...
 
Managed GridFTP
Found in: Parallel and Distributed Processing Workshops and PhD Forum, 2011 IEEE International Symposium on
By John Bresnahan,Michael Link,Rajkumar Kettimuthu,Ian Foster
Issue Date:May 2011
pp. 907-913
GridFTP extends the standard FTP protocol to provide a high-performance, secure, reliable data transfer protocol optimized for high-bandwidth wide-area networks. The Globus GridFTP implementation has become the preeminent high-performance data transfer too...
 
Globus Online: Accelerating and Democratizing Science through Cloud-Based Services
Found in: IEEE Internet Computing
By Ian Foster
Issue Date:May 2011
pp. 70-73
<p>Many businesses today save time and money, and increase their agility, by outsourcing mundane IT tasks to cloud providers. The author argues that similar methods can be used to overcome the complexities inherent in increasingly data-intensive, com...
 
A Data Management Framework for Distributed Biomedical Research Environments
Found in: e-Science Workshops, IEEE International Conference on
By Rajkumar Kettimuthu, Robert Schuler, David Keator, Martin Feller, Dingying Wei, Michael Link, John Bresnahan, Lee Liming, Joseph Ames, Ann Chervenak, Ian Foster, Carl Kesselman
Issue Date:December 2010
pp. 72-79
Biomedical research increasingly depends on access to and analysis of distributed medical and biomedical data. In biomedical research, datasets are often collected at multiple locations, as it is difficult to recruit required patient populations at one loc...
 
The Small World of File Sharing
Found in: IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems
By Adriana Iamnitchi, Matei Ripeanu, Elizeu Santos-Neto, Ian Foster
Issue Date:July 2011
pp. 1120-1134
Web caches, content distribution networks, peer-to-peer file-sharing networks, distributed file systems, and data grids all have in common that they involve a community of users who use shared data. In each case, overall system performance can be improved ...
 
Network Analysis of Scientific Workflows: A Gateway to Reuse
Found in: Computer
By Wei Tan, Jia Zhang, Ian Foster
Issue Date:September 2010
pp. 54-61
Online workflow repositories let scientists share successful experimental routines and compose new workflows from best practices and existing service components. The authors share the results of a social- network analysis of the myExperiment workflow repos...
 
Parallel Scripting for Applications at the Petascale and Beyond
Found in: Computer
By Michael Wilde, Ian Foster, Kamil Iskra, Pete Beckman, Zhao Zhang, Allan Espinosa, Mihael Hategan, Ben Clifford, Ioan Raicu
Issue Date:November 2009
pp. 50-60
Scripting accelerates and simplifies the composition of existing codes to form more powerful applications. Parallel scripting extends this technique to allow for the rapid development of highly parallel applications that can run efficiently on platforms ra...
 
Virtual Infrastructure Management in Private and Hybrid Clouds
Found in: IEEE Internet Computing
By Borja Sotomayor, Rubén S. Montero, Ignacio M. Llorente, Ian Foster
Issue Date:September 2009
pp. 14-22
One of the many definitions of
 
Scientific Workflows as Services in caGrid: A Taverna and gRAVI Approach
Found in: Web Services, IEEE International Conference on
By Wei Tan, Kyle Chard, Dinanath Sulakhe, Ravi Madduri, Ian Foster, Stian Soiland-Reyes, Carole Goble
Issue Date:July 2009
pp. 413-420
In scientific collaboration platforms such as caGrid,workflow-as-a-service is a useful concept for various reasons, such as easy reuse of workflows, access to remote resources, security concerns, and improved execution performance. We propose a solution fo...
 
Wrap Scientific Applications as WSRF Grid Services Using gRAVI
Found in: Web Services, IEEE International Conference on
By Kyle Chard, Wei Tan, Joshua Boverhof, Ravi Madduri, Ian Foster
Issue Date:July 2009
pp. 83-90
Web service models are increasingly being used in the Grid community as way to create distributed applications exposing data and/or applications through self describing interfaces. Scientific research is one key field in which the benefits are apparent as ...
 
