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Business leaders are expecting wrenching change to their industry sectors in the future, due to the impacts of technology, according to the latest executive summary by the Economist Intelligence Unit and sponsored by Ricoh. The research, set for full release in March 2012, reveals that more than one-third of leaders surveyed believe their organization will be unable to keep up with technology and they'll lose their competitive edge. One-third of IT industry leaders believe their businesses will disappear altogether, while six out of 10 survey respondents believe the markets where they operate will be significantly altered between now and 2020, bearing little similarity to today.
Business structures are also likely to change - 63 percent predict a shift to decentralized structures with a far-reaching devolution of business decision-making authority move to the periphery of organizations. Adding to this, they believe that customers will generate almost as many new ideas for the improvement of business processes as employees. And by 2020 customers will generate the most new product or service ideas.
"Over the last two decades, we've experienced more technology driven change in business than any other," said David Mills, executive vice president, Operations Ricoh Europe. "It is also clear that more change will happen and it is employees and customers that will play a key role in driving the changes by the way they are using it."
In addition, 59 percent of those surveyed agreed that the concept of non-digital information will be utterly foreign to most employees by 2020. "While the acceleration of digital information is certain to increase inside organisations, the challenge is to ensure critical business processes, both digital and non-digital are integrated and easily accessed by employees across the organisation", adds Mills. "This becomes even more crucial with the steady increase of mobile working and the need to access information across multiple locations."
Denis McCauley, Economist Intelligence Unit said, "Despite the uncertainty for some when anticipating the future, the majority of business executives (70 percent) agreed there were significant opportunities for technology to improve the way they conduct business and there are plenty of gains to be made in improving operating efficiency. What is certain is that technology will continue to be a source of continued change to markets and industries between now and 2020."
The research, undertaken by the Economist Intelligence Unit and sponsored by Ricoh, is the most comprehensive analysis to date on the impact of technology on the future workplace, and was developed through dedicated interviews with 567 senior business leaders across the globe within 20 sectors. 46 percent of respondents hold C-suite positions, with 43 per cent earning annual revenues of US$500 million or more.
According to salary research from Robert Half, demand for positions such as mobile application developers, data warehouse analysts, and user experience (UX) designers is expected to grow in the coming year as companies look to invest in their information technology infrastructure and digital presence.
As companies strive to reach consumers on smartphones, tablets, and other mobile devices, they will need applications developers who can develop for the small screen. Starting salaries for mobile applications developers are projected to increase 9.1 percent to a range of $85,000 to $122,500 in the coming year, according to Robert Half.
Maintaining data has become an increasingly complex task, which is why companies need data warehouse analysts who can collect, analyze, and mine stored data. Anticipated base compensation for these professionals is expected to climb 6.7 percent to between $88,000 and $119,000 in 2012.
For UX designers, the starting pay is expected to rise 6.2 percent to a range of $71,750 to $104,000. Data security analysts can expect base salaries to rise 6 percent to between $89,000 and $121,500, and base salaries for SEO/SEM specialists with three or more years of experience are projected to increase by 6 percent, to a range of $63,750 to $87,500.
Starting salaries for network engineers are expected to rise 5.8 percent to a range of $75,000 to $107,750, and Web developers should see a 5.4 percent increade in compensation, to between $61,250 and $99,250.
Although tech hiring is experiencing a seasonal slowing, US recruiters still placed more ads for new tech openings than for other occupations, according to Wanted Analytics.
During October, US recruiters placed 220,000 new job ads for tech-related openings, up 5.7 percent over October 2010, but down from May 2010, when 250,000 tech jobs were advertised.
Some of the most commonly advertised computer programming job titles include project manager, software engineer, Java developer, business analyst, systems administrator, database administrator, and programmer. Of these in-demand jobs, programmers saw the greatest increase, with a 15 percent year-over-year growth. Database administrators were the only occupation of the above mentioned that saw a decline, down 1 percent compared to last year.
