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What Do We Know about Agile Software Development?
September/October 2009 (vol. 26 no. 5)
pp. 6-9
Tore Dybâ, SINTEF Information and Communication Technology
Torgeir Dingsøyr, SINTEF Information and Communication Technology
From 1,996 studies available in the agile software development literature, the authors identified 36 research studies of acceptable rigor, credibility, and relevance to include in a systematic review of empirical evidence for agile development's benefits and limitations. The review results suggest that despite some limitations, agile development can improve job satisfaction, project productivity, and customer satisfaction.

1. "Software and Services in Large Enterprises," Business Technographics, Forrester Research, 2005; www.forrester.com/Research/Document/Excerpt 0,7211,38659,00.html.
2. T. Dybå, "Improvisation in Small Software Organizations," IEEE Software, vol. 17, no. 5, 2000, pp. 82–87.
3. B. Boehm, "Get Ready for Agile Methods, with Care," Computer, vol. 35, no. 1, 2002, pp. 64–69.
4. S. Nerur and V. Balijepally, "Theoretical Re-flections on Agile Development Methodologies," Comm. ACM, vol. 50, no. 3, 2007, pp. 79–83.
5. P. Abrahamsson et al., Agile Software Development Methods: Review and Analysis, tech. report, VTT Electronics, 2002.
6. P. Abrahamsson et al., "New Directions on Agile Methods: A Comparative Analysis," Proc. 25th Int'l Conf. Software Eng. (ICSE 03), IEEE CS Press, 2003, pp. 244–254.
7. D. Cohen, M. Lindvall, and P. Costa, "An Introduction to Agile Methods," Advances in Computers, Vol. 62: Advances in Software Engineering, M.V. Zelkowitz ed., Elsevier, 2004, pp. 1–66.
8. J. Erickson, K. Lyytinen, and K. Siau, "Agile Modeling, Agile Software Development, and Extreme Programming: The State of Research," J. Database Management, vol. 16, no. 4, 2005, pp. 88–100.
9. T. Dybå and T. Dings⊘yr, "Empirical Studies of Agile Software Development: A Systematic Review," Information and Software Technology, vol. 50, nos. 9–10, 2008, pp. 833–859.
10. T. Dybå, B. Kitchenham, and M. J⊘rgensen, "Evidence-Based Software Engineering for Practitioners," IEEE Software, vol. 22, no.1, 2005, pp. 58–65.
11. D. Avison et al., "Action Research," Comm. ACM, vol. 42, no. 1, 1999, pp. 94–97.

Index Terms:
empirical software engineering, evidence-based software engineering, research synthesis, agile software development, XP, extreme programming, scrum, lean software development
Citation:
Tore Dybâ, Torgeir Dingsøyr, "What Do We Know about Agile Software Development?," IEEE Software, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 6-9, Sept.-Oct. 2009, doi:10.1109/MS.2009.145
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