Resource Leasing and the Art of Suspending Virtual Machines
Found in: High Performance Computing and Communications, 10th IEEE International Conference on
By Borja Sotomayor, Rubén Santiago Montero, Ignacio Martín Llorente, Ian Foster
Issue Date:June 2009
pp. 59-68
Using virtual machines as a resource provisioning mechanism offers multiple benefits, most recently exploited by
 
Build Grid Enabled Scientific Workflows Using gRAVI and Taverna
Found in: eScience, IEEE International Conference on
By Kyle Chard, Cem Onyuksel, Wei Tan, Dinanath Sulakhe, Ravi Madduri, Ian Foster
Issue Date:December 2008
pp. 614-619
Scientific communities are increasingly exposing information and tools as online services in an effort to abstract complex scientific processes and large data sets. Clients are then able to access services without knowledge of their internal workings there...
 
Communicating Security Assertions over the GridFTP Control Channel
Found in: eScience, IEEE International Conference on
By Rajkumar Kettimuthu, Liu Wantao, Frank Siebenlist, Ian Foster
Issue Date:December 2008
pp. 426-427
The GridFTP [1] protocol defines a general-purpose mechanism for secure, reliable, high-performance data movement. GridFTP has been widely used for efficiently transferring large volumes of data. GSI is the commonly used security mechanism for GridFTP tran...
 
Combining the Power of Taverna and caGrid: Scientific Workflows that Enable Web-Scale Collaboration
Found in: IEEE Internet Computing
By Wei Tan, Ian Foster, Ravi Madduri
Issue Date:November 2008
pp. 61-68
Service-oriented architecture represents a promising approach to integrating data and software across different institutional and disciplinary sources, thus facilitating Web-scale collaboration while avoiding the need to convert different data and software...
 
Using overlays for efficient data transfer over shared wide-area networks
Found in: SC Conference
By Gaurav Khanna, Umit Catalyurek, Tahsin Kurc, Rajkumar Kettimuthu, P. Sadayappan, Ian Foster, Joel Saltz
Issue Date:November 2008
pp. 1-12
Data-intensive applications frequently transfer large amounts of data over wide-area networks. The performance achieved in such settings can often be improved by routing data via intermediate nodes chosen to increase aggregate bandwidth. We explore the ben...
 
Toward loosely coupled programming on petascale systems
Found in: SC Conference
By Ioan Raicu, Zhao Zhang, Mike Wilde, Ian Foster, Pete Beckman, Kamil Iskra, Ben Clifford
Issue Date:November 2008
pp. 1-12
We have extended the Falkon lightweight task execution framework to make loosely coupled programming on petascale systems a practical and useful programming model. This work studies and measures the performance factors involved in applying this approach to...
 
Orchestrating caGrid Services in Taverna
Found in: Web Services, IEEE International Conference on
By Wei Tan, Ravi Madduri, Kiran Keshav, Baris E. Suzek, Scott Oster, Ian Foster
Issue Date:September 2008
pp. 14-20
caBIG™ (the cancer Biomedical Informatics Grid™) is an open-source, open-access information network enabling cancer researchers to share tools, data, applications, and technologies. caGrid is the underlying service-based grid software infrastructure for ca...
 
The Globus Replica Location Service: Design and Experience
Found in: IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems
By Ann L. Chervenak, Robert Schuler, Matei Ripeanu, Muhammad Ali Amer, Shishir Bharathi, Ian Foster, Adriana Iamnitchi, Carl Kesselman
Issue Date:September 2009
pp. 1260-1272
Distributed computing systems employ replication to improve overall system robustness, scalability, and performance. A Replica Location Service (RLS) offers a mechanism to maintain and provide information about physical locations of replicas. This paper de...
 
Provisioning for Dynamic Instantiation of Community Services
Found in: IEEE Internet Computing
By Li Qi, Hai Jin, Ian Foster, Jarek Gawor
Issue Date:March 2008
pp. 29-36
On-demand provisioning can allow collaborative communities to rapidly deploy the services required to support collaboration, without the need to acquire and operate dedicated hardware. To meet community needs for on-demand access, while also maximizing glo...
 
Falkon: a Fast and Light-weight tasK executiON framework
Found in: SC Conference
By Ioan Raicu, Yong Zhao, Catalin Dumitrescu, Ian Foster, Mike Wilde
Issue Date:November 2007
pp. 1-12
To enable the rapid execution of many tasks on compute clusters, we have developed Falkon, a Fast and Light-weight tasK executiON framework. Falkon integrates (1) multi-level scheduling to separate resource acquisition (via, e.g., requests to batch schedul...
 
