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The Early History of Microcircuitry: An Overview
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By David C. Brock,David A. Laws
Issue Date:January 2012
pp. 7-19
From the 1940s into the early 1960s, hundreds of scientists and engineers worldwide pursued efforts in microcircuitry—miniaturized, integrated electronic circuits. By tracing the diverse activities and alternatives they explored—from ...
Making Micrologic: The Development of the Planar IC at Fairchild Semiconductor, 1957–1963
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By David A. Laws,Michael Riordan
Issue Date:January 2012
pp. 20-36
The modern integrated circuit evolved from developments at Fairchild Semiconductor during the late 1950s and early 1960s. Using information from laboratory notebooks, internal company memoranda, oral histories, and personal communications, this article rec...
Westinghouse: Microcircuit Pioneer from Molecular Electronics to ICs
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By Edgar A. Sack,David A. Laws
Issue Date:January 2012
pp. 74-82
In the late 1950s and early 1960s, Westinghouse Electric engineers and scientists pursued research and developed many innovations in semiconductor design and manufacturing that found widespread use throughout the industry and later contributed to the impor...
A Company of Legend: The Legacy of Fairchild Semiconductor
Found in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
By David A. Laws
Issue Date:January 2010
pp. 60-74
<p>Founded in 1957 by eight dissidents from Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory, Fairchild Semiconductor developed some of the most important innovations in 20th century technology and sowed the seeds of the microelectronic-driven computer industry of ...
Telemedicine Encounter Quality: Comparing Patient and Provider Perspectives of a Socio-Technical System
Found in: Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences
By Cynthia LeRouge, Alan Hevner, Rosann Collins, Monica Garfield, David Law
Issue Date:January 2004
pp. 60149a
The effectiveness of the telemedicine encounter is dependent on the use of state-of-the-art technology and the quality of the technology-based interactions. We take a socio-technical approach to understanding quality during telemedicine encounters. This ap...