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Displaying 1-50 out of 10,029 total
Guest Editor's Introduction: Wearable Information Devices
Found in: IEEE Micro
By Alex (Sandy) Pentland
Issue Date:May 2001
pp. 12-15
There is an important distinction between wearable devices and those that are merely portable, the classic example being the pocket watch and wristwatch. The difference is simple: You have to pull out the pocket watch and open it to see the time, while the...
 
Wearable Computers
Found in: IEEE Micro
By Alex (Sandy) Pentland
Issue Date:November 1999
pp. 9-11
No summary available.
 
Keynotes
Found in: 2011 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications (PerCom)
By A Pentland
Issue Date:March 2011
pp. xi-xii
Summary form only given. Most of the functions of our society are based on networks designed during the late 1800s, and are modeled after centralized water systems. The spread of mobile cellular networks, and particularly the sensors contained in mobile te...
   
Sensing the "Health State" of a Community
Found in: IEEE Pervasive Computing
By Anmol Madan,Manuel Cebrian,Sai Moturu,Katayoun Farrahi,Alex "Sandy" Pentland
Issue Date:October 2012
pp. 36-45
Mobile phones are a pervasive platform for opportunistic sensing of behaviors and opinions. Three studies use location and communication sensors to model individual behaviors and symptoms, long-term health outcomes, and the diffusion of opinions in a commu...
 
Human Design: Wearable Computers for Human Networking
Found in: Distributed Computing Systems, International Conference on
By Alex (Sandy) Pentland
Issue Date:May 2003
pp. 264
Computer technology has mostly focused either on the isolated individual, or has treated the person as a clueless extra wandering in a computer-controlled environment. Researchers seem to have forgotten that people are social animals, and that the quality ...
   
Sensor-Based Feedback Systems in Organizational Computing
Found in: Computational Science and Engineering, IEEE International Conference on
By Taemie Kim, Daniel Olguin Olguin, Benjamin N. Waber, Alex (Sandy) Pentland
Issue Date:August 2009
pp. 966-969
Radical change is needed in today’s organizations. While e-mail, instant messaging, wikis, prediction markets, and the like have proliferated across myriad sectors, the fundamental practice of management has failed to keep pace. Sensors can automatically m...
 
InSense: Interest-Based Life Logging
Found in: IEEE Multimedia
By Mark Blum, Alex (Sandy) Pentland, Gerhard Tröster
Issue Date:October 2006
pp. 40-48
Our wearable data collection system lets users collect their experiences into a continually growing and adapting multimedia diary. The system--called inSense--uses the patterns in sensor readings from a camera, microphone, and accelerometers to classify th...
 
Mapping Human Networks
Found in: Pervasive Computing and Communications, IEEE International Conference on
By Jonathan Gips, Alex (Sandy) Pentland
Issue Date:March 2006
pp. 159-168
We have developed a method of measuring user interest and affiliation for conference attendees, using behavioral data to collected by ?smart badges? worn by the attendees. These measures allow validation, refinement, and extension of online user profiles, ...
 
Wearables in the Workplace: Sensing Interactions at the Office
Found in: Wearable Computers, IEEE International Symposium
By Nathan Eagle, Alex (Sandy) Pentland
Issue Date:October 2003
pp. 256
No summary available.
   
Face Recognition for Smart Environments
Found in: Computer
By Alex (Sandy) Pentland, Tanzeem Choudhury
Issue Date:February 2000
pp. 50-55
<p>Smart environments, wearable computers, and ubiquitous computing in general are the coming
 
Predicting Spending Behavior Using Socio-mobile Features
Found in: 2013 International Conference on Social Computing (SocialCom)
By Vivek K. Singh,Laura Freeman,Bruno Lepri,Alex Sandy Pentland
Issue Date:September 2013
pp. 174-179
Human spending behavior is essentially social. This work motivates and grounds the use of mobile phone based social interaction features for classifying spending behavior. Using a data set involving 52 adults (26 couples) living in a community for over a y...
 
