Early Computer Color Matching and Computer Graphics

July–September 2014

IEEE Annals magazine cover

This issue includes a special Comments, Queries, and Debates department by Martin Campbell-Kelly in which he explores an ongoing discussion regarding breadth versus depth in the history of computing and describes an exchange on the topic with Donald Knuth. This issue also features several articles that discuss unanticipated but ultimately influential uses of electronic computers. Specifically, Thomas Haigh, Mark Priestley, and Crispin Rope explore the development of the first computer-based implementation of the Monte Carlo algorithm; David Hemmendinger explores the development of computational techniques for solving the problem of color matching; and Eduardo Perez Molina uses patent records from the 1940s and 1950s to provide context for the revolution in computer graphics that began in the 1960s. Lastly, Ramesh Subramanian's article "Technology Policy and National Identity: The Microcomputer Comes to India" gives a history of an indigenous microcomputer produced by the Hindustan Computers Limited in the late 1970s. Read full article »

About IEEE Annals of the History of Computing

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing covers the breadth of computer history through scholarly articles by leading computer scientists and historians, as well as firsthand accounts by computing pioneers. Annals is the authoritative archival journal for the history of computing.

Articles from IEEE Annals of the History of Computing


Engineering "The Miracle of the ENIAC": Implementing the Modern Code Paradigm

The second in a series of three articles, this installment sheds light on the conversion of ENIAC to the "modern code paradigm," drawing a comparison with the first modern computers. Read full article »

The Arpanet IMP Program: Retrospective and Resurrection

The Arpanet IMP Program: Retrospective and Resurrection

While the technological side of the Arpanet Interface Message Processor (IMP) has been documented in detail, this article delves into the historical side, the development, use, and later historical experiments with IMP. Read full article »


Seeking Editor in Chief for IEEE Annals of the History of Computing

The IEEE Computer Society seeks applicants for the position of editor in chief, serving a two-year term starting 1 January 2015. Prospective candidates are asked to provide (as PDF files), by 31 August 2014, a complete curriculum vitae, a brief plan for the publication's future, and a letter of support from their institution or employer. Applicants will be notified of the search results shortly after the November 2014 CS Board of Governors meeting. More information

Special Features

Interview with Jonathan Koomey
In today's era of battery-powered mobile devices, computing is being driven as much by energy efficiency as by performance. Research by Stanford University associate professor Jonathan Koomey discovered that since the 1940s, computers' energy efficiency has doubled about every year and a half. The Inside Story interviewed Koomey to learn more about his research and his predictions for the future. Hear interview and read full article »

The History of the History of Software
In this article, Martin Campbell-Kelly describes how writing software history has evolved over the last 40 years. The article has stirred up strong feelings among writers and readers of computing history. Read full article »

Web Extras:
Anecdotes and Events & Sightings

All IEEE Computer Society magazines are being published in ePub format.