Entries with tag icann.

Brazil Takes Leading Role in Internet Governance

Brazil is among the first countries to pass a digital bill of rights. Legislators in the nation’s senate unanimously passed the Marco Civil, which protects companies including Google and Facebook from liability for content on their sites as well as ensures net neutrality and freedom of expression for users, this week. The move comes as the United States ends its oversight of the Internet Corporation for Assigned of Names and Numbers (ICANN), the non-profit responsible for the assignment of Internet domain names or addresses, within the next 18 months. It also coincides with the two-day Net Mundial conference in Sao Paulo, which started 23 April 2014, and includes discussions on cybersecurity, privacy, and Internet freedoms. Although representatives of many governments are attending, the Brazilian organizers insist each will have an equal footing with other participants, which include Internet companies, academics, technical experts, and other groups. No binding policy decisions will be made during the event, but it will launch discussions regarding Internet governance. It is reportedly the first international meeting on the Internet since the US National Security Agency was accused of illegally surveilling world leaders including Germany’s Angela Merkel and Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff. (Reuters – 1)(Reuters – 2)(Businessweek)

US Ends Administrative Control of Internet

The US will end its longtime administrative control of the Internet as it plans to transfer control to an international group whose operations will be determined during the next year or so. The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) will end its 15-year formal relationship with ICANN on 30 September 2015, when its contract with the organization expires. To prepare for the future, ICANN is developing a new Internet governance model that will include the public and private sectors, and, according to the NTIA, “maintain the security, stability and resiliency of the Internet Domain Name System.” ICANN has invited government agencies, companies, Internet organization and others to discuss the model at a meeting later this month in Singapore.

 

ICANN coordinates the Internet’s system of addresses and other identifiers. Many groups outside the US have argued for a decade that no single country should control an international resource like the Internet and have thus praised the US government’s decision. This push increased after recent revelations about US agencies using the Net to gather data on online communications. Many business leaders say this new approach will cause chaos in the management of the Internet, which they depend on for e-commerce and many other purposes. US officials say they have always planned to cede control of Internet administration to international control and have just been waiting for the right time to do so.
(BBC)(InfoWorld)(The United States National Telecommunications and Information Administration)
 

ICANN Addresses Network Traffic Misdirection

With the number of top-level domains available on the Internet continuing to grow, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers is seeking ways to reduce the risk that traffic intended for network destinations within an organization may inadvertently be sent to the public Internet via the Domain Name System (DNS). There are now roughly 1,400 top-level domains, which makes it increasingly possible, says ICANN, that some of those domain names are being used by organizations for their corporate intranets. This sort of name collision can result in communications intended for intranets to be sent to the public Internet. Some information might, for example, include sensitive data or proprietary corporate information. ICANN—which is responsible for allocating IP addresses and managing the DNS—commissioned JAS Global Advisors, a risk-management consultancy, to issue a report including recommendations on how to address the issue. One recommendation was designating 127.0.53.53, an unusual IP address, to alert organization’s administrators in the event a name collision was eminent. The report’s authors say the return of such a unique address would likely cause the administrator to look up information about it that would enable her to determine the root of the problem. (SlashDot)(Computerworld Australia)(ICANN)

EU Commissioner: Internet Governance Should Be Global

The European Union is seeking an expanded role in Internet governance. The management and operations of the Internet must be reformed, said EU digital agenda commissioner Neelie Kroes upon proposing a new Internet governance policy. One of the keys is globalizing the US-based Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), which assigns top-level Internet domains. In light of the recent release of information about widespread Internet surveillance by US government agencies, various world leaders have questioned whether the US is a worthy Internet steward. Instead, said Kroes, Internet governance must become more global, transparent, and inclusive. The EU says governance should not be ceded to the United Nations but instead should be handled by all stakeholders, including governments, companies, civil society, and others. (SlashDot)(Network World)(The Wall Street Journal)(EUROPA)
 

ICANN Brand Database Intended to Thwart Cybersquatting

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers launched a centralized brand database designed to protect companies against infringement of their trademarked properties as new, generic top-level domains are launched. Trademarks can be used in the second-level domains, which occur “left of the dot,” such as “apple.tablets.” The Trademark Clearinghouse will list those trademarks verified by Deloitte to prevent third parties from registering domains opportunistically to gain from activities such as cybersquatting or conducting sales of counterfeit products. The trademark holders are allowed to register theirs before new gTLDs are launched and also are provided with a warning in the event one of their trademarks appears in a second level domain registration. Jan Corstens, a partner at Deloitte who will be overseeing the clearinghouse, told Reuters they have no idea how many trademarks will be registered or the types of trademarks that might be registered. He expects companies active in Western Europe, the US, and Japan to be the most active in the clearinghouse. The annual TMCH fee ranges from US$95 to US$150 per trademark. It remains unclear when the gTLDs will go live. (ZDNet)(Thomson Reuters News and Insight)

ICANN Approves New Domains

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers has approved and released a list of 27 new Top Level Domain names. All of these are reportedly non-English domain names, which are primarily Chinese and Arabic language domain names. At least one of these is designated for regional telcos. ICANN says it will be releasing 30 Initial Evaluations per week and will eventually release 100 per week. It expects to have all these published by the end of August 2013. (SlashDot)(V3.co.uk)(Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers - 1)(Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers – 2)

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