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27th International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems (ICDCS '07)
Protocol Design and Optimization for Delay/Fault-Tolerant Mobile Sensor Networks
Toronto, Canada
June 25-June 27
ISBN: 0-7695-2837-3
Yu Wang, University of Louisiana at Lafayette
Hongyi Wu, University of Louisiana at Lafayette
Feng Lin, University of Louisiana at Lafayette
Nian-Feng Tzeng, University of Louisiana at Lafayette
While extensive studies have been carried out in the past several years for many sensor applications, they cannot be applied to the network with extremely low and intermittent connectivity, dubbed the Delay/Fault-Tolerant Mobile Sensor Network (DFT-MSN). Without end-to-end connections due to sparse network density and sensor node mobility, routing in DFT-MSN becomes localized and ties closely to medium access control, which naturally calls for merging Layer 3 and Layer 2 protocols in order to reduce overhead and improve network efficiency. DFT-MSN is fundamentally an opportunistic network, where the communication links exist only with certain probabilities and become the scarcest resource. At the same time, the sensor nodes in DFT-MSN have very limited battery power like those in other sensor networks. Clearly, there is a tradeoff between link utilization and energy efficiency. To address this tradeoff, we develop a cross-layer data delivery protocol for DFT-MSN, which includes two phases, i.e., the asynchronous phase and the synchronous phase. In the first phase, the sender contacts its neighbors to identify a set of appropriate receivers. Since no central control exists, the communication in the first phase is contention-based. In the second phase, the sender gains channel control and multicasts its data message to the receivers. Furthermore, several optimization issues in these two phases are identified, with solutions provided to reduce the collision probability and to balance between link utilization and energy efficiency. Our results show that the proposed cross-layer data delivery protocol for DFT-MSN achieves a high message delivery ratio with low energy consumption and an acceptable delay.
Citation:
Yu Wang, Hongyi Wu, Feng Lin, Nian-Feng Tzeng, "Protocol Design and Optimization for Delay/Fault-Tolerant Mobile Sensor Networks," icdcs, pp.7, 27th International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems (ICDCS '07), 2007
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