Metropolitan areas with the highest hiring demand for technology talent included New York; Washington, DC; Chicago; Atlanta; and Los Angeles. Employers and recruiting firms in New York placed more than 18,000 new job ads, the most of any city. This, however, represented a 1 percent decline in hiring demand versus October 2010. Washington and Los Angeles also saw a year-over-year declines in job ad volume, while Chicago increased by 11 percent and Atlanta grew 27 percent compared to the same time period in 2010.
According to Wanted Analytics' Hiring Scale, which measures conditions in local job markets by comparing hiring demand and labor supply, the nationwide talent pool consists of about four potential candidates per advertised job. However, some locations will find these jobs harder to fill based on a smaller local talent supply. For example, the candidate pool within the Washington, DC metro area consists of 3 potential candidates and jobs ads are online for an average of 45 days, in comparison to the national average of 40 days. The Hiring Scale also shows that the easiest places to recruit for tech talent are Lebanon, Pennsylvania; Beaumont, Texas; and Elkhart, Indiana.
Carnegie Mellon University and Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU) will establish a joint Institute of Engineering in Guangzhou, China, initially offering master's and doctoral degrees in electrical and computer engineering beginning in 2013. SYSU is located in southern China in Guangzhou along the Pearl River Delta, an important economic and technology hub of the Asia-Pacific region.
The mission of the joint Institute of Engineering will be to deliver world-class education in engineering, perform cutting-edge research and development, and find solutions to real-world engineering problems. Another goal is to help implement successful technology transfer to China-based industries, including helping move Chinese industries from mass-production to technology/innovation-based businesses.
China reported annual gross domestic product growth of 9.1 percent in the third quarter of 2011 and the International Monetary Fund has forecast growth of 9.5 percent for all of 2011. SYSU is located about 100 miles northeast of important trade and economic centers like Hong Kong and Macau, giving it access to one of the Asia-Pacific region's most vital business hubs.
"Our vision for the joint institute is that it will educate leaders, develop innovative engineering education and lead China in enhancing engineering education," said Pradeep K. Khosla, the Dowd University Professor and dean of Carnegie Mellon's College of Engineering.
Carnegie Mellon's engineering undergraduate and graduate programs both rank in the top 10 in the US, according to U.S. News and World Report. The college hosts programs in Portugal and recently announced it would offer courses in Rwanda.
Nearly three-quarters of the 700 network professionals surveyed by Network World and SolarWinds have certifications, and most said they led to promotions, new jobs, or pay raises. Some 40 percent said that certs increased their pay by more than 10 percent.
Half of respondents said that they pursued certifications to get a promotion or to be eligible for a new job, according to the Network World survey. Only 8 percent said that certifications were required by their job, and only 11 percent said that earning a certification led to a salary boost in the job they already had. More than one-quarter invested in a certification to learn the technology.
More than one-third of respondents indicated they had a security-related certificate, with the CompTIA Security+ named the most popular security certificate. Cisco-related certifications remain the most popular and valuable overall, with the challenging CCIE held by 44 percent of those making more than $110,000. Microsoft certs were held by 39 percent overall and the CompTIA Network+ by almost one-quarter. In addition, some 16 percent had additional networking certifications, from a wide variety of vendors such as HP, Brocade and Avaya.
Almost half (44 percent) of respondents had SysAdmin and/or virtualization certifications, with about one-third earning them on Microsoft server technologies and 20 percent having VMware-specific certs too. Among those making less than $110,000, the entry-level CompTIA A+ is by far the most popular. Among those making $110,000 or more, Microsoft and VMware are the top choices. Certs involving open source virtualization technologies, Citrix and Red Hat were the least popular of them all, a scant 2 percent.
Three-quarters of respondents were from the private sector. Their workplaces ranged from SMBs to global enterprises. Most IT professionals agreed that a good reason to get a certification is to prove a baseline of knowledge when the resume runs short.
The Anita Borg Institute for Women and Technology concluded this year’s Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing with the Codeathon for Humanity. Participants included Google Crisis Response, Kids on Computers, and Sahana Software Foundation.
A keynote by Shirley Ann Jackson, president of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, addressed the importance of meeting today's challenges and opportunities with a global perspective. “Science and technology work across language and culture in a special way. They are global disciplines that reach past nationalities and ethnicities. Thanks to new technologies, we have the opportunity to work in a coordinated way as we face challenges that affect everyone on this planet,” she said.
