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Ninth International Workshop on Frontiers in Handwriting Recognition (IWFHR'04)
Using Informational Confidence Values for Classifier Combination: An Experiment with Combined On-Line/Off-Line Japanese Character Recognition
Kokubunji, Tokyo, Japan
October 26-October 29
ISBN: 0-7695-2187-8
Stefan Jaeger, University of Maryland at College Park
Classifier combination has turned out to be a powerful tool for achieving high recognition rates, especially in fields where the development of a powerful single classifier system requires considerable efforts. However, the intensive investigation of multiple classifier systems has not resulted in a convincing theoretical foundation yet. Lacking proper mathematical concepts, many systems still use empirical heuristics and ad hoc combination schemes. My paper presents an information-theoretical framework for combining confidence values generated by different classifiers. The main idea is to normalize each confidence value in such a way that it equals its informational content. Based on Shannon?s notion of information, I measure information by means of a performance function that estimates the classification performance for each confidence value on an evaluation set. Having equalized each confidence value with the information actually conveyed, I can use the elementary sum-rule to combine confidence values of different classifiers. Experiments for combined on-line/off-line Japanese character recognition show clear improvements over the best single recognition rate.
Citation:
Stefan Jaeger, "Using Informational Confidence Values for Classifier Combination: An Experiment with Combined On-Line/Off-Line Japanese Character Recognition," iwfhr, pp.87-92, Ninth International Workshop on Frontiers in Handwriting Recognition (IWFHR'04), 2004
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