Understanding and Changing Behavior [Guest editors' introduction]
Found in: IEEE Pervasive Computing
By Albert Ali Salah,Bruno Lepri,Alex Sandy Pentland,John Canny
Issue Date:July 2013
pp. 18-20
The goal of this special issue is to contribute to the advancement of ubiquitous information societies, where computers and humans are part of the same ecosystem. One crucial property of entities living in the same ecosystem is that they mutually influence...
 
Stealing Reality: When Criminals Become Data Scientists (or Vice Versa)
Found in: IEEE Intelligent Systems
By Yaniv Altshuler,Nadav Aharony,Alex Pentland,Yuval Elovici,Manuel Cebrian
Issue Date:November 2011
pp. 22-30
Stealing-reality attacks attempt to steal social network and behavioral information through data collection and inference techniques, making them more dangerous than other types of identity theft.
 
Socially Aware Computation and Communication
Found in: Computer
By Alex (Sandy) Pentland
Issue Date:March 2005
pp. 33-40
Most would agree that today?s communication technology seems to be at war with human society. Pagers buzz, cell phones interrupt, and e-mail begs for attention. Technologists have responded with well-meaning solutions that ultimately fail because they igno...
 
Healthwear: Medical Technology Becomes Wearable
Found in: Computer
By Alex (Sandy) Pentland
Issue Date:May 2004
pp. 42-49
Until recently, researchers have had little success in extending healthcare into the home environment, yet there clearly is a huge demand for this service. Americans currently spend $27 billion on healthcare outside the formal medical establishment, which ...
 
DakNet: Rethinking Connectivity in Developing Nations
Found in: Computer
By Alex (Sandy) Pentland, Richard Fletcher, Amir Hasson
Issue Date:January 2004
pp. 78-83
<p>What is the basis for a progressive, market-driven migration from e-governance to universal broadband connectivity that local users will pay for?</p><p>DakNet, an ad hoc network that uses wireless technology to provide asynchronous dig...
 
Smart Clothes, Smart Rooms
Found in: Enabling Technologies, IEEE International Workshops on
By Alex (Sandy) Pentland
Issue Date:June 2001
pp. 3
We have been building a new generation of systems that combine wearable electronics with environmental infrastructure: smart clothes and smart rooms. The combination can provide simultaneous personal and public information spaces, allowing very fine-grain ...
   
Social Serendipity: Mobilizing Social Software
Found in: IEEE Pervasive Computing
By Nathan Eagle, Alex Pentland
Issue Date:April 2005
pp. 28-34
The Serendipity system senses a social environment and cues informal interactions between nearby users who don?t know each other, but probably should. The system uses Bluetooth hardware addresses to detect and identify proximate people and matches them fro...
 
Shiver Motion and Core Body Temperature Classification for Wearable Soldier Health Monitoring Systems
Found in: Wearable Computers, IEEE International Symposium
By Michael Sung, Rich DeVaul, Silvia Jimenez, Jonathan Gips, Alex (Sandy) Pentland
Issue Date:November 2004
pp. 192-193
We present a wearable real-time shiver monitor based on the MIThril LiveNet system, a flexible distributed mobile platform that can be used for a variety of proactive healthcare applications. In this exploratory study, we demonstrate that shivering can be ...
   
Facing the Future
Found in: Analysis and Modeling of Faces and Gestures, IEEE International Workshop on
By Alex (Sandy) Pentland
Issue Date:October 2003
pp. 4
No summary available.
   
VibeFones: Socially Aware Mobile Phones
Found in: Wearable Computers, IEEE International Symposium
By Anmol Madan, Alex Pentland
Issue Date:October 2006
pp. 109-112
Today's mobile phones are essentially off-the-shelf, mass-market wearable computers. In this paper, we describe mobile social software that uses tone of voice, location and proximity information to create a sophisticated understanding of people's social li...
 
Toward the Zero Attention Interface: Wearable Subliminal Cuing for Short Term Memory Support Memory
Found in: Wearable Computers, IEEE International Symposium
By R. W. DeVaul, A. Pentland
Issue Date:October 2002
pp. 0141
No summary available.
   