High-ranking technology executives spoke on a plenary panel entitled Partnering with Executive Leaders for Shared Vision and Career Growth. The plenary addressed how increasing women at executive levels can only be accomplished when men and women have frank and open conversations that bring together organizational and personal strengths, and map them to business goals and objectives.
The Award Ceremony featured technical women whose work has positively impacted the lives of women in technology. The Anita Borg Social Impact Award winner went to Anne Ikiara, general manager of NairoBits. Mary Lou Soffa, the Owen R. Cheatham Professor and department chair of the Computer Science Department at the University of Virginia, received the Anita Borg Technical Leadership Award. The Denice Denton Award winner was Tiffani Williams, associate professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at Texas A&M University.
Anita Borg Change Agent Award winners were Marita Cheng from Australia, founder of Robogals, a student-run organization that aims to increase female participation in engineering, science and technology; and Judith Owigar from Kenya, the president of Akirachix, a revolution for African women and technology which gives African women a voice in science and technology.
US college and university admission offers to prospective international graduatestudents increased 9 percent in 2011, marking the largest increase since 2006. According to the Council of Graduate Schools, first-time international graduate enrollment also increased in 2011, jumping 8 percent, following a 3 percent increase in 2010.
Overall, the 237 institutions responding to the CGS survey conferred about 61 percent of the 96,000 graduate degrees awarded to international students in the US in 2008-09.
China, India, and South Korea are the top three countries of origin for US international graduate students, accounting for about one-half of all non-US citizens on temporary visas attending US. The CGS survey revealed a 21 percent increase in admission offers to prospective graduatestudents from China, the sixth consecutive year of double-digit growth.
Offers of admission to prospective graduate students from the Middle East and Turkey increased 16 pervcent in 2011, following a 10 percent gain in 2010 and a 14 percent gain in 2009. Offers of admission to prospective graduate students from India rose 2 percent in 2011, the first increase to occur for students from India since 2007.
Nearly two-thirds of all international graduate students at US institutions are enrolled in engineering, physical and earth sciences (which includes mathematics and computer science), orbusiness.
Although the majority of Americans surveyed said privacy is important during a job search, many are not taking appropriate steps to keep their searches confidential, according to a Wakefield Research survey commissioned by TheLadders.com.
Some 88 percent of those surveyed prefer privacy, but only 37 percent of Americans bother to check website privacy settings before posting their resumes and 76 percent mistakenly believe it's impossible to keep a job search private.
"Americans want their privacy, and we strongly believe that a job search should not require an individual to give it up," says Marc Cenedella, founder and CEO of TheLadders. "TheLadders was created with the job seeker in mind, and we pride ourselves on being able to provide privacy to all our members that does not impede on their success to find the job they want."
Among other findings:
The number of jobs in computer systems design and related services has increased 65 percent over the last year, but decreased by 2,300 over the past month, according to new figures from Janco Associates. In addition, the number of jobs in information services increased by 21 percent and the number of jobs in the telecom sector shrank by 43 percent.
Overall, however, IT hiring slowed in October, with a net loss of 2,300 jobs in October. Janco CEO Victor Janulaitis said that compares to a gain of 31,800 jobs in September. “According to the BLS data there was an overall loss of IT jobs with the telecommunications job market losing 900 jobs, computer system design and related services losing 2,300 jobs, data processing and hosting losing 500 jobs, and with only a small increase (1,400 job added) in other information services," he said.
Over the past three months, there has been a net loss of 4,800 jobs. Janulaitis added that the BLS data is in line with what he has found in interviews with both CIOs and CFOs in companies that have IT departments with at least 100 IT professionals.
HTML5 is the No. 1 job trend, the fastest-growing term over the last year, according to Indeed.com. HTML5 beat out Mobile app in second place and Android in third place for job openings.
Other terms that are increasingly popping up in job openings are: Twitter, jQuery, Facebook, Social Media, iPhone, Cloud Computing, and Virtualization, according to Indeed.com.