Anomaly detection and diagnosis in grid environments
Found in: SC Conference
By Lingyun Yang, Chuang Liu, Jennifer M. Schopf, Ian Foster
Issue Date:November 2007
pp. 1-9
Identifying and diagnosing anomalies in application behavior is critical to delivering reliable application-level performance. In this paper we introduce a strategy to detect anomalies and diagnose the possible reasons behind them. Our approach extends the...
 
Overhead Matters: A Model for Virtual Resource Management
Found in: Virtualization Technology in Distributed Computing, International Workshop on
By Borja Sotomayor, Kate Keahey, Ian Foster
Issue Date:November 2006
pp. 5
Virtual machines provide a promising vehicle for controlled sharing of physical resources, allowing us to instantiate a precisely defined virtual resource, configured with desired software configuration and hardware properties, on a set of physical resourc...
 
In Search of Simplicity: A Self-Organizing Group Communication Overlay
Found in: Self-Adaptive and Self-Organizing Systems, IEEE International Conference on
By Matei Ripeanu, Adriana Iamnitchi, Ian Foster, Anne Rogers
Issue Date:July 2007
pp. 371-374
<p>Group communication primitives have broad utility as building blocks for distributed applications. The challenge is to create and maintain the distributed structures that support these primitives while accounting for volatile end-nodes and variabl...
 
Swift: Fast, Reliable, Loosely Coupled Parallel Computation
Found in: Services, IEEE Congress on
By Yong Zhao, Mihael Hategan, Ben Clifford, Ian Foster, Gregor von Laszewski, Veronika Nefedova, Ioan Raicu, Tiberiu Stef-Praun, Michael Wilde
Issue Date:July 2007
pp. 199-206
We present Swift, a system that combines a novel scripting language called SwiftScript with a powerful runtime system based on CoG Karajan, Falkon, and Globus to allow for the concise specification, and reliable and efficient execution, of large loosely co...
 
A Scalable Cluster Algorithm for Internet Resources
Found in: Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, International
By Chuang Liu, Ian Foster
Issue Date:March 2007
pp. 92
Applications such as parallel computing, online games, and content distribution networks need to run on a set of resources with particular network connection characteristics to get good performance. To locate such resource sets, we introduce a scalable alg...
 
GridCopy: Moving Data Fast on the Grid
Found in: Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, International
By Rajkumar Kettimuthu, William Allcock, Lee Liming, John-Paul Navarro, Ian Foster
Issue Date:March 2007
pp. 363
An important type of communication in grid and distributed computing environments is bulk data transfer. GridFTP has emerged as a de facto standard for secure, reliable, high-performance data transfer across resources on the Grid. GridCopy provides a simpl...
 
HAND: Highly Available Dynamic Deployment Infrastructure for Globus Toolkit 4
Found in: Parallel, Distributed, and Network-Based Processing, Euromicro Conference on
By Li Qi, Hai Jin, Ian Foster, Jarek Gawor
Issue Date:February 2007
pp. 155-162
Grid computing is becoming more and more attractive for coordinating large-scale heterogeneous resource sharing and problem solving. Of particular interest for effective grid computing is a software provisioning mechanism. We propose a highly available dyn...
 
Service-Oriented Science: Scaling eScience Impact
Found in: Intelligent Agent Technology, IEEE / WIC / ACM International Conference on
By Ian Foster
Issue Date:December 2006
pp. 9-10
Computational approaches to problem solving have proven their worth in many fields of science, allowing the collection and analysis of unprecedented quantities of data, and the exploration via simulation of previously obscure phenomena. New
   
Service-Oriented Science: Scaling eScience Impact
Found in: Web Intelligence, IEEE / WIC / ACM International Conference on
By Ian Foster
Issue Date:December 2006
pp. 9-10
Computational approaches to problem solving have proven their worth in many fields of science, allowing the collection and analysis of unprecedented quantities of data, and the exploration via simulation of previously obscure phenomena. New
   
Automating Climate Science: Large Ensemble Simulations on the TeraGrid with the GriPhyN Virtual Data System
Found in: e-Science and Grid Computing, International Conference on
By Veronika Nefedova, Robert Jacob, Ian Foster, Zhengyu Liu, Yun Liu, Ewa Deelman, Gaurang Mehta, Mei-Hui Su, Karan Vahi
Issue Date:December 2006
pp. 32
Ensemble simulations are a promising technique for identifying the signal of atmospheric response to extra-tropical sea surface temperature variability with high statistical significance. The basic idea is to perform multiple simulations from slightly diff...
 
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