Evolution of Social Encounters in Ad-Hoc Mobile Face-to-Face Interaction Networks
Found in: 2012 International Conference on Social Informatics (SocialInformatics)
By Rahman O. Oloritun,Anmol Madan,Alex Pentland,Inas Khayal
Issue Date:December 2012
pp. 192-198
Several studies have suggested that propinquity, social, physical and psychological similarities are the major social processes required for the evolution social ties. This study attempts to understand the effect of these social processes on the creation o...
 
Summary abstract for the 1st ACM international workshop on personal data meets distributed multimedia
Found in: Proceedings of the 21st ACM international conference on Multimedia (MM '13)
By Alex Sandy Pentland, Ramesh Jain, Tat-Seng Chua, Vivek K. Singh
Issue Date:October 2013
pp. 1105-1106
Multimedia data are now created at a macro, public scale as well as individual personal scale. While distributed multimedia streams (e.g. images, microblogs, and sensor readings) have recently been combined to understand multiple spatio-temporal phenomena ...
     
Situation fencing: making geo-fencing personal and dynamic
Found in: Proceedings of the 1st ACM international workshop on Personal data meets distributed multimedia (PDM '13)
By Alex (Sandy) Pentland, Ramesh Jain, Siripen Pongpaichet, Vivek K. Singh
Issue Date:October 2013
pp. 3-10
Geo-fencing has recently been applied to multiple applications including media recommendation, advertisements, wildlife monitoring, and recreational activities. However current geo-fencing systems work with static geographical boundaries. Situation Fencing...
     
Awareness as an antidote to distance: making distributed groups cooperative and consistent
Found in: Proceedings of the ACM 2012 conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW '12)
By Alex "Sandy" Pentland, Pamela Hinds, Taemie Kim
Issue Date:February 2012
pp. 1237-1246
Sociometric feedback visualizes social signals among group members to increase their awareness of their communication patterns. We deployed the Meeting Mediator, a real-time sociometric feedback system to groups participating in two rounds of a social dile...
     
Modeling the co-evolution of behaviors and social relationships using mobile phone data
Found in: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Multimedia (MUM '11)
By Wen Dong, Alex (Sandy) Pentland, Bruno Lepri
Issue Date:December 2011
pp. 134-143
The co-evolution of social relationships and individual behavior in time and space has important implications, but is poorly understood because of the difficulty closely tracking the everyday life of a complete community. We offer evidence that relationshi...
     
Recognizing conversational context in group interaction using privacy-sensitive mobile sensors
Found in: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Multimedia (MUM '10)
By Alex (Sandy) Pentland, Daniel Gatica-Perez, Dinesh Babu Jayagopi, Taemie Kim
Issue Date:December 2010
pp. 1-4
The availability of mobile sociometric sensors allows Computer-Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW) designers the possibility to enhance online meeting support through automatic recognition of conversational context. This paper addresses the task of discrimin...
     
Quantifying group problem solving with stochastic analysis
Found in: International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces and the Workshop on Machine Learning for Multimodal Interaction (ICMI-MLMI '10)
By Alex "Sandy" Pentland, Wen Dong
Issue Date:November 2010
pp. 1-4
Quantifying the relationship between group dynamics and group performance is a key issue of increasing group performance. In this paper, we will discuss how group performance is related to several heuristics about group dynamics in performing several typic...
     
SocialCircuits: the art of using mobile phones for modeling personal interactions
Found in: Proceedings of the ICMI-MLMI '09 Workshop on Multimodal Sensor-Based Systems and Mobile Phones for Social Computing (ICMI-MLMI '09)
By Alex (Sandy) Pentland, Anmol Madan, Iolanthe Chronis
Issue Date:November 2009
pp. 1-4
We describe SocialCircuits, a platform capable of measuring the face-to-face and phone-based communication network of a real-world community. This platform uses commodity mobile phones to measure social ties between individuals, and uses long and short ter...
     