Siemens US said it has hired 520 veterans this year to fill high-skill, high wage jobs and by the end of the year expects 600 veterans to have joined its workforce.
Veterans at Siemens are being hired for positions in the Energy, Infrastructure and Cities, Industry and Healthcare sectors in job categories ranging from field engineers to service technicians to sales and marketing roles, with highly competitive salaries.
Siemens recently hired 30 veterans with skills in aviation and mechanics to serve as wind service technicians at wind farms in Texas. At a new distribution center opening in Oklahoma, more than 50 percent of hires are military veterans with skills in logistics and materials handling. Siemens Energy in Orlando has hired veterans for their Sales and Marketing Development Program, investing more than $200,000 per veteran for the 14-month training program.
"The comprehensive technical training and experience veterans gain in military service makes them uniquely qualified for positions in innovative industries where jobs are being created," said Eric Spiegel, president and CEO of Siemens Corp.
Earlier this year, Siemens participated in the launch of Joining Forces, a White House initiative to support America's service members and their families, and pledged to reserve 10 percent of its open position for veterans. Siemens exceeded this goal in three months and due to the successful integration of these employees into the Siemens workforce increased its commitment by an additional 50 percent.
To help make the transition from military life to civilian careers easier, Siemens provides extensive job training and has mobilized the Siemens Veterans Network, the first national employee resource group at Siemens. With more than 400 members, the group supports veterans through a program with American Corporate Partners, community outreach events and other organizations. Siemens also hosts online discussions managed by veterans within the company to provide information and support for new veteran hires.
AMD's new CEO has announced a restructuring that will save the company $118 million next year but result in the loss of an estimated 1,400 jobs, about 10 percent of its workforce.
"Reducing our cost structure and focusing our global workforce on key growth opportunities will strengthen AMD's competitiveness and allow us to aggressively pursue a balanced set of strategic activities designed to accelerate future growth," said Rory Read, AMD president and CEO.
The layoffs will affect all regions. They are expected to be completed by March 2012. The company said it will be investing some of the savings to focus on lower power, emerging markets, and the cloud.
Six US technology trade organizations and their members are pushing for recommendations that they hope will improve the American economy and support innovation.
The recommendations were contained in a letter sent to the Joint Committee on Deficit Reduction sponsored by TechNet, Business Software Alliance, Consumer Electronics Association, Information Technology Industry Council, Silicon Valley Leadership Group, and TechAmerica. The letter included recommendations on tax reform, research and development, spectrum, smart deployment of information technology to reduce waste, high-skilled immigration reform, deployment, among others.
The groups are pushing for tax reform, in particular calling for the US to "repatriate the approximate $1 trillion in accumulated foreign earnings that are locked outside of our country because of an antiquated and punitive tax code."
The companies also back continued investment in research and development even in tough times and called on lawmakers to resolve the deficit issues. They are urging that more spectrum be made available for mobile broadband and increasing the number of employment-based visas for highly educated workers.
Continued adoption of smartphones and tablets is heightening demand for individuals with experience creating and organizing content for the small screen, according to Robert Half Technology's latest salary report. As a result, starting salaries for mobile applications developers are expected to rise 9.1 percent over 2010 levels to a range of $85,000 to $122,500.
Businesses are also seeking those who can gather and organize data and highlight what's relevant to business goals. Among the positions most in demand are business intelligence analysts, who will see a 6.3 percent increase in average starting salaries to a range of $87,750 to $123,500, according to RHT.
Data security and protection also continue to be a priority for companies, particularly in the banking and healthcare industries. Consequently, starting salaries for data security analysts are expected to increase 6 percent to a range of $89,000 to $121,500.
As firms increase their use of internal social media to facilitate collaboration and online learning, there's an increasing need for software developers, especially those with SharePoint and .NET experience, according to RHT. The base compensation for software developers is expected to rise 6.5 percent next year to a range of $70,000 to $111,000.
"The demand for professionals who can help companies take advantage of new technologies, such as mobile media or popular collaboration tools, is outpacing the supply in some cases," said John Reed, executive director of Robert Half Technology. "This has resulted in higher starting salaries within certain specialty areas."
