Entries with tag internet governance.

Brazil Takes Leading Role in Internet Governance

Brazil is among the first countries to pass a digital bill of rights. Legislators in the nation’s senate unanimously passed the Marco Civil, which protects companies including Google and Facebook from liability for content on their sites as well as ensures net neutrality and freedom of expression for users, this week. The move comes as the United States ends its oversight of the Internet Corporation for Assigned of Names and Numbers (ICANN), the non-profit responsible for the assignment of Internet domain names or addresses, within the next 18 months. It also coincides with the two-day Net Mundial conference in Sao Paulo, which started 23 April 2014, and includes discussions on cybersecurity, privacy, and Internet freedoms. Although representatives of many governments are attending, the Brazilian organizers insist each will have an equal footing with other participants, which include Internet companies, academics, technical experts, and other groups. No binding policy decisions will be made during the event, but it will launch discussions regarding Internet governance. It is reportedly the first international meeting on the Internet since the US National Security Agency was accused of illegally surveilling world leaders including Germany’s Angela Merkel and Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff. (Reuters – 1)(Reuters – 2)(Businessweek)

US Ends Administrative Control of Internet

The US will end its longtime administrative control of the Internet as it plans to transfer control to an international group whose operations will be determined during the next year or so. The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) will end its 15-year formal relationship with ICANN on 30 September 2015, when its contract with the organization expires. To prepare for the future, ICANN is developing a new Internet governance model that will include the public and private sectors, and, according to the NTIA, “maintain the security, stability and resiliency of the Internet Domain Name System.” ICANN has invited government agencies, companies, Internet organization and others to discuss the model at a meeting later this month in Singapore.

 

ICANN coordinates the Internet’s system of addresses and other identifiers. Many groups outside the US have argued for a decade that no single country should control an international resource like the Internet and have thus praised the US government’s decision. This push increased after recent revelations about US agencies using the Net to gather data on online communications. Many business leaders say this new approach will cause chaos in the management of the Internet, which they depend on for e-commerce and many other purposes. US officials say they have always planned to cede control of Internet administration to international control and have just been waiting for the right time to do so.
(BBC)(InfoWorld)(The United States National Telecommunications and Information Administration)
 

EU Commissioner: Internet Governance Should Be Global

The European Union is seeking an expanded role in Internet governance. The management and operations of the Internet must be reformed, said EU digital agenda commissioner Neelie Kroes upon proposing a new Internet governance policy. One of the keys is globalizing the US-based Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), which assigns top-level Internet domains. In light of the recent release of information about widespread Internet surveillance by US government agencies, various world leaders have questioned whether the US is a worthy Internet steward. Instead, said Kroes, Internet governance must become more global, transparent, and inclusive. The EU says governance should not be ceded to the United Nations but instead should be handled by all stakeholders, including governments, companies, civil society, and others. (SlashDot)(Network World)(The Wall Street Journal)(EUROPA)
 

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