Meeting mediator: enhancing group collaborationusing sociometric feedback
Found in: Proceedings of the ACM 2008 conference on Computer supported cooperative work (CSCW '08)
By Agnes Chang, Alex Sandy Pentland, Lindsey Holland, Taemie Kim
Issue Date:November 2008
pp. 21-27
We present the Meeting Mediator (MM), a real-time portable system that detects social interactions and provides persuasive feedback to enhance group collaboration. Social interactions is captured using Sociometric badges [17] and are visualized on mobile p...
     
Meeting mediator: enhancing group collaboration with sociometric feedback
Found in: CHI '08 extended abstracts on Human factors in computing systems (CHI '08)
By Agnes Chang, Alex (Sandy) Pentland, Lindsey Holland, Taemie Kim
Issue Date:April 2008
pp. 49-54
In this paper we present the Meeting Mediator (MM), a real-time, personal, and portable system providing feedback to enhance group collaboration. Social interactions are captured using Sociometric badges [6] and are visualized on mobile phones to promote c...
     
A 'need to know' system for group classification
Found in: Proceedings of the 8th international conference on Multimodal interfaces (ICMI '06)
By Alex (Sandy) Pentland, Jonathan Gips, Wen Dong
Issue Date:November 2006
pp. 155-161
This paper outlines the design of a distributed sensor classification system with abnormality detection intended for groups of people who are participating in coordinated activities. The system comprises an implementation of a distributed Dynamic Bayesian ...
     
Socially aware media
Found in: Proceedings of the 13th annual ACM international conference on Multimedia (MULTIMEDIA '05)
By Alex (Sandy) Pentland
Issue Date:November 2005
pp. 690-695
Face-to-face communication conveys social context as well as words, and it is this social signaling that allows new information to be smoothly integrated into a shared, group-wide understanding. By building machines that understand social signaling and soc...
     
GroupMedia: distributed multi-modal interfaces
Found in: Proceedings of the 6th international conference on Multimodal interfaces (ICMI '04)
By Alex "Sandy" Pentland, Anmol Madan, Ron Caneel
Issue Date:October 2004
pp. 309-316
In this paper, we describe the GroupMedia system, which uses wireless wearable computers to measure audio features, head-movement, and galvanic skin response (GSR) for dyads and groups of interacting people. These group sensor measurements are then used to...
     
Multi-sensor Data Fusion Using the Influence Model
Found in: Wearable and Implantable Body Sensor Networks, International Workshop on
By Wen Dong, Alex Pentland
Issue Date:April 2006
pp. 72-75
System robustness against individual sensor failures is an important concern in multi-sensor networks. Unfortunately, the complexity of using the remaining sensors to interpolate missing sensor data grows exponentially due to the
 
Boosting and Structure Learning in Dynamic Bayesian Networks for Audio-Visual Speaker Detection
Found in: Pattern Recognition, International Conference on
By Tanzeem Choudhury, James M. Rehg, Vladimir Pavlović, Alex Pentland
Issue Date:August 2002
pp. 30789
Bayesian networks are an attractive modeling tool for human sensing, as they combine an intuitive graphical representation with efficient algorithms for inference and learning. Earlier work has demonstrated that boosted parameter learning could be used to ...
 
Browsing 3-D spaces with 3-D vision: body-driven navigation through the Internet city
Found in: 3D Data Processing Visualization and Transmission, International Symposium on
By Flavia Sparacino, Christopher Wren, Ali Azarbayejani, Alex Pentland
Issue Date:June 2002
pp. 224
This paper present a computer vision stereo based interface to navigate inside a 3-D Internet city, using body gesture. A wide-baseline stereo pair of cameras is used to obtain 3-D body models of the users? hands and head in a small desk-area environment. ...
 
Realtime Personal Positioning System for Wearable Computers
Found in: Wearable Computers, IEEE International Symposium
By Hisashi Aoki, Bernt Schiele, Alex Pentland
Issue Date:October 1999
pp. 37
Context awareness is an important functionality for wearable computers. In particular, the computer should know where the person is in the environment. This paper proposes an image sequence matching technique for the recognition of locations and previously...
 