Adding social capabilities to applications, the cloud's impact on development, and dealing with big data are three of the top trends that Nucleus Research sees for 2012.
Spurred by the adoption of Facebook, many enterprise software vendors haveclamored to add social capabilities to their applications. Salesforce.com hasChatter, Microsoft and others have social connectors, and new vendors such asHubSpot and Yammer have emerged to capitalize on the social phenomenon.Nucleus has found that integrating capabilities like Chatter can drive anaverage 20 percent productivity increase.
The cloud has made development faster and more iterative. When changes can be made on the fly, companies can deploy once and then adapt an application as business needschange or become clearer. Moving forward, the cloud will also make developmenteven more virtual: companies don’t care where the developer is as long as goodcode is delivered on time, the analyst firm notes.
Although big data has been overhyped, Nucleus Research believes companies will soon make smarter decisions by using analytics to comb through huge amounts of data.
Nucleus also sees the continuing trend of companies spending more on technology to make existing employees more productive, rather than hiring new employees.
According to Nucleus, the next decade will also be about making software more intuitive, integrated, and self teaching so it makes individual end users more productive.
Santa Clara University's efforts to recruit and retain women in computing-related majors are paying off. The university has increased the number of women enrolled in computing-related majors by 31 percent over the last two years.
"Having more women students in the computing discipline provides a broader range of backgrounds and perspectives," said Ruth Davis, SCU School of Engineering's associate dean for Undergraduate Studies. "Women are great communicators and listeners, and they're extremely creative, experience life differently, and have different expectations than their male colleagues. Thus, a diverse group of women and men in the computing world can drive innovation."
According to the US Department of Labor, in 2009, women accounted for 58 percent of the workforce but only 25 percent of computing jobs. SCU's efforts are part of its participation in National Center for Women & Information Technology.
SCU's School of Engineering created a new degree in Web Design and Engineering that has attracted more women than the Computer Science and Engineering degree programs. Computer Engineering Associate Professor Silvia Figueira has implemented a volunteer tutoring program to boost the confidence of students, particularly women and students from underrepresented groups. The university has also taken women to conferences and banquets that mentor junior women and provide networking and professional development opportunities.
SCU also offers a special luncheon for women in computing majors on the first day of finals each term where they socialize, exchange experiences, and form an ad hoc support group. The School of Engineering celebrates all female engineering students at a "Women in Engineering" dinner every fall.
In its latest salary survey, Janco Associates notes that although overall IT compensation remains flat, hiring is up, especially for programmers.
Mean compensation for all IT professionals has decreased by 0.39 percent to $78,078, from $77,773 at the beginning of 2011. This takes IT salaries back to January 2008 levels, Janco notes.
IT hiring is up, however. Since January, 55,500 IT jobs have been added in the US, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Janco said midsized enterprises are beginning to hire programmers, mid-level infrastructure managers, and supervisors.
Layoffs seem to have tapered off, however some companies continue to cut the size of the IT organizations. Onshore outsourcing has apparently peaked and companies have been looking to bring IT operations back under their direct control and reduce operating costs.
In addition, companies are continuing to reduce the benefits provided to IT professionals by requiring them to pay a greater share of healthcare costs.
C++, used in everything from Web browsers to 3D videogames, has been updated and published as an ISO/IEC standard. ISO/IEC 14882:2011, Information technology – Programming languages – C++ defines the programming language and specifies requirements for implementation. Also known as C++11, this marks the first major revision of the standard since 1998.
According to ISO/IEC, C++11's new features make it even more flexible. For example, lambda functions, move semantics, and variadic templates enable developers to use powerful expressiveness and strong abstraction to write efficient, high-performance code with full access to hardware when needed. The new C++11 also has auto type deduction and explicit virtual override control.
“During recent years the industry has paid more attention to ‘newer’ managed-code environments like Java that emphasize programmer convenience at the expense of expressive power and performance, for example by requiring always-on garbage collection, metadata for reflection, and virtual machine execution that incur a performance expense even when they’re not needed or used,” said Herb Sutter, Convener of the ISO working group that developed the standard.
