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Ninth International Workshop on Frontiers in Handwriting Recognition (IWFHR'04)
Model Structure Selection and Training Algorithms for an HMM Gesture Recognition System
Kokubunji, Tokyo, Japan
October 26-October 29
ISBN: 0-7695-2187-8
Nianjun Liu, University of Queensland
Brian C. Lovell, University of Queensland
Peter J. Kootsookos, University of Queensland
Richard I. A. Davis, University of Queensland
Hidden Markov models using the Fully-Connected, Left-Right and Left-Right Banded model structures are applied to the problem of alphabetical letter gesture recognition. We examine the effect of training techniques, in particular the Baum-Welch and Viterbi Path Counting techniques, on each of the model structures. We show that recognition rates improve when moving from a Fully-Connected model to a Left-Right model and a Left-Right Banded ?staircase? model with peak recognition rates of 84.8%, 92.31% and 97.31% respectively. The Left-Right Banded model in conjunction with the Viterbi Path Counting present the best performance. Direct calculation of model parameters from analysis of the physical system was also tested, yielding a peak recognition rate of 92%, but the simplicity and efficiency of this approach is of interest.
Citation:
Nianjun Liu, Brian C. Lovell, Peter J. Kootsookos, Richard I. A. Davis, "Model Structure Selection and Training Algorithms for an HMM Gesture Recognition System," iwfhr, pp.100-105, Ninth International Workshop on Frontiers in Handwriting Recognition (IWFHR'04), 2004
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