Probabilistic Object Recognition and Localization
Found in: Computer Vision, IEEE International Conference on
By Bernt Schiele, Alex Pentland
Issue Date:September 1999
pp. 177
Objects can be represented by regions of local structure as well as dependencies between these regions. The appearance of local structure can be characterized by a vector of local features measured by local operators such as Gaussian derivatives or Gabor f...
 
Bayesian Image Retrieval in Biometric Databases
Found in: Multimedia Computing and Systems, International Conference on
By Baback Moghaddam, Alex Pentland
Issue Date:June 1999
pp. 610
We demonstrate a Bayesian technique for direct visual matching of biometric images for the purposes of face recognition and retrieval, using a probabilistic measure of facial similarity. This technique differs significantly from simpler methods which are b...
 
Media Actors: Characters in Search of an Author
Found in: Multimedia Computing and Systems, International Conference on
By Flavia Sparacino, Glorianna Davenport, Alex Pentland
Issue Date:June 1999
pp. 439
Interactive experiences benefit from natural interactions, compelling communication, and ease of implementation. We show how, according to these principles, interactive media architectures can be categorized as scripted, responsive, learning, or behavioral...
 
Smart Rooms, Smart Clothes
Found in: Pattern Recognition, International Conference on
By Alex Pentland
Issue Date:August 1998
pp. 949
No summary available.
 
Characterization of Neuropathological Shape Deformations
Found in: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
By John Martin, Alex Pentland, Stan Sclaroff, Ron Kikinis
Issue Date:February 1998
pp. 97-112
<p><b>Abstract</b>—We present a framework for analyzing the shape deformation of structures within the human brain. A mathematical model is developed describing the deformation of any brain structure whose shape is affected by both gross ...
 
Mixtures of Eigenfeatures for Real-Time Structure from Texture
Found in: Computer Vision, IEEE International Conference on
By Tony Jebara, Kenneth Russell, Alex Pentland
Issue Date:January 1998
pp. 128
We describe a face modeling system which estimates complete facial structure and texture from a real-time video stream. The system begins with a face tracking algorithm which detects and stabilizes live facial images into a canonical 3D pose. The resulting...
 
Tactual Displays for Wearable Computing
Found in: Wearable Computers, IEEE International Symposium
By Hong Z. Tan, Alex Pentland
Issue Date:October 1997
pp. 84
This paper provides a general overview of tactual displays (i.e., devices that communicate to a user through the sense of touch) and issues concerning the development of such displays for wearable computing. A wearable tactile directional display is presen...
 
Wearable Performance
Found in: Wearable Computers, IEEE International Symposium
By Flavia Sparacino, Alex Pentland, Glorianna Davenport
Issue Date:October 1997
pp. 181
Wearable computers offer the street performer powerful tools with which to create innovative experiences for the audience. As wearable technology moves computation from the desktop onto the user's body, it provides an invitation to free performance from th...
   
A Wearable Computer Based American Sign Language Recognizer
Found in: Wearable Computers, IEEE International Symposium
By Thad Starner, Joshua Weaver, Alex Pentland
Issue Date:October 1997
pp. 130
Modern wearable computer designs package workstation level performance in systems small enough to be worn as clothing. These machines enable technology to be brought where it is needed the most for the handicapped: everyday mobile environments. This paper ...
 
LAFTER: Lips and Face Real-Time Tracker
Found in: Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, IEEE Computer Society Conference on
By Nuria Oliver, Alex Pentland, Francois Berard
Issue Date:June 1997
pp. 123
This paper describes an active-camera real-time system for tracking, shape description, and classification of the human face and mouth using only an SGI Indy computer. The system is based on use of 2-D blob features, which are spatially-compact clusters of...
 
Cooperative Robust Estimation Using Layers of Support
Found in: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
By Trevor Darrell, Alex P. Pentland
Issue Date:May 1995
pp. 474-487
<p><it>Abstract</it>—We present an approach to the problem of representing images that contain multiple objects or surfaces. Rather than use an edge-based approach to represent the segmentation of a scene, we propose a multilayer estimati...
 
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