Traditional programming using native languages like C++ continues to have its place, he said, adding that C++11’s code is now as fast, clean, and safe as code written with other modern languages.
C++ is a general purpose programming language based on the C programming language ( ISO/IEC 9899:1999). In addition to the facilities provided by C, C++ provides additional data types, classes, templates, exceptions, namespaces, operator overloading, function name overloading, references, free store management operators, and additional library facilities.
Eight tech companies were among the top 25 global companies listed in Newsweek's recent Green Rankings. US-based IT services firm IBM was the second-greenest company, followed by the UK's BT Group (6), and Indian IT services providers Tata Consultancy Services (7), and Infosys (8).
Swisscom (10), Bell Canada (12), Fujitsu (13), Hewlett-Packard (15), and Sprint-Nextel (16), SAP (20), Nokia (21), Samsung (22), Telecom Italia (23), and Dell (25) were also recognized for their environmental awareness in the ranking of green global companies.
To produce the 2011 Green Rankings, Newsweek collaborated with leading environmental research providers, Trucost, and Sustainalytics to assess each company’s environmental footprint, management of that footprint, and transparency.
A new survey of CIOs around the world finds that more than half of them feel well-positioned to be promoted to CEO. CA Technologies surveyed 685 CIOs, and found that 53 percent had higher executive ambitions.
"Today technology is at the heart of business strategy for many organizations and is no longer seen as a support function merely aligned with the business, but rather as the principal driver of business transformation to gain competitive advantage. The modern CIO is an experienced professional with an eye for the bigger picture, as evidenced by the results in this report," said Jacob Lamm, executive vice president of Strategy and Corporate Development for CA Technologies.
Just under half (42 percent) of CIOs say that they have the necessary skills to migrate to the CEO role making them an able and motivated candidate. However, CIOs also think that other job roles have greater experience of the skills required to become CEO. This is corroborated by this research which has uncovered that of today's current CEOs, 29 percent have risen from the chief financial officer position. Twenty three percent were previously chief operating officers, compared to the 4 percent of CEOs who have risen from the CIO position. This suggests that the CIO is being overlooked by CEOs and the board in succession planning.
"Finding a suitable successor is a critical component of the chief executive's role in many businesses. The traditional way that companies have groomed C-level executives however is overdue for a refresh. The research shows that progression from COO and CFO are the most common routes to the top, but the research also reveals that modern CIOs are not only a contender for the role, but also a serious candidate with unique advantages over their peers," commented Sarah Greensmith, Managing Director, IT at Hudson, the executive search specialists.
When asked why relatively few CIOs had successfully made the transition to the CEO role, 58 percent of CIOs stated that their role is typically viewed as technical and 53 percent said it is viewed as a role that runs a business support function rather than a core business area. Sixteen percent of CIOs also believe there is prejudice within their organization against CIO progression.
One in four CIOs stated that their board was "digitally illiterate" and did not understand the impact of new and emerging technologies, and a further 39 percent of CIOs said that the board didn't understand the value that IT brings to the business. CIOs report these oversights as the cause of lack of responsiveness to the market (45 percent), missed business opportunities (40 percent) and slower time to market (38 percent).
"Five or six years ago, many businesses introduced the CIO job title with the idea that it was about maintaining the technical platform. However, the CIO role should be seen as not only leading the technology side of the business, but adding value and creating cost efficiencies, bringing the role to life by making the board digitally literate and helping them understand how technology can help from a business perspective," Greensmith continued.
The business impact was recognized. According to 45 percent of CIOs, the board's failure to understand and recognize the contribution that technology and the CIO makes to the business – are concerning. As a result, they fear that the company may not be viewed as a market leader. The external effect of this perception could have a profound impact on the success of a business and its ability to deliver shareholder value.
Joe Peppard, Professor of Information Systems, Cranfield School of Management said, "CEOs and the board need to embrace the knowledge and experience of their CIO rather than pigeon-hole them with pre-supposed opinions. Boardrooms need diversity, and a strategic understanding of technology can no longer be under-represented in any development of sound business strategy including succession planning for the